Before the onset of critical days, there is a mass of unpleasant symptoms. Often, women experience a severe headache, become irritable, but sometimes can be marked and constipation before menstruation. The reasons for such changes in the body are different.
Why there is constipation before menstruation
Before menstruation, the uterus begins to be prepared for the rejection of the endometrium in the absence of fertilization. So the body is cleansed of the destroyed fetal egg, mucus and excess substances that are washed out with blood during the critical days. For this reason, before the arrival of the regulator, the reproductive organ accumulates blood, taking it out of the bloodstream. To do this, you need a sufficient amount of fluid in the tissues, which comes from the digestive tract.
Thus, stool retention before menstruation is provoked by the accumulation of blood in the uterus and the removal of fluid from the intestines. In addition, during this period there is a change in hormonal levels, due to which the water-salt balance is disturbed.
Another factor that causes constipation during menstruation is an increase in the uterus in the volume and compression of the intestinal walls. The lumen in it decreases, the passage of the masses becomes difficult. Also affects the activity of the gastrointestinal tract that worsens intestinal motility due to its lethargy during this period.
Causes of constipation not related to menstruation
The main factor provoking changes in the activities of the gastrointestinal tract - the wrong diet. There are a number of products that can slow down peristalsis and impair digestion. If a woman after menstruation or before their onset is constipated, then she needs to adjust the nutrition during the regulation period: to give up flour products, strong tea, cocoa, chocolate and rich foods.
Cause constipation various diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Colitis, an ulcer and irritable bowel syndrome are capable of provoking this symptom. With the development of pathologies noted the following clinical picture:
- pain in the epigastric region,
- lack of appetite,
- vomiting and nausea
When the colitis in the fecal masses appear such impurities as pus, mucus or blood. Similar changes are observed in irritable bowel syndrome.
Causes of problems with defecation may be covered in hemorrhoids. It is believed that constipation leads to the development of this pathology, but there is also an inverse relationship. With a pronounced pain syndrome in the rectal area, the woman tries to reduce the frequency of emptying. If the reflex is suppressed for an extended period of time, then the fecal masses become harder, as excess liquid begins to be absorbed into the intestinal wall. As a result of this - constipation.
In the prevention of constipation, the proper organization of the diet is of particular importance. A woman needs to give up sweets, smoked meats, confectionery, baking and alcohol. In moderate amounts should eat salty and spicy dishes. You also need to ensure that the diet does not have too many carbohydrates.
Many women who have constipation before menstruation do not know what to do in this situation. In fact, to avoid such problems is quite simple. It is necessary instead of the banned food included in the diet:
- oil of corn, sunflower, flax and olives,
- Rye bread,
- various dried fruits, in particular dried apricots,
- foods that contain high amounts of fiber
- karkade and green tea,
- unlimited vegetables
- fermented milk products with minimal fat.
Equally important in the normalization of the bowel is drinking mode. A woman needs to drink plenty of water before the start of critical days. During the day the body should receive at least 2.5 liters of fluid.
Restoration of the gastrointestinal tract system is a long and laborious process. It is not always possible to bring the intestinal functioning back to normal, following only one diet. At the same time, additional recommendations should be followed:
- spend more time outdoors,
- do sport,
- give preference to active recreation,
- give up bad habits (drinking and smoking).
Constipation during menstruation will help eliminate a relaxing massage. Improve the tone of the digestive system will succeed through yoga.
If problems with defecation are observed for a long time, then resort to the use of laxatives. Their action is aimed at suppressing the process of absorption by the intestinal walls and stimulation of peristalsis. Magnesia is most commonly used for this purpose. When applying it you need to follow a strict diet.
Among the common drugs with a laxative effect, isolated Duphalac and Senade. It is necessary to resort to reception of these preparations only according to the recommendation of the doctor.
If constipation is accompanied by a decrease in appetite and weakness, then drugs that increase motility are used. One of the most popular drugs in this group is Motilium. Reception of this means is combined with probiotics.
In cases where a psychoemotional state worsens before critical days and a delay in bowel movement is observed, spastic constipation most likely develops. The Fitoed will help to relax the intestinal walls, which has a calming effect and helps to improve the condition of the nervous system.
Before menstruation, women may have problems with defecation. The reasons for their occurrence are physiological and pathological. If these symptoms occur for a short period, then there is no cause for concern. In those cases where a delay in stool is observed even after the end of the regulation and is accompanied by other clinical manifestations, medical help is needed.
Causes of problems
Constipation can be caused by a variety of factors. Some of them are safe, others require complex treatment. Therefore, it is better to contact a specialist who can deal with the problems that have arisen.
Before the onset of menstruation, estrogen and progesterone levels change. This factor is the main cause of premenstrual syndrome. Hormonal changes affect the entire body, including the digestive organs. They cause intestinal spasm and stool retention. Lack of progesterone has a direct impact on the work of the digestive tract - this is one of the causes of constipation before menstruation. As a rule, it is spastic in nature and is accompanied by gas formation. Some women may have atonic constipation. In addition, low levels of progesterone provoke fluid accumulation in the tissues, which can cause problems. The uterus, filled with blood, has a certain effect, and during heavy menstrual periods, both salt and water metabolism may be impaired.
Improper diet is one of the main causes of constipation. Certain foods impair peristalsis and food digestion. Therefore, with a tendency to constipation, it is recommended to limit the intake of the following dishes:
- semolina, macaroni,
- fatty dishes and meat broths,
- white bread, pastries and pastries,
- strong tea, cocoa, chocolate.
It is advisable to use a lot of liquid and meals with fiber - they improve peristalsis and soften feces.
- Diseases of the stomach and intestines
Often, stool retention is associated with abnormalities in the digestive system. Constipation is a sign of illnesses such as irritable bowel syndrome, ulcers, colitis. But all pathologies are accompanied by other symptoms:
- stomach ache,
- lack of appetite,
- nausea and vomiting.
It is also possible alternation of constipation with diarrhea. When colitis in the feces can be noticed uncharacteristic impurities: blood, mucus or pus.
Constipation often provokes the development of a disease such as hemorrhoids. But there is a reverse effect. If there is pain during a bowel movement, the person consciously avoids frequent visits to the toilet. With constant suppression of the natural reflex, the stool becomes hard, as the intestines suck up excess water. Additionally, there are other symptoms:
- itching and burning in the anus,
- pain during stool,
- blood in feces.
When hemorrhoids are formed external or internal nodes that disrupt the normal bowel movement.
Digestive disorders before menstruation are temporary. But at the same time they cause a lot of inconvenience, so you need to cope with the problem yourself or contact a specialist. It will help determine the cause of the disease and the need for therapeutic and preventive measures.
You can talk about constipation in the absence of a chair for more than two days in a row. Atonic type is manifested by the following symptoms:
- weakness, feeling sick,
- feeling of intestinal overcrowding.
Spastic constipation is manifested by pain, swelling and rumbling. You can independently determine the type of constipation. To do this, it is enough to take any antispasmodic. Manifestations of spastic constipation after them decrease or disappear, with the atonic type of drugs do not give effect.
What to do with constipation
Every woman should know how to prevent the appearance of constipation before menstruation and what to do if they did appear.
If hormonal changes are the cause of the problems, conventional therapy may not be effective. With the advent of menstruation, the problem will be solved by itself. In other cases, medication or herbal medicine is possible.
Pharmacies sell various syrups, tablets, capsules and other drugs that quickly eliminate constipation. The specific medicine is better to choose according to the recommendation of a specialist, since it is necessary to take into account the individual characteristics of the body and the severity of the disease.
Often patients are prescribed suppositories containing glycerol, or tablets and suspensions with lactulose - they provide a dilution of feces. Such agents are well tolerated and have a mild effect on the stomach and intestines. Preparations containing buckthorn root or rhubarb can only be used in extreme cases. They are not suitable for regular use, as they have a negative effect on the intestines and have a lot of side effects.
If desired, to eliminate constipation, you can take medicinal plants, but they should not be abused. Experts recommend increasing the amount of dairy products, as they contain a lot of fiber. Good effect gives karkade tea - just drink it in the morning and evening a week before the onset of menstruation.
If there is no result, you can put an enema based on lightly salted water or chamomile decoction. This method of treating constipation is most effective, but too often it can not be used, since it can be addictive.
To prevent the appearance of constipation before the onset of menstruation, you must give up any junk food. These are salty and spicy dishes, smoked meats, confectionery, chocolate, alcohol. They retain fluid in the body.
It is better to include in the diet meals that contribute to the normalization of the chair. First of all, these are foods rich in fiber. Dried apricots and prunes are very useful - they do not allow fecal masses to form large lumps. It is advisable to drink at least two liters of liquid per day. The main ration should be fermented milk products and protein: boiled fish, sour cream, kefir, cottage cheese.
If constipation occurs frequently and has become chronic, you should consult a doctor. He will conduct a comprehensive survey and help determine the cause of the problems.
Complications of constipation
Long-term constipation can provoke inflammation in the sigmoid and rectum, secondary colitis, hemorrhoids, rectal fissures, paraproctitis, lengthening and expansion of the colon, bowel cancer.
Anxiety symptoms that should be paid attention to help suspect the presence of a tumor in the large intestine: feeling unwell, sudden weight loss, blood in the feces, sudden development of constipation in people over 50 years old who had no previous problems with the stool.
In the event of this rather delicate problem with the intestines, it is imperative to check the state of the endocrine organs, in particular, the thyroid gland.
If you do not find the root of the problem of frequent stool delays, then achieving a complete cure is quite problematic. Laxatives for constipation give short-term results, but do not eliminate the causes of the disease. In addition, the constant intake of laxative drugs can lead to a noticeable depletion of the intestinal muscles due to their excessive stimulation, while without the reception of these, it becomes problematic to defecate. As a result, addiction to the drug, the search for a new and the same habituation scheme.
Diet to normalize stools
Power mode should be set 5-6 one-time, in small fractional portions. Per day should drink at least 2 liters of pure water. Tea, juice, dairy products in these 2 liters are not included. Last meal no later than 18-19.
Eliminate the following foods from the diet: pastries, sodas, legumes, refined sugar and all sweets, margarine, mayonnaise, seasonings and spices. Eating fatty, fried, canned, spicy and salty foods is unacceptable.
The victory over constipation is possible only with a complete change in the style of nutrition and the observance of the daily regimen (to eat at the right time, to go to bed at the right time, not to overwork at work). One of the most important stages of healing is the revision of the diet, and the addition to food of foods that are abundant in fiber (dietary fiber).
Fiber Source Products
Bran - this product of milling production will help to quickly and accurately normalize the condition of the digestive tract. Bran strengthen intestinal motility, and also adsorb undigested food residues, toxins and slags. Take 1-2 tablespoons of wheat (oatmeal, rice, buckwheat and other) bran 20 minutes before meals, with a glass of water 3 times a day.
Cereals - whole grain bread, wheat germ, all kinds of cereals, especially oats, buckwheat, corn grits and brown rice.
Fresh fruits and berries - plums and prunes, apples, pears, bananas, citrus fruits, apricots and dried apricots, peaches, strawberries.
Raw vegetables - all leafy greens, peas, all varieties of cabbage, pumpkin, zucchini, celery and parsley root, carrots, bell peppers, tomatoes, cucumbers, eggplants.
Nuts and seeds - walnut, brazilian, almonds, hazelnuts, cashews, cedar, sunflower and pumpkin seeds (not roasted!), Sesame, sesame.
All foods rich in fiber, it is recommended to chew thoroughly, copiously wetting saliva before swallowing. This will lead to the normalization of the entire gastrointestinal tract.
It is necessary to include in the diet fermented milk products, especially enriched with acidophilic and lactic acid bacteria: kefir, natural yogurt (without additives in every way!), Yogurt, whey, ryazhenka. A daily dose of the use of fermented milk products is at least 0.5 liters. It is especially important to drink a glass of kefir before bedtime.
Have breakfast with natural mussels or porridge on the water. Meat and fish eat at lunch in boiled, baked or stewed form. Do not forget to add natural unrefined cold pressed oil (pumpkin, linseed, corn, walnut, grape seed, sunflower) to salads, at least 2 teaspoons per day. Replace sweet foods with honey, which is not only a delicacy, but also a curative.
Kefir with vegetable oil
In 180 ml of kefir mix 10 ml of any oil. Drink before bedtime, slowly absorbing the mixture with a teaspoon.
Rosehip juice, diluted with clean water, or crushed fresh rosehip leaves with sugar.
Fresh juice of root vegetables drink a teaspoon 4 times a day before meals. To continue the treatment for 3 weeks, then, after a month's break, repeat.
Fresh juice of root vegetables taken half an hour before meals, 100 ml 3 times a day. The course of treatment is 2 weeks.
Agave with honey
Squeeze 150 grams. agave juice and mix it with 300 gr. honey It is important before cutting not watering agave 10-15 days. If candied honey, you need to melt it a little. The medicine is stored in the refrigerator. It is taken in the morning on an empty stomach and before bedtime, one tablespoon, washed down with water.
Treating constipation requires not only lifestyle changes, but also your patience and perseverance. Do not forget to be as much as possible in the fresh air and engage in any sport available to you.
Causes of violations of the digestive tract during the period of PMS
The causes of the phenomenon of constipation before menstruation, depends on hormonal fluctuations in the blood of women. Due to the physiological difference in the level of hormones, all disorders in the female body and a failure in the functioning of the excretory, nervous, cardiovascular, and also the digestive system occur.
Constipation during the premenstrual period is a functional, temporary disorder in the digestive system. Но стоит помнить, что это небезобидное отклонение от нормы.If the body is not cleared of fecal matter daily, but is delayed for several days, then the body becomes poisoned.
Symptoms that indicate violations of the gastrointestinal tract during menstruation
If you use food with a bonding effect on the eve of menstruation, as well as allow errors in the diet, then there may be a malfunction of the intestine, which will be marked by a decrease in the tone of the intestinal walls and increased gas formation.
Hormonal disorders in which there is a delay of menstruation, as well as bowel disease and alcohol intake lead to changes in the bowel. And the appearance of craving for salty, spicy and sweet foods during the ICP period causes the formation of internal edema.
Constipation can be divided into two types, it is atonic and spastic, which are determined by taking antispasmodic drugs. If you take a pill of No-shpy or Drotaverin, which relieves menstrual pain, then the symptoms that appear when you have spastic constipation disappear. The effect of these drugs to relieve the symptoms of atopic constipation remain ineffectual.
Help with constipation
There is a large selection of medications and medicinal herbs that help well in solving this delicate problem.
If constipation occurs once a month, then you need to stick to a diet during the ICP, and during constipation to use:
- Microclysmic Microlax.
- Rectal suppositories with glycerin.
- Suspensions with lactulose.
- Laxative pills.
- Cleansing enema.
- Capsules containing lacto and bifidobacteria.
All procedures can be performed once or twice, because their abuse can lead to disruption of the gastrointestinal tract and cause intestinal atony. The treatment of problems that constantly arise with the chair should be carried out by a specialist;
Why does constipation occur before, during and after menstruation?
Monthly for women The menstrual phase is characterized by a drop in hormones. Intestinal cramps and, as a result, constipation may occur due to these changes. What is this change? We list them:
endometrial rejection. In the uterus, there is an accumulation of blood clots. Subsequently, the body increases and begins to put pressure on the intestines,
- before menstruation in the blood of a woman increases the level of prostaglandins,
- due to changes in hormonal background intestinal peristalsis decreases,
- swelling of the circulatory tissue, which is triggered by a violation of excretion of water and sodium.
Constipation in a woman can occur due to malnutrition, as well as excessive fluid intake. All this is also due to the fact that the level of estrogen decreases. This is a cause of increased appetite and frequent thirst.
If constipation continues after menstruation, it can be caused by residual effects, namely, a low content of hormones in the body.
A few days before the onset of menstruation, a woman has such a period, which is called PMS. So, before the appearance of menstruation a woman can gain a few pounds in weight. And this is despite the fact that some lead a healthy lifestyle, eat right and play sports.
All changes in the body are primarily due to hormonal changes, namely a decrease in progesterone and estrogen levels. After all, these components affect the absorption of fluid. During the period of PMS, it begins to accumulate in the tissues of the body. In addition, hormones also require additional nutrition. In other words, their main goal is to accumulate nutrients in the body.
That is why the body's work and will adapt to changes in the hormonal background. First of all, water begins to concentrate in the walls. After that, the intestine no longer suffices fluid in order to form fecal masses. Therefore, the feces formed during this period are dense. Constipation occurs because the intestinal motility is reduced, and in addition the uterus, increasing in size, puts pressure on the intestine and prevents the excretion of feces from the body.
If this situation occurs for several days, it will lead to severe constipation. Subsequently, poisoning of the body can occur. After all, feces must be removed in a timely manner, and if this does not happen, the toxins contained in it can pass through the blood to the tissues and organs.
Most often, when the monthly pass, hormones are restored, and the chair normalizes. But in some cases, constipation can become chronic. Then, to combat it, you can use various drugs:
A good tool to combat constipation are suppositories, which include glycerin.
There are many recipes of traditional medicine that can cope with constipation. We list the most effective of them.
Vaseline oil is often used to normalize the work of the intestine. It is safe for human health and effectively fights constipation. The tool can even be used to treat constipation in children. Take it to 2 hours before meals.
A serving for an adult is 2.5 tablespoons. If you use this tool in larger quantities, it can cause a complication, namely the development of chronic constipation. Vaseline oil on the intestinal walls forms a barrier, so its long-term use can lead to problems with the absorption of vitamins. To prevent this from happening, it is recommended to use the remedy for no more than 5 days.
Do not forget that petroleum jelly is strictly forbidden to take people who have peptic ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Flaxseed oil is also used to combat constipation. Due to its composition, rich in beneficial vitamins and trace elements, the tool not only promotes the removal of feces from the body, but also restores metabolism. Take flaxseed oil daily 1 tsp. on an empty stomach 1 hour before meals.
In this state, a woman's hormone level decreases. This leads not only to constipation, but to other health problems.
Sex hormones control the production of vital substances. One of them is serotonin. With insufficient content in the blood, disrupted the digestive system. And this subsequently leads to constipation.
In this situation, the occurrence of constipation may also be associated with hormonal imbalance, namely with those hormones on which the menstrual cycle depends. Exactly the same picture is observed in women and during pregnancy. In both situations, not only bloating may occur, but also constipation.
Prevention and correction of the diet
Prevention of constipation should be primarily aimed at normalizing the work of the digestive system, in particular the intestine. And the first thing you need to think about in this situation is the correction of the diet.
Besides, The last meal should occur 2 hours before bedtime. Food should not be heavy. In the diet should necessarily contain foods that contain plant fiber.
Do not forget that it is necessary to eat dairy products, which have a laxative effect.
Exclude from the diet or limit the need to:
- protein products
- easily digestible cereal,
- tea, cocoa,
- red wine and others.
Constipation is a very serious pathology. Often it occurs in women during menstruation or just before its beginning. It is caused by changes in the hormonal background. If you do not pay attention to constipation, in the future they can become chronic and in consequence lead to even more serious problems.
Constipation and its causes
The slightest failure in the work of our body makes itself felt with various signals. One of these signals is constipation. He talks about digestive disorders that are caused by improper diet. The term "constipation" is commonly understood as a delay of defecation for more than 24 hours. What does it threaten with?
Defecation is the natural elimination of the waste left from recycling from the human body. The digestive system absorbs all important trace elements and substances from the incoming products, and removes everything else from the body along with other wastes.
If there is difficulty with defecation, all wastes containing decomposition products, toxins and slags are trapped in the colon. As you know, the rectum has the properties to suck all substances into the blood, so toxins from waste continue to poison the human body, which immediately affects his well-being. And the longer our intestines are not emptied, the more harmful substances accumulate in the body. Therefore, we are interested in knowing all the symptoms and effective ways to get rid of constipation.
The main reasons for such an unpleasant phenomenon as constipation, can be called many factors:
- The delay process of defecation. Most often it occurs in people who, by the nature of their profession, are forced to remain in the workplace, thereby disrupting the natural movement of food in the body. As a result, digestive waste stagnates and hardens, which leads to more problematic emptying.
- Hemorrhoids and fissures in the anus. A person with such a disease always suffers from acute and penetrating pain. Therefore, spontaneous containment of desires occurs. As a result, the result is the same as in the first case. But there are situations when the passage for the free exit of feces is blocked by a hemorrhoid. Then this problem is very serious, which is solved only after going to a doctor.
- Wrong diet or diet, in which the body receives an insufficient amount of substances for the full formation of feces and its safe discharge.
- Constipation can occur with insufficient consumption of plant foods. If the intestine does not have enough plant fibers, then this is fraught with a violation of motility and the digestive process in general.
- You can get constipation when there is a shortage of fluid. In such a situation, fecal masses harden, which causes difficulties in passing them through the intestines.
- Medication, antidepressants, antiallergic medicines, anti-diarrhea drugs and other substances that may cause constipation.
- In infants, constipation may appear due to improper selection or preparation of mixtures.
- Elderly people suffer from constipation due to weakening of the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall.
- Women in the postpartum period have constipation due to stretching of the muscles.
- If a person has congenital pathologies of the gastrointestinal tract, then the problem is solved surgically.
- Sometimes constipation occurs when thyroid function disorders, diabetes, or menopause.
- Constipation may be associated with neuralgic problems.
- Invasion of the body with worms can also disrupt the activity of the intestines.
Very often, the impossibility of natural emptying is a symptom of serious diseases.
By origin, there are two types of constipation:
- organic - as a rule, they are caused by anatomical features of the intestine or its physiological changes as a result of surgical interventions, congenital pathologies or inflammatory processes,
- functional - such constipation is caused with problems of intestinal motility, psychological trauma or overexertion.
The delicate problem of the first type is diagnosed very quickly with the help of colonoscopy and other methods. The second type can be diagnosed only by exclusion, which will take much longer.
Much depends on the tone of the intestine. So, against the background of this feature distinguish spastic and atonic constipation. In the first case, the person suffers from an increased intestinal tone, and in the second, from a relaxed musculature, therefore the accumulated waste products very slowly move towards the exit.
These symptoms may indicate a problem:
- frequency of bowel movements (less than 3 times a week),
- the output of feces is impossible without effort
- small amount of feces (less than 40g),
- the presence in the feces of large and large clots (stones),
- sense of incomplete process and new urges,
- high gas generation
- constant feeling of overcrowding,
- defecation is possible only with enema,
- feeling nauseous
- sleep disturbance,
How to diagnose and get rid of constipation?
As a rule, the diagnosis of the disease is carried out by the proctologist after clarifying all the details of the problem and drawing up a complete clinical picture. For diagnostics such methods are used:
- colonoscopy - the study of the rectum using a thin tube (probe), which is equipped with a camera,
- anorectal manometry - helps to investigate the ability of the anus and rectum to contract,
- irrigoscopy - allows you to assess the lumen in the intestine, its tone, the presence of tumors and spasms,
- electrogastroenterography - the processing of electromagnetic signals that allow you to explore the intestinal motility.
In addition, the patient may need to pass an analysis of urine, feces and blood, which also helps to get an idea of the patient's health status.
How to quickly get rid of constipation at home and with medicine?
The main methods that will help to escape from constipation are independent actions and the help of specialists. For a start, it is worth trying such physiotherapeutic activities as massage and electrostimulation. Self-massage is quite effective, which consists in light stroking the hand over the stomach only in a clockwise direction. Electrical stimulation allows replacing the natural intestinal impulses that trigger peristalsis with artificial ones to improve its performance, restore functions and stimulate blood circulation.
To improve the activity of the gastrointestinal tract and the body as a whole, it is necessary to include moderate exercise in the day regimen. This is especially true of those who spend most of their time in the office or driving a car. You can sign up for fitness or at least at home every morning to do exercises and run out for a run. Excellent helps swimming and walking in the fresh air. Of course, it is impossible to switch sharply to strong physical exertion, as this may cause the opposite effect. Your body will get stressed out and re-activates such functions that will lead to constipation.
In addition, you should carefully review your diet, daily regimen and other factors that adversely affect the natural process of defecation. It all depends on your desire to restore the normal functioning of the intestine. As a rule, the preparation of a diet that includes foods rich in fiber, as well as the obligatory adherence to drinking regime.
Daily ration should include:
- dried fruits,
- dairy products,
- freshly squeezed juices,
- non-carbonated mineral water
- vegetable oil.
In the diet, fiber must be present in raw and boiled form. Therefore it is necessary to eat stewed, boiled, baked and steamed dishes more often. At the same time, it is necessary to resolutely abandon fried, spicy, pickled, smoked, etc. You also need to exclude alcohol. Try to avoid nervous tension and stress. The body does not need extra emotional turmoil.
How to get rid of constipation folk remedies?
The people's advice has always been an excellent alternative to drug treatment. The most effective, which tell you how to urgently get rid of constipation, are recipes decoctions of medicinal herbs:
Lemon balm - dry and crushed leaves (3 g) are steamed with a glass of boiling water and infused until completely cooled. Then about 40 grams of infusion is injected into the rectum with an enema,
- fresh onion juice, taken 3-4 times a day before meals for 21 days,
- Herbal collection, which includes nettles, strawberries, peppermint, tansy, roots of horse sorrel, aniseed fruit, valerian, etc., taken in a proportion of 0.1 kg. collection of 0.3 l. boiling water. All is heated for a couple for 20 minutes and poured into a thermos for 1 hour. The resulting infusion is divided into equal parts and taken every day, morning and evening,
- Elderberry - 2st.l. dry the elder flowers with a glass of warm boiled water and leave for 2 hours. Strained infusion take at bedtime for half a glass,
- Aloe - 150 gr. fresh crushed leaves are mixed with 300 gr. natural honey and insist throughout the day. The resulting infusion is heated in a water bath and filtered through cheesecloth. It is necessary to use such medicine in the morning on an empty stomach on 1 dessert spoon. Fresh juice of this plant should be drunk 3 times a day before meals for 30 days.
- Oregano - 3 tbsp. dry herbs are mixed with 500 ml. vegetable oil, and insist 24 hours. Take oil on an empty stomach 3 times a day,
- burdock seeds - 1-2stl. of mature seeds and pour a glass of boiling water. Then cook everything in a water bath for about 2 hours on low heat. All broth need to drink immediately.
How to get rid of constipation in a child?
In the first half of the life of the child very often can suffer from constipation. Это может быть вызвано несовершенством рефлекторных функций.First of all, it is necessary to determine the origin of the problem, what the pediatrician should do. In the absence of congenital intestinal defects, all measures are directed to the restoration of intestinal microflora, the violation of which leads to constipation.
You can try to correct the situation with the help of massage with light stroking of the abdomen in a clockwise direction, then turn the baby on the tummy for a few minutes. Such procedures should be done 10-15 minutes before feeding.
Effective and harmless means are fermented milk products that contain bifidobacteria. If a child is diagnosed with acutely marked dysbiosis, then pro-and prebiotics will most likely be prescribed.
In difficult cases, when other methods are powerless, the doctor prescribes medications based on lactulose. It softens the fecal masses and contributes to their natural excretion. In this case, the drug restores the intestinal microflora. In the event of flatulence, colic and problems with defecation, it is recommended to take simethicone preparations - Espumizan, SAB Simpex, etc.
Unfortunately, constipation in the first year of life in babies is quite common. But serious treatment is required only for congenital abnormalities, when the intestine has an irregular shape that prevents the normal discharge of feces. Most often it helps to eliminate the problem and normalize the work of the intestine proper nutrition, adherence to the rules and rules of hygiene, as well as active walks in the fresh air.
How to get rid of constipation during pregnancy in the early stages?
This problem is so common among pregnant women that many consider it a side effect. But it is not. Constipation is a serious problem that requires immediate attention. It is rather difficult to cure constipation in a pregnant woman. Most medications are contraindicated, as they can adversely affect the health of the future baby or during pregnancy. Therefore, troubleshooting begins with power correction. Normally, this should help in solving the problem without the use of drugs.
In the diet must be present products that promote natural bowel movements:
- vegetables and fruits raw, boiled, baked,
- Rye bread,
- bread with a lot of bran,
- prunes and other dried fruits
- buckwheat, oatmeal, barley porridge,
Such a menu will help the body deal with the problem.
If a pregnant woman suffers from bloating and constipation, then it is necessary to limit the use of food rich in dietary fiber. These products include cabbage, sorrel, spinach, beans. They can cause gas formation and further aggravate the condition of the woman.
In addition, while it is not necessary to include in the menu dishes with a viscous basis. These are semolina and rice grated porridge, jellies and mucous soups. Tea and cocoa are also worth giving up. They not only interfere with the normal functioning of the intestines, but also negatively affect the nervous system of the future mother and baby.
It is important to drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day. But if a woman suffers from swelling, then you can not reduce the amount of fluid, and limit the salt in food. It is she who retains water in the body and causes swelling.
There are situations when the diet is not enough to normalize the chair, then you have to seek help from a specialist. Do not self-medicate and do not take any drugs yourself.
Causes of constipation before menstruation
Often, constipation stops with the natural occurrence of menstruation, but this problem, repeated from time to time, can not but strain. Specialists provide the following factors as probable causes of constipation before menstruation:
- impaired uterine pressure due to overcrowding,
- extremely high concentration of fluid in the tissues, water imbalance,
- problems with salt metabolism,
- psychosomatic factors, nervous breakdowns,
- hormonal disorders.
Interestingly, the mental state directly affects the likelihood of constipation. Therefore, if a woman feels confident, calm, relaxed, then problems with defecation are unlikely to arise if there were no obvious violations of the hormonal background.
The most dangerous in this situation is the accumulation of toxins in the body and directly in the intestine. That is why the problem of constipation must be addressed as soon as possible, because it entails intoxication. Disturbing bells - extremely fever and pain throughout the body.
We also advise you to read the article “Constipation and vomiting”.
The following pharmaceutical products are used as medications:
- syrups based on natural herbs or containing lactulose,
- candles with the obligatory content of glycerol,
- pills, tablets and capsules.
Lactulose must be present in the selected medications. It makes the stool softer and more malleable, so that they easily come out of the large intestine. In this case, the body gets rid of spasms, is cleared of toxins and slags.
Treatment with lactulose-based syrups usually does not exceed several days, but decoctions based on natural ingredients are taken longer by the patient. The period of use of candles depends on the patient's condition: it is necessary to pay attention to the comorbidities and the age of the woman.
We also recommend that you read the article “Constipation in the first trimester.”
Alternative treatment options
Alternative treatments include traditional medicine, in particular - the use of infusions of field and wild herbs, taking baths with plant extracts.
Traditional medicine can be combined with a light massage areas that are concerned. Effective procedures include an enema based on decoction of field chamomile or salted water. It is difficult to overdo it: you can even create your own herbal mixes, because they will not do harm, but it is not advisable to get involved in herbal medicine on an ongoing basis.
If constipation bothers you regularly and long enough, you should immediately consult a doctor. Traditional medicine in this case will not make any sense.
Prevention of constipation before menstruation
Even if you do not suffer from constipation before menstruation, it makes sense to adhere to prevention. Constipation causes the creation of "pockets" in the rectum, and in the future this often leads to surgery.
Usually, doctors recommend the following preventive steps for all women, regardless of age:
- Control of digestion. It is better to limit or even remove sweet, too salty and too spicy, smoked from your own menu. Eating chocolate should also be reduced, leaving only its black bitter version in the diet. Abstain from alcohol.
- Control drinking regime. A week before menstruation, you should gradually increase the amount of moisture consumed to 30-40%. It is better to focus on water and natural teas, and not on coffee and alcoholic beverages.
- You’re more outdoors, relax, pay due attention to mental health. This will reduce the likelihood of hormonal disruption and associated problems.
Constipation before menstruation is not a sentence at all. Adhere to a healthy lifestyle, follow the nutrition and mental state, regularly obelsduytes at the female doctor to prevent similar problems in the future.
We also advise you to familiarize yourself with the article - "Psychosomatics of constipation."
What is the menstrual cycle
The menstrual cycle (translated from the Latin menstruus - monthly) - the change in the female reproductive age. The beginning is determined by the first day of the appearance of bleeding.
The onset of menstruation indicates the body’s readiness for reproduction. The first menarche of menarche occurs in girls from an average of 12 to 14 years. Options are 9-15 years. The beginning of the cycle is influenced by physiological characteristics, nutrition, a hereditary factor, region of residence.
There are phases that follow each other. Changes occur in parallel in the ovaries and in the endometrium.
Features of hormonal adjustment in a woman’s body
In the pre-menstrual period, the woman's body goes through a stage of hormonal changes. This is due to the natural processes of the body, aimed at preparing the body for fertilization.
The main hormones of the female reproductive system are estrogens and gestagens.
Estrogens are formed in the ovaries. Estrogen consists of hormones: estradiol, estrone, estriol. Together they are responsible for the formation of sex, the development of secondary genital organs, mammary glands, the onset of the menstrual cycle, preparation and release of the egg.
Progestins - pregnancy hormones. Produced in the yellow body of the ovaries. Thanks to the gestagens in the woman’s body, comfortable conditions for conception are created, and they influence the proper development of the mammary gland.
The menstrual cycle is divided into 2 stages - the period of preparation for conception and preparation for bearing. At the first stage, estrogens are actively produced, at the second stage their function is less noticeable. Progestogens stand out in the second stage, when the follicle releases an egg cell, and it itself is converted into a corpus luteum. If fertilization does not occur, the cycle repeats monthly.
On the basis of studies revealed that sex hormones act not only on reproductive function. Their influence covers other systems and organs, including the digestive tract. Fluctuations of estrogen and gestagen causes disturbances in the water-salt balance, which affects the quality of fecal masses. The activity of intestinal motility decreases, preventing the easy removal of processed foods. Women shortly before menstruation or during menstruation often notice constipation, bloating, nausea, diarrhea.
Causes and symptoms
Consider several factors that affect intestinal function in PMS. The main reasons why constipation occurs during or in front of menstruation are:
- Violations of water-salt balance. Under the action of gestagens, the blood thickens, causing the feces to become dry, moving poorly through the intestines.
- Decreased intestinal motility. This is due to the hormonal effects on the nervous system of women. Often there is constipation after menstruation, the causes of which are weak intestines.
- The lower abdomen may swell, creating additional inconvenience.
Constipation before menstruation is accompanied by the following symptoms:
- no stool for more than 2-3 days,
- feeling of heaviness in the intestines
- severe pain in the lower abdomen,
- increased body temperature
- lack of appetite.
Overview of home treatment
To eliminate constipation a person does not need to go to hospital. Treatment of constipation is carried out at home. Before starting treatment, you should consult a doctor. He will identify the cause of violations, advise current ways to solve the problem.
Improvement of the bowel before menstruation is associated with the regulation of the cycle and the intake of laxatives. A woman, on the recommendation of a doctor, can purchase drugs for constipation at a pharmacy or prepare them herself, using traditional medicine recipes.
Drugs are used to stabilize the menstrual cycle and remove stagnant feces from the intestine.
Cyclodinone is a plant-based drug based on Prutnyak ordinary. Restores the natural balance between estrogen and progestin, eliminates pronounced discomfort before menstruation (constipation and bloating). Available in the form of drops and tablets. Daily dose - 1 tablet (40 drops). The course of treatment is 3 months. The only contraindication to prescribing the drug is an allergic reaction to the active ingredient.
Dysmenorm is a homeopathic medicine for the treatment of PMS, the regulation of the menstrual cycle. The composition includes: agnus cactus, bee venom, pulsatilla, medicinal rosemary. The drug is used 1-2 tablets three times a day for 3 months. Contraindicated in sensitivity to bee products, breastfeeding, the presence of estrogen dependent formations and pituitary tumors.
Duphaston is a progestogen product. The main component is didrogesterone. For correction of the symptoms of PMS, and with delayed menstruation, 1 tablet is applied once a day. The course of therapy from 3 months to six months. The drug is not prescribed in the presence of an allergic reaction to didrogesteron or other components of the drug, with some hepatic impairment.
Urozhestan - capsules for oral administration of 100 and 200 mg of the substance. The main component is micronized progesterone. Regulates the cycle of menstruation. The daily dose of the drug is on average 200-300 mg of the component, which is divided into 1 or 2 doses. Do not use with sensitivity to component ingredients, liver disease, after an unsuccessful abortion, with vaginal bleeding, cerebral haemorrhage, porphyria and thrombophlebitis.
Causes of constipation in women
It is usually difficult to understand what provoked a critical state and the impossibility of normal toilet visits. The causes of constipation in women are varied. This problem may occur regardless of age, but it is for women after 40-50 years and in old age becomes the most frequent. Patients do not hasten to consult a doctor for help - the ailment is too delicate. However, this decision becomes wrong: it is better to find the root of the troubles in a timely manner, until more dangerous disruptions in the body's work appear.
Causes of constipation at a young age
Stool delays in girls is a phenomenon that occurs several times more often than in men. The reasons are as follows:
- Insufficient amount of drunk water - normally you need to drink at least 1.5 liters of liquid, while teas, juices and coffee are not taken into account,
- Errors in diet and unbalanced nutrition - women tend to frequent diets, exhausting hunger strikes in pursuit of weight loss. It is difficult for the body to survive such shocks, which leads to delays in bowel movement,
- The active use of strong tea and coffee - these harmless drinks have an astringent effect,
- Hormonal disruptions - constipation can occur against the background of changes in the menstrual cycle, during pregnancy and pathological phenomena in the body,
- Sedentary lifestyle - if a girl works in an office, gets to work in a personal car or taxi, and refuses to walk, processed food will stagnate in the body,
- Diseases of the digestive system - gastritis or gastric ulcer, inflammation of the colon, pancreatitis, dysbiosis, liver problems, neoplasms in the intestine, adhesions, cysts.
To determine the cause of persistent constipation in women, it is necessary to undergo a diagnosis in a medical institution. Modern equipment allows you to make this procedure safe and painless.
Causes of constipation in adulthood
The age-related changes of the organism, of course, are not a reason for grief, but they affect the state of health, the work of the organism, and may entail unexpected consequences. Causes of constipation in women after 40-50 years are usually as follows:
- Hormonal disruptions in the body caused by the onset of menopause. So, according to statistics, at least 35% of women in menopause are forced to put up with difficulties during defecation,
- The omission of internal organs, as the proper physical exertion at this age is often absent,
- Rebuilding the work of the digestive tract, as they begin to absorb familiar foods in a new way,
- Deterioration of intestinal motility - serotonin is produced in insufficient quantities, which leads to disruptions in the functioning of the intestine,
- Metabolic disorders - carbohydrates and fats are absorbed better than proteins, which leads to a change in feces, their consistency. It is for this reason that women in menopause often gain weight,
- Diseases of the vascular system - elevated cholesterol contributes to blockage of blood vessels or reduce lumen. As a result, the organs do not receive the required amount of oxygen from the blood, stagnant processes occur.
Otherwise, the causes of constipation are similar to those that cause illness at a young age. The danger of this condition is due to intoxication of the body. The woman’s well-being deteriorates markedly, and taking laxatives without consulting a doctor will have only a negative effect.
Causes of constipation in old age
In general, constipation in older women occurs for the same reasons as girls. Affected by improper diet, low physical activity, intake of insufficient amounts of water. But to provoke an unpleasant illness can and regular intake of medicines, which women at the age sometimes take handfuls - as prescribed by a doctor. Stagnant processes are sometimes observed against the background of chronic diseases:
- Diabetes mellitus
- Atherosclerosis of vessels
The functions of the gastrointestinal tract noticeably weaken with age, intestinal motility deteriorates, the sensitivity of the anal sphincter decreases, and the urge to empty is less pronounced. However, do not think that constipation in older women is the norm. This condition is pathological, requires diagnosis, identification of causes and timely treatment under the supervision of specialists.
What is dangerous constipation for women?
Отсутствие нормальной дефекации само по себе не представляет опасности – просто доставляет неудобства и болезненные ощущения. But the consequences of constipation in women turn out to be unpredictable; in case of chronic pathology, serious complications can arise:
- Anal fissures, hemorrhoids, bleeding, as a result - anemia,
- Weakening of the muscles in the rectal area, resulting in fecal incontinence, involuntary bowel movement,
- When excessive attempts are possible prolapse of the rectum through the anus, treatment is carried out only by surgery,
- The appearance of tumors, as the intestine is constantly in an irritated state. Constipation is a precursor to the development of malignant tumors,
- Intoxication of the body, since toxic substances from the rectum enter the bloodstream, spread to all organs and tissues. The state of health noticeably worsens, catarrhal diseases become frequent, immunity decreases.
The danger is not only constipation itself, but also its “treatment” with laxatives. Regular intake of such drugs leads to sad consequences - the intestine gets used, stops functioning normally, nutrients are not absorbed. Defecation without stimulation becomes impossible.
How to treat constipation in women?
Therapy should not begin with taking drugs that will improve the condition, but with determining the causes of constipation in adult women. You can take a laxative only if the problem with defecation is accidental and has arisen for the first time. If it is periodically repeated or is regular, it is impossible to go without a proctologist.
In women, treatment often comes down to correcting the hormonal background - by removing the cause, you can completely forget about constipation. However, effective medications may be prescribed:
- "Mikrolaks" - splits feces, contributes to its rapid removal, is used as a single enema,
- "Senade" - pills that act 10 hours after ingestion. They are absorbed directly in the colon, not suitable for regular use,
- “RektivAktiv” - the effect is noticeable after 15 minutes. Candles for rectal administration affect the body due to glyceride and escin in the composition. When hemorrhoids are contraindicated,
- Probiotics - have a cumulative therapeutic effect, the result is visible several weeks after administration. Drugs improve the condition of the digestive system as a whole, are distinguished by a mild effect.
Also, doctors prescribe and other laxative drugs for women. For example, “Linex”, “Lactulose”, “Duphalac”, “Lynolax”, “Bisacodil”, “Defenorm” “Pikolax”.
It is possible to treat constipation in women, regardless of age, not only with pharmaceutical preparations, but also with traditional medicine. Fast and effective drugs are:
Herbs are made with decoctions and infusions. A spoonful of dried leaves or seeds is poured with a glass of boiling water, infused for half an hour, taken before meals or at night while going to bed. Popular oils are various oils: sunflower, olive, linseed, castor. They have a mild laxative effect, envelop the intestines, increase the outflow of bile. Oil is taken on a spoon on an empty stomach before eating, washed down with water with a small amount of lemon juice.
Prevention and Diet
Preventing constipation is much easier than treating it. Methods of prevention and proper nutrition are effective even if a woman has a tendency to stagnate fecal masses. Laxative drugs will give only short-term effect, and as a preventive measure it is recommended:
- Increase the volume of water - drink it during meals and before meals,
- To eat in small portions, but more often - every 3-4 hours,
- Balance the diet, add dairy products, vegetable soups, sea kale and dried apricots,
- You need to eat more vegetables, fruits and berries, they will improve the condition of the intestines, relieve constipation,
- Black tea, coffee in large quantities, carbonated drinks and fresh milk will have to be abandoned. It is also worth limiting the use of sugar, smoked, fried foods and pastries,
- You can not dine in front of the TV screen and on the run - eat in a calm, measured atmosphere, chewing thoroughly,
- Devote at least a little time to physical exertion - a half-hour walk in the fresh air will benefit not only the intestines, but also the entire body.
Vegetable juice, drunk on an empty stomach in the morning, or an eaten apple can help prevent constipation. Boiled beets and pumpkin should be your favorite products along with kefir.
Causes of stagnation of fecal masses in women are diverse. Accurately determine what has become a provoking factor, can only a doctor, which should be addressed without fear. To get rid of a delicate problem only with the help of a laxative will not work - complex treatment, nutritional adjustment, elimination of associated pathologies are required.