The hormone estradiol has a significant effect on the female body. It is with his direct participation in women that the entire reproductive system is formed, as well as the internal organs that are responsible for the reproductive function of the body. In addition, estradiol has an impact on the appearance of women, giving signs that distinguish them from men: forms the rounded shape of the figure, chest, deposits of subcutaneous fat on the thighs and abdomen.
Not surprisingly, women’s low estradiol levels are not only negatively reflected on their appearance, but also on temperament, menstrual cycle, and most importantly, on the ability to become pregnant: estradiol indices below normal often indicate infertility.
Estradiol is the main and most active female sex hormone, which is included in the estrogen subclass. It is produced to a greater extent in the ovaries, in small quantities by the adrenal glands, and its main purpose is to prepare the female body for pregnancy. This hormone also affects the condition of the skin, the absence / presence of wrinkles, a vigorous state of mind, high physical activity, endurance. In addition, he:
- stimulates the maturation of the egg,
- affects the increased blood flow in the uterus,
- contributes to the thickening of the inner mucous layer of the uterus, the width of which by the time the egg leaves the follicle should be at least a centimeter,
- improves blood clotting
- accelerates the formation and renewal of cells, tissues, muscles,
- strengthens blood vessels
- retains sodium and water
- participates in metabolic processes in bone tissues,
- lowers cholesterol
- sedative effect on the nervous system.
The amount of estradiol in the blood is unstable and constantly fluctuates. The highest rates are recorded between three and six hours of the day, the lowest - from midnight to two nights. The level of the hormone is influenced by the health of the woman, as well as the menstrual cycle: as soon as one of the egg follicles begins to grow and the egg cell matures, it begins to release estrogens, signaling the uterus that it is time to prepare for conception.
By the time of follicle maturation, the level of estradiol in the body is so high that the hypothalamus, one of the brain sections, gives the pituitary a signal to increase the production of the hormones LH and FSH, which are responsible for the reproductive system of the body. As a result of the burst, when FSH and LH reach their maximum levels at this moment, the follicle is torn and the egg cell that has matured in it leaves, starting to move to the uterus.
After that, the level of estradiol descends to a minimum, and the yellow body formed at the site of the torn follicle begins to actively synthesize progesterone. True, such a decline is short-lived, and on the ninth day the level of estradiol increases again, reaching the second peak, however, much less than with ovulation and again decreases.
When estradiol is lowered
The development of many diseases associated with malfunction of the reproductive system, often depends on too low or high levels of estradiol. In women who do not expect a baby, the norm of the hormone is:
- follicular phase: 57 to 227 pmol / l,
- preovulatory peak: from 127 to 476 pmol / l,
- luteal phase: from 77 to 227 pmol / l.
These data are only approximate, because the hormone level changes daily, so when you donate blood for analysis, you need to tell the specialist what day of the cycle. This will allow more accurate diagnosis of the disease, if any.
The low level of estradiol, many women may not even guess until they begin to plan a pregnancy: according to doctors, with a reduced amount of this hormone, getting pregnant and carrying a child is very difficult.
Even if conception occurs, the probability of miscarriage is extremely high: estradiol has a great influence on the formation of the placenta, the state of the uterus, and blood circulation in the pelvic organs. He is also responsible for blood clotting, reducing bleeding during childbirth.
Among the symptoms that indicate that estradiol levels are below normal, and that you should pay attention to in time to start treatment, are:
- irregular cycle: frequent delays or early onset of menses,
- pain during menstruation and premenstrual syndrome,
- excessive dryness and burning sensation in the vagina,
- decrease in sexual desire
- fatigue, weakness, fatigue,
- pressure jumps, migraines,
- a sharp decrease in body weight
- frequent sprains and fractures.
In the future, signs develop, to which the woman is no longer able to pay attention. This is a male-type change in the shape, when the hips are narrowed, the shoulders become wider, the antennae appear, and the hair on the chin darkens. The situation when a woman can not get pregnant for a long time when trying to do it is alarming.
Causes of a decrease in the hormone
Various reasons can affect the reduction of estradiol in women. Low hormone levels in women are always observed during or after menopause. In this case, it is a natural process, laid down by nature, when the amount of estrogen decreases and remains at a very low level.
In women of reproductive age, a decrease in estradiol may be associated with the following diseases:
- Hypogonadism - disruption of the functioning of the female genital organs and mammary glands, with the result that they atrophy. The cause of the disease may be genetic pathology, ovarian hypoplasia, radiation, inflammation, pituitary or hypothalamic tumors, etc.,
- Pituitary nanizm - ailment is characterized by a delay in linear growth (dwarfism) and physical development, which was triggered by poor performance of the pituitary gland and poor hormone production,
- Hyperprolactinium is a high content of the hormone prolactin in the blood, which during lactation is responsible for the production of milk and retards the onset of a new pregnancy. If a high amount of prolactin is not associated with a baby, pituitary or hypothalamic tumors, hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, renal failure, abortions, chest surgery, increase the hormone,
- Luteal phase deficiency - a decrease in the production of progesterone by the corpus luteum,
- Viril syndrome - the appearance of secondary sexual characteristics in women due to an excessive amount of androgens and atrophy of the female genital organs. It is often caused by a tumor of the pituitary, hypothalamus, adrenal glands, ovaries,
- Shereshevsky-Turner syndrome is a genetic disease triggered by a disorder in the structure of the X chromosome, which is accompanied by abnormalities in the development of internal organs and short stature,
- Inflammatory processes of internal genital organs,
- The possibility of miscarriage.
Also, low levels of estradiol can be caused by smoking, alcoholic beverages, and even taking them in small quantities can cause a sharp decrease in estrogen.
Also, low levels of estradiol can be caused by smoking, alcoholic beverages, and even taking them in small quantities can cause a sharp decrease in estrogen.It affects the number and the desire of women to lose weight, when, after many hours of training, upon returning home, they reinforce the strength of an unbalanced diet, for example, empty buckwheat and fat-free kefir.
It is also a generally accepted fact that among vegetarians compared to women who eat meat, the level of low estradiol is much more common.
Another reason that can trigger a drop in the hormone is taking medication without consulting the doctor: many antibiotics, corticosteroids, and hormonal preparations contain substances that affect estrogens. Contraceptive drugs are also dangerous if they are used without consulting a gynecologist: this can later turn into an inability to get pregnant.
Solution to the problem
If tests have shown a reduced amount of estrogen to increase estradiol levels, the doctor usually prescribes medicines that contain this hormone. Such drugs not only restore the menstrual cycle, but also successfully cope with many diseases that provoke a low level of estrogen. This is polycystic ovary, infertility, is used for generic weakness, post-term pregnancy, to reduce the level of prolactin.
In case of detection of an illness with which drugs containing estradiol cannot cope, treatment aimed at fighting the disease is prescribed. Especially it does not tolerate delay, if a cancer tumor is found, the actions of the doctor in this case largely depend on the disease and the course of the disease.
In addition to taking medications, to increase the level of estradiol in the body, you need to eat protein foods. The diet may include lean meat, fish, poultry, eggs, liver, dairy and dairy products, if there are no contraindications. It is undesirable to get involved in carbohydrates, as well as products that contain a lot of starch: cereals, pasta, bread, potatoes, beets. It is better to cook food by steaming, boiling or stewing, it is better to refuse fried foods, in order to increase estradiol.
Low estradiol in women - causes
Lowering estradiol affects the work of the whole organism, and may be the result of hereditary or acquired diseases, an irregular way of life or living conditions. The most likely causes of this condition include:
- hormonal disorders and dysfunctions of the reproductive system,
- endocrine disorders mainly associated with the activity of the pituitary gland (eg dwarfism),
- delay of physical and sexual development,
- inflammatory processes of the pelvic organs,
- uncontrolled intake of oral contraceptives,
- unbalanced diet (non-fat, high carbohydrate diets, vegetarianism),
- heavy exercise
- smoking, alcoholism,
- treatment with chemotherapy drugs.
Symptoms in women
Since estradiol is often called the hormone of beauty and femininity, a violation of its production primarily affects appearance, activity, and emotional state. Suspected decrease in hormone levels can be the following:
- dry skin, black spots and rashes,
- hair loss, brittle nails,
- male type hair growth - the appearance of vegetation on the chin, upper lip, chest, reducing the tone of voice,
- swelling and hypothermia (feeling cold) of the arms and legs,
- violation of the monthly cycle, the absence of menstruation for six months or more,
- pain in the mammary glands,
- a decrease in the size of the breast and uterus, a change in the contours of the figure (the shoulders become wide and the hips narrow),
- decreased libido
- frequent bone fractures, osteoporosis,
- psycho-emotional disorders, insomnia, depression.
One of the characteristic signs of low estradiol is infertility. Numerous unsuccessful attempts to get pregnant represent a significant reason to check the hormonal balance, including estradiol levels.
Symptoms of low estradiol
To save health and pregnancy planning pay attention to some symptoms, which indicate that estradiol is lowered:
- irregularity of the menstrual cycle
- painful periods and pronounced PMS,
- discomfort in the vagina (dry, burning),
- lack of desire for intimacy
- blood pressure drops,
- weight loss,
- problems with the musculoskeletal system (possible fractures, sprains).
With timely treatment, symptoms associated with female hormone deficiency disappear. In case of inattention to one’s health or late medical care, deviations lead to male body change, a violation of its reproductive function.
Reasons for lowering estradiol
In women, low estradiol is associated with many reasons:
- stressful situations
- drastic weight loss
- age after 40, when menopause begins,
- disruption of the ovaries,
- genetic disorders
- long-term use of certain drugs.
If we turn to the statistics of the birth rate of the war years, then recently there has been a sharp decline. The main reason for this phenomenon is not the absence of the male population, but the fact that during stress female gonads do not produce hormones, estradiol as well. This leads to a violation of the cycle and the impossibility of conception.
Most girls and women try to control body weight, resorting to all sorts of diets. Their choices of diets for fast weight loss lead to serious violations of metabolic processes. Against a background of reduced estradiol, women experience a deterioration in their general condition, the cycle is disturbed, and pregnancy does not occur.
With age In the female body, reduced estradiol is the norm. Its deficiency is associated with the cessation of ovarian activity, dysfunction and replacement of the tissues of the sex glands. Women should perceive this phenomenon as a natural physiological process, and prepare for it psychologically. Together with climacteric changes, osteoporosis can develop, problems with arterial pressure arise.
Any diseases of the female genital glands cause a violation of hormone production. Estradiol deficiency is more often associated with known syndromes:
- depleted ovaries
- resistant ovaries.
The causes of these phenomena are not fully understood even with the current level of development of medicine. The state when estradiol is lowered for a long time against the background of these syndromes often leads to infertility. With the help of drug therapy, the menstrual cycle is restored, but conception is possible only with the use of donor cells.
Violations at the genetic level can not be treated and cause irreversible changes in the woman's body:
- no menstrual bleeding,
- the inability to conceive a child
- restructuring the male type.
The only solution is hormone therapy, but it is aimed only at maintaining the health of a woman.
Estradiol and motherhood
The “most feminine” hormone is extremely important not so much for attractive woman's appearancehow much for its reproductive function. If level estradiol is below normal, the probability of getting pregnant and carrying out the child is negligible. Even with the onset of pregnancy with a lack of estradiol, there is a high risk of self-abortion.
The hormone takes part in the formation of the placenta, controls the condition of the uterus, and ensures the normal circulation of the organs of the small pelvis. The coagulability of blood depends on the availability of this hormone, which is extremely important for the prevention of bleeding during childbirth.
Low estradiol and conception
The concentration of the female hormone in the blood varies greatly, depending on the phase of the menstrual cycle, the health status of the woman and even the time of day. The highest level is expressed at the time of follicle maturation. For a woman's body, this is a signal that you need to prepare for conception.
This hormonal signal enters the brain, which instructs the pituitary gland to actively synthesize lutenizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating (FSH)which launch the reproductive system into active work.
At the maximum concentration of LH and FSH, the follicle is torn, and the mature egg, ready for fertilization, comes out and moves to the uterus. With a low concentration of the hormone, the follicle is not broken, and the process of fertilization of the egg is impossible.
The purpose of the triple test
This is a mandatory study of the blood of a pregnant woman between the 15th and 20th week, which is carried out in order to identify possible pathologies and genetic abnormalities in the unborn child. Triple test It has this name because the concentration of three important substances is determined:
- AFP - alpha fetoprotein,
- HCG - chronic human gonadotropin,
- EZ - free estriol.
Deviation from the norm of AFP may indicate the presence of Down syndrome in a child, disorders in the development of physiological systems. The change in hCG downward (as low progesterone) may be evidence of threatened abortion, fetal death, non-developing pregnancy. Lowered EZ indicates a threat of miscarriage, intrauterine infection, anemia in the fetus, impaired physical development of the unborn child.
A woman should be attentive to symptoms that may indicate low levels of estradiol. Low concentration of this hormone can lead to irreversible changes in the woman's body and permanently deprive her of the opportunity to become a mother.
The main causes of estradiol deficiency in women
The causes of low estradiol in women do not always imply the presence of any dangerous disease. However, it’s still worth defining them, since a violation of the secretion of the hormone leads to very undesirable consequences, one of which is the inability of the egg to fertilize.
The reasons that estradiol can be significantly reduced in women are often associated with:
- inflammatory diseases of the uterus, ovaries, appendages,
- problems with sexual development in adolescent girls,
- impaired functioning of the pituitary gland (especially with pituitary ganosis or dwarfism),
- hyperprolactinemia, which can be caused by various pathological processes.
Estradiol below normal is also common in women who have undergone or continue to undergo a course of chemotherapy. The medications used for this purpose are too aggressively affecting the body, which leads to the inhibition of the hormone-producing functions of various organs and systems.
If estradiol is lowered in the follicular phase, it is important to assess the degree of reduction in its level. The fact is that this phase of the menstrual cycle itself is accompanied by minimal indicators of this hormonal element.
With numbers that do not go beyond 57 to 227 picomoles per liter of blood, there is nothing to worry about. But if the figures fall below these figures, it is necessary to immediately investigate the causes of the deviation. Often they are rooted in a powerful hormonal imbalance that can occur under the influence of various external and internal factors. Only a competent specialist can understand the cause of hypoestrogenism in women.
There are a number of relatively safe reasons why the hormone estradiol in women is significantly reduced. If we eliminate or at least reduce their effects on the body, the hormonal balance will quickly return to normal. These include:
- Long-term use of COC, or long-term use of intrauterine devices (IUD). The constant flow of synthetic hormones into the blood leads to a gradual inhibition of their production by the body. That is why low estradiol is a frequent occurrence in women taking COCI.
- Hard diets. Serious restrictions on food, especially protein, lead to hormonal disorders. In this case, not only estradiol decreases - hormones such as FSH, LH, prolactin, etc., also suffer.
- Bad habits. Smoking, alcohol abuse, use of psychotropic substances - all these factors adversely affect the work of the brain. They lead to oxygen starvation and disruption of the secretion of hormones, as a result of which their levels decrease or increase (in rare cases).
Note. Estradiol is also reduced in women who prefer vegetarianism or raw food. Whatever it was, and animal proteins are also important for the normal functioning of the body, so they can not be neglected in any case!
The situation when estradiol is reduced in women after 40 years may indicate a premature onset of menopause. The decrease in hormone parameters in patients during menopause is the physiological norm. At this time, the production of estrogen decreases, therefore, estradiol becomes less.
Low estradiol in pregnant women
Especially dangerous is reduced estradiol during pregnancy, since this hormone is responsible for the formation of the placenta and the provision of normal blood circulation in it. A sharp drop in hormone levels in future mothers may indicate a threat of premature termination of pregnancy. Because of this, the patient must be under the constant supervision of a physician.
Symptoms of low estradiol in women
If estradiol is reduced in women, such a deviation cannot go unnoticed. First of all, there are violations in the reproductive system. The possibility of fertilization of the egg is significantly reduced. Even if conception occurs, the patient will have a high probability of miscarriage during the first trimester.
But such a violation affects not only the possibility of becoming pregnant. Low levels of estradiol in women are also accompanied by the following symptoms:
- frequent shifts in the menstrual cycle,
- severe pain during menstruation,
- severe dryness or burning in the vaginal mucosa,
- reduce sexual desire
- feeling lack of strength
- quick fatigue.
These are not all the symptoms of low estradiol in women. In addition to the ailments described above, patients with a deficiency of this hormone may complain of:
- frequent bouts of migraine,
- a sharp decrease in body weight
- jumps in blood pressure, when its increase is suddenly lifted off by a sharp drop in the tonometer's indicators.
One of the characteristic symptoms of low estradiol in women is the tendency to frequent fractures. With a shortage of this substance, the bone tissue becomes fragile, because of which even relatively minor injuries can cause a violation of its integrity.
Important! A good reason for contacting a gynecologist and testing for estradiol is the absence of menstruation for several menstrual cycles. This is especially necessary if a woman plans to become a mother in the near future.
Especially clearly manifested symptoms that estradiol is reduced in women during pregnancy planning. The inability to conceive a child may not yet be a consequence of the development of secondary infertility, but it should already alert the patient and make her visit her gynecologist.
If the blood test reveals that FSH is increased, and estradiol is lowered, this will be the main reason for not being able to get pregnant. Increased follicle-stimulating hormone negatively affects the maturation of the egg, and against the background of a decrease in the level of estradiol, this process is only aggravated. Therefore, before planning conception, the patient will need to undergo therapy to normalize hormonal levels.
Features of the treatment of hypoestrogenism
How to increase estradiol in a woman's body? This can be done in several ways:
- using hormone therapy
- by adjusting the lifestyle,
- with the help of folk remedies.
Treatment of low estradiol in women with the last two methods is a long process. In addition, they help only if the deviation was not caused by the presence of any pathologies.
Low estradiol in women sometimes requires hormone therapy. At the same time used drugs, containing estrogen. They not only normalize hormones, but also eliminate failures in the menstrual cycle and remove the signs of PMS.
Preparations for increasing estradiol in women are prescribed exclusively by a gynecologist. Self-admission can cause more serious health problems, so it’s best not to risk it.
Increasing estradiol naturally
How to increase estradiol in women naturally? First of all, you need to radically revise your lifestyle. For a start, it is important to abandon a rigid diet aimed at weight loss.
The second rule is to exclude any attempts to take hormonal contraceptives without prior consultation with a gynecologist. If a woman wants to avoid an unplanned pregnancy, then the problem should be solved only by a competent specialist.
Good nutrition helps to cope with the situation when estradiol is reduced in a woman. With this deviation, it is mandatory to include it in the daily menu:
- cereals and cereals,
- dairy products
- coffee (in moderation).
This is not a complete list of products that increase estradiol in women. It can also include soybeans, flaxseeds, nuts. Be sure to eat products enriched with protein: meat, eggs, seafood, cheese, fish.
Note. A less useful product that contributes to an increase in the concentration of this hormone in the blood is beer. But if you use it in small quantities and infrequently, then it will not cause any harm.
How to increase estradiol in women folk remedies? Excellent help to establish a hormonal background medicinal plants. To this end, you can drink decoctions and infusions:
- licorice root,
- lime heart-shaped,
As you can see, to increase the level of estradiol in women is possible without medication. But if the reason for its decline lies in diseases, without its elimination, the effectiveness of the methods listed above will be short-lived. That is why it is impossible to neglect the advice of a competent specialist. Timely treatment to the doctor gives all the chances for full recovery, and prevents the occurrence of serious complications!
The main purpose of the hormone is to prepare the female body for a future pregnancy. Thus, it is responsible for the maturation of the egg, the state of the uterus, a beneficial effect on the state of the blood, improving its clotting.
It has an impact on the female figure, the condition of the skin. So, one of the symptoms of low estradiol is precisely the loss of the skin’s previous elasticity, its premature aging.
In women, follicle growth occurs due to the influence of follicle-stimulating hormone. In men, he is responsible for the maturation of sperm. Too high FSH and low hormone estradiol is a sign of pathologies: diseases of the ovaries, their underdevelopment, pituitary tumors.
Such a condition can cause scarce menstruation in women, as well as cause infertility and have a negative impact on the reproductive system as a whole. The reasons that caused this “behavior” of hormones may be hidden in polycystic ovaries or be provoked by obesity or genetic diseases (Shershevsky-Turner syndrome).
Causes of Estradiol Reduction
The factors that result in hormonal failure, in particular, reduced estradiol, are caused by hereditary predisposition, working conditions. For example, hard physical labor and the use of oral contraceptives can provoke a strong imbalance of hormones: both increase and decrease their level in the body.
In addition, women who have entered menopausal age, who often drink alcohol, and practice a vegetarian diet or a hard fat free diet are susceptible to hormonal malfunction.
Chemotherapy courses, inflammatory processes in the genital area, and some other diseases, such as polycystic ovary, can lower the concentration of the hormone. Low levels of estradiol are diagnosed in girls with delayed sexual development.
Before prescribing treatment, the doctor must establish the true cause of the hormonal imbalance in the body, take into account the lifestyle and history of the patient.
Symptoms of low estradiol
Low estradiol in women causes many symptoms, which greatly simplifies the task of the attending physician - based on them, you can make an unmistakable diagnosis. So, patients begin to notice the following manifestations:
- severe swelling
- constant fatigue
- irritability, frequent changes in mood,
- hair starts to fall out
- skin becomes dry and less elastic,
- the menstrual cycle is characterized by irregularity,
- sexual desire is markedly reduced.
Some patients with the above diagnosis have unstable chest pains. Others are worried about insomnia, showing different signs of aging. If you do not restore the balance of hormones in time, the female body, in particular, its reproductive system, can seriously suffer.
It is necessary to take into account the fact that every woman has symptoms in different ways. Thus, in some patients, only severe pains during menstruation and irregular menstruation are observed, while others note a sharp deterioration in mood without a cause, changes in the skin, etc.
How to treat
To increase the hormone in the body in several ways. If you follow the recommendations of the doctor, then not only medications will help in this situation, much depends on the patient's lifestyle.
First of all, every woman should look after her health. It is necessary to give up bad habits and improve the nutrition system. Plant hormones (phytoestrogens) are present in many foods. Doctors recommend eating more fruits, vegetables, grains and dairy foods.
Additionally, you can ask for help to some means of traditional medicine. If the hormone in the body continues to decline, you need to use the infusion or tea from sage, chamomile, ginseng. It will be useful to add to your diet soybeans, nuts, flax seeds.
We'll have to say goodbye to hard diets. Eat properly: several times a day in small portions. Food should be healthy and consist of lean meat, seafood, dairy basket. It is highly undesirable to eat pasta and bread.
If test results indicate that estradiol is lowered, the doctor usually prescribes drugs that contain this hormone in a certain amount.
Most of the drugs are universal, for example, estrofem or estraderm solution, because they not only restore hormonal balance, but also have a beneficial effect on the menstrual cycle, improving it, and are also able to eliminate the diseases that caused a decrease in the hormone level in the body.
Preparations do an excellent job with polycystosis, are used in case of perenosheniya child, and can also be prescribed for women who have a family weakness. Such medicines are prescribed exclusively by the doctor based on the patient's condition. It is not recommended to self-medicate with their help.
If the drugs are ineffective, the doctor will prescribe a comprehensive examination and select a treatment aimed at combating the disease that caused low levels of the hormone, such as a cancer.
Every woman should clearly monitor the signals of her body, exclude or treat pathology in time, especially if it comes to planning a child. Regular consultations and examinations at the gynecologist, independent observations - all this will help to avoid many problems in the future and preserve reproductive health.
Low levels of estradiol in women can be triggered by an abnormal lifestyle, as well as certain diseases of the reproductive system. The symptoms that then manifest make it possible to carry out the necessary diagnostic procedures, make an unmistakable diagnosis and prescribe appropriate treatment.
Normal estradiol levels are primarily dependent on age. It also matters at what phase of the menstrual cycle the analysis was taken. Stress and poor diet can affect hormone production to a great extent.
At a very early age, immediately after birth, girls have no hormone at all. After, already at preschool age, the sex glands begin to work, and the level of the substance in the girl's body already reaches 20-22 pg / ml. When the girl reaches adolescence and her period begins, the estradiol rate will already be from 220 to 470 pg / ml.
What are the causes of low estradiol in women?
There are a lot of reasons for this, we list the main ones:
- The reason may be delayed sexual development in adolescence.
- Exhausting and very heavy exercise.
- Violation of the pituitary gland.
- Improper functioning of the endocrine system (symptoms in this case will be abnormal prolactin levels in the blood and dwarfism).
- The most common cause is inflammation in the reproductive organs and pelvic organs.
- Wrong diet, fasting.
- With a sharp weight loss.
- Smoking and alcoholism.
- Contraceptive drugs.
- With the passage of drug treatment.
- During pregnancy, a low number may indicate a threatened miscarriage.
- Shershevsky's syndrome - Turner.
- Polycystic ovary.
Pregnant women should closely monitor the level of estradiol. If there is a decrease in the concentration of this hormone, it can lead to disruption of the blood supply to the placenta. For this reason, the baby will receive less oxygen, which can cause abnormalities in the development of the fetus and even lead to an abortion (miscarriage).
Be sure to watch this very interesting edition of the popular program on our topic:
At the earliest gestational age, the concentration of the hormone may slightly decrease. If a woman feels good, then you do not need to pay attention to this - this is the norm. More details about normal hormone levels during pregnancy are discussed weekly here in our separate article on this topic.
Symptoms of low estradiol in women
These symptoms are easily distinguishable and it is really difficult not to notice them. When a hormonal disorder occurs, the skin gets worse first. The skin will be dry, elasticity will decrease, hair will start to fall out. In rare cases, hair loss may be focal, or vice versa, the hair will begin to grow in unexpected places, like in men (hirsutism). In addition to this, limbs may swell.
Naturally, the menstrual cycle will be broken. It will be irregular. There will be irritability, constant fatigue, sharp drops in mood and a decrease in sexual activity. The chest starts to hurt and insomnia may appear. There will be severe pain in the lower abdomen during the premenstrual period and during menstruation. Sweating, headache, and an increase in heart rate can also occur.
При проблемах с зачатием ребенка и бесплодии (беременность не наступает в течение года) зачастую виноват пониженный эстрадиол, врачи обязательно назначат гормональный анализ при жалобах на отсутствие беременности долгое время. The condition of the bones is also under threat if the hormone is lowered. The risk of fractures increases due to declining bone density (osteoporosis).
In men, a decrease in estradiol may be a symptom of the development of prostatitis, tumors in the testicles, or problems with the liver, possibly even developing cirrhosis.
Why is the rate increased?
The reasons for the high rate are no less serious than at a reduced level. High estradiol may indicate dangerous pathologies and diseases developing in the body.
Among the reasons are:
- cirrhosis of the liver,
- violation of the thyroid gland,
- oncology of the mammary glands or ovaries,
- the hormone may increase due to the long-term use of oral contraceptives, anticonvulsant or antifungal drugs (it happens the other way around, taking these medicines lowers the hormone).
The symptoms of high estradiol are very similar to those at a reduced level. Hair can fall out, chronic fatigue and lethargy appear, the menstrual cycle can be disturbed, the mood changes dramatically, the skin becomes dry and loses its elasticity.
How to check the hormones?
To diagnose the concentration of estradiol in the blood, blood is taken from a vein for analysis. For the result to be accurate for analysis, you need to properly prepare. Children under 1 year old are not recommended to eat half an hour before the start of the study. Adults do not eat for 3 hours before analysis. You can drink water. If the patient is being treated by an endocrinologist, with the permission of the attending physician, it is necessary to temporarily stop taking hormonal drugs two days before the analysis. Be sure to eliminate stress and exercise the day before the study. Smoke before analysis can not be 3 hours.
Women should be tested from the 4th or 5th day of the menstrual cycle. In addition to the basic analysis, a blood test should also be done; it should be done in about three weeks. The final decision on what scheme and how many times you need to donate blood is taken by the attending physician.
How can I increase estradiol?
If according to test results, estradiol indicators are below normal, it should be normalized. To increase the concentration of the hormone to normal values can be resorted to hormone replacement therapy. Often, doctors prescribe drugs based on plants that contain vegetable estrogens (phytoestrogens).
This famous program tells you how to take phytoestrogens:
A necessary set of phytoestrogens have hops, sage and clover. In addition to the drug course, you need to normalize the daily routine and adjust the diet. Refusal of diets at the time of treatment is obligatory, protein foods, grains, vegetables and fruits should be present in the food.
Need to get rid of bad habits. Start playing sports. Sport should not be worn out, it can be a regular hour walk in the park, the main thing is to do it regularly (a couple of times a week).
It is imperative to monitor the level of the hormone and periodically check it with the help of analyzes. The analysis can be taken in the clinic free of charge or in a private laboratory. The cost of analysis on average is 500-600 rubles, plus blood collection of 100 rubles. In addition, you need to carefully treat the signals that the body sends. If there are symptoms of a decrease or increase in estradiol, you should immediately go to the hospital.
Special attention and control of hormone levels should be given not only to pregnant women, but also those who are just planning and preparing for pregnancy. Low estradiol makes normal childbearing impossible, and conception is very long and difficult.
To overcome infertility with IVF, doctors pay special attention to studying and correcting this hormone. With low estradiol during IVF, hormonal training and stimulation of superovulation are prescribed.
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What is the hormone estradiol?
Estradiol - a hormone of femininity, beauty and reproductive function should be balanced. Any violation is fraught with consequences: the occurrence of unhealthy conditions and diseases. A hormone deficiency or hypoestradiolemia is a disorder that requires immediate investigation and treatment.
In women and young girls, the level of concentration of estradiol in the blood is directly dependent on menstruation.
The first phase of menstruation (follicular) is characterized by such indicators from 12, 5 to 350 pg / ml.
The end of the phase, the highest peak before ovulation, is accompanied by a sharp increase in estradiol from 86 to a possible 750 pg / ml.
The second (luteal) phase is indicative of a decrease in the hormone from 30 to 450 pg / ml. When pregnancy occurs, the luteal phase shows an increase in estradiol until delivery
Symptoms of estradiol reduction
When estradiol is lowered symptoms are present:
- chronic fatigue, instability of psycho-emotional state, disturbing sleep,
- swelling of organs
- hair loss, excessive dry skin, brittle nails,
- disruption of the menstrual process, unstable chest pain.
Causes of Low Estradiol
The reasons for reducing estradiol can be hereditary diseases or the underdevelopment of individual organs, working and living conditions, medications taken. Possible reasons may be the following:
- Long-term use of oral contraceptives. Contraceptives can both reduce and increase the amount of the hormone.
- The use of drugs for chemotherapy.
- Carbohydrate diets, vegetarianism, raw foods.
- Hard physical work.
- Inflammation of the genitals.
- Delayed sexual development.
- Risk of miscarriage.
- Disruption of the endocrine gland - the pituitary (the development of pathology pituitary nanism or dwarfism).
- Smoking, alcoholism.
- The state of testicular hypofunction - underdevelopment of male sexual characteristics
- Violation of the content of the hormone prolactin in the blood - hyperprolactinemia.
How to increase estradiol in a natural way?
Estradiol plant is present in many foods and herbs. The richest in estradiol: cereals, bran, legumes, dairy products, fruits, vegetables, coffee, beer. A lot of estradiol in soybeans, flax seeds, nuts. Herbs: sage, hops, ginseng, chamomile linden, licorice are the keepers of estradiol. Their these herbs can make tea, make tincture or decoction.
It is important to understand that diets must be abandoned. It is necessary to eat fully, getting all the necessary substances. Protein food of animal origin should prevail: meat, seafood, red fish, eggs, cheese, milk. It is necessary, it is possible and useful to refuse bread, cereal, macaroni.
When estradiol is lowered, the doctor should prescribe the treatment. This is hormone therapy. Her choice is extremely large: pills, gels, sprays, injections. Find a convenient way to be easy. Be sure to pay attention to such a nuance. The fact is that a rich sexual life significantly affects the level of estradiol. The corresponding conclusion is obvious.