Temperature during the menstrual cycle: what is the rate for menstruation, can it rise in the first days?


From the moment of the arrival of the first menstruation to the cessation of the reproductive function, the female body experiences constant fluctuations in the level of hormones. In addition to premenstrual syndrome, debilitating in the second phase of the cycle, there may be ailments after the start of regulation. Often a woman has a temperature during menstruation.

Causes of increased body temperature

No need to worry if the temperature during the month comes to 37.4 ºС in the first 2-3 days of the cycle. Monthly with temperature - this is normal for the vast majority of women.

The temperature during menstruation is due to blood loss and general dehydration. The reason for the increase in menstruation may be associated with a malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract caused by eating disorders during the ICP period. A woman could eat unusual foods that contributed to diarrhea.

The temperature may rise in the evening. This is due to the general fatigue of the body, which occurs as a result of the imposition of daytime stress on physiological malaise. If the indicators rise during menstruation for several cycles, write down the values ​​in the women's health diary and discuss the symptoms with your doctor.

A sharp rise in temperature during menstruation above 37.5 ºC may indicate gynecological inflammatory processes or a general disease. In this case, you should consult a doctor and undergo a comprehensive examination to determine the reason why the body temperature rises.

A value greater than 38 ºС is a reason to call a doctor or emergency room. Perhaps the exacerbation of chronic disease coincided with the onset of menstruation.

You can also observe an increase in temperature before menstruation, so we recommend that you read additional information on this topic.

Basal Temperature Measurement

Women planning a pregnancy can measure the basal temperature for several cycles (the lowest that occurs immediately after waking up if the duration of sleep exceeds a three-hour minimum). To do this, use the same thermometer, because the error between different devices can be a few tenths of a degree.

The most accurate values ​​can be obtained by measuring in the rectum. Measurements should be done without getting out of bed, without making unnecessary movements. In advance, leave the thermometer in the near access. It is necessary to record the results and make notes about events that could affect the dynamics of changes.

Evening sexual contact can cause an increase in temperature values. The body will return to normal only 12–14 hours after coitus.

Temperature fluctuations within one cycle allow you to track all its phases. By the time of ovulation, the basal values ​​increase, and during the release of the egg, they jump.

Over the next day, the temperature level is maintained, and in the last days of the cycle begins to decline.

During menstruation, the body rejects unused tissue. If during menstruation the temperature does not subside, this may indicate a deficiency of the corpus luteum, which refers to hormonal disorders.

If a woman for some reason does not use contraceptives, she can use this information to calculate sterile days, but this method does not give a high guarantee of protection from unwanted conception.

The dynamics of the graph is normal

Monthly schedule can help identify the causes of violations of the cycle. Starting measurements is necessary from the beginning of menstruation.

The first 6 days values ​​should be stable, deviation of 0.1 ºС is allowed. It is necessary to mark on the chart a horizontal line at this level. For 1–2 days prior to ovulation, the line is “dropping out”, after which the indicators should increase by 0.5 ± 0.1 ° С. This indicates the release of the egg.

In the following days, the basal temperature rises or remains steadily high. 3-5 days before the onset of critical days, a decrease of 0.1 degrees per day occurs.

Dynamics of graphics in diseases

Indicators of basal temperature deviate from the norm in case of a general disease.

When hormonal deficiency values ​​differ from normal throughout the menstrual cycle. Hormonal disorders prevent pregnancy.

Measurement diary, coupled with ultrasound and analysis of hormone levels will identify the deviation and correct it.

What temperature should churn

High temperature during menstruation may be due to a huge number of diseases. For the diagnosis it is necessary to consider the nature of the accompanying symptoms.

If, against the background of a sharp rise in temperature, a woman notes respiratory phenomena, it may be a sign of influenza or ARVI. Indicators exceeding 38.2 ºС can be observed in acute diarrhea, food poisoning, surgical diseases of the abdominal cavity, and many other acute pathologies.

It is necessary to take antipyretic drugs if the thermometer readings exceeded 38.5 ºС, otherwise complications may occur, accompanied by delusions and hallucinations. A further increase in the values ​​can cause coagulation of the blood protein.

Which of the diseases struck the female body, the doctor can find out.

Anxiety symptoms and reason to contact a gynecologist

When the body gives an alarm, you need to listen to the state of women's health and to observe the state of health. Body temperature during menstruation serves as a guide to health.

Monthly elevated temperature at monthly to 37.4 degrees is a variant of the norm. A sharp jump in body temperature can be the first sign of a serious illness.

During menstruation, the internal genitals are open to infection. Lack of hygiene, non-compliance with the terms of using a tampon or sex on critical days can lead to inflammation of the pelvic organs.

If the temperature starts to rise and exceeds the level of 37.5 degrees, it is necessary to pay attention to the presence of other symptoms. The unpleasant smell of discharge can be caused by inflammation or venereal diseases. Nausea, diarrhea, abdominal cramps and pain may require specific treatment. To make a diagnosis, you need to sign up for a consultation with a gynecologist, exclude or confirm diseases of the sexual sphere and get referral to other specialists.

What happens in a woman's body during menstruation?

Every month a woman's body prepares for possible fertilization. This increases the production of the main hormone of pregnancy - progesterone, which changes the structure of the outer layer of the endometrium, preparing the uterus for implantation of a fertilized egg. If the pregnancy does not occur, the concentration of progesterone decreases, and the level of prostaglandin, on the contrary, increases.

7-10 days before the beginning of the new cycle, the corpus luteum stops functioning and collapses, the level of progesterone decreases, the development of a new follicle begins. Then the menstruation begins. At this time, the small vessels of the endometrium burst, and an unfertilized egg, together with a detached mucous layer in the form of bloody clots, leaves the uterus.

From the first days of the cycle, the follicles begin to mature in the ovaries, one of which subsequently becomes dominant and, reaching its maturity, breaks and releases a mature egg. Then there is a re-growth of the endometrium and the formation of the yellow body.

What temperature indicators are considered the norm and deviation?

Doctors associate a similar situation with the fact that a woman loses a large amount of blood and fluid. In addition, she is experiencing stress, so the body can respond to the onset of menstruation with weakness, headache, and fever up to 37.2 ° C. Many gynecologists are convinced that a regular increase in temperature indicators to 37.2 ° C on menstruation days is just an individual reaction of the organism.

Basal temperature

Basal temperature is the lowest body temperature. BT is usually measured after a night's sleep. In some cases, doctors recommend that patients record basal temperature indicators throughout the cycle. According to the dynamics of BT, it is possible to identify hormonal failure, infectious diseases and many other disruptions in the reproductive system.

If the woman is healthy, the growth of BT begins in the ovulation period. Indicators 37.1-37.4 ° C can hold up to the beginning of the menstrual cycle. A few days before the onset of bleeding, the temperature drops to 0.1-0.3 ° C, continuing to decline with each passing day. If BT in the first days of the cycle does not decrease, but grows, this indicates the following pathologies:

  • Endometritis. In this case, the BT rises to 37.5-38 ° C, but at the same time, the total temperature does not change.
  • Spontaneous abortion in the early period. There are cases when a woman has a miscarriage before the delay of menstruation. Pathological termination of pregnancy is accompanied by bleeding and a rise in temperature of up to 37.5 degrees, so they can be easily confused with menstrual flow.
  • Inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs. Inflammation in the cervix and fallopian tubes may be accompanied by an increase in BT.

The reasons for the increase in temperature during menstruation

If a woman has a fever during menstruation, it is urgent to consult a doctor. The reasons that can trigger a change in temperature indicators include:

  • Relapse of chronic diseases. In the first days of the cycle in the female body, some chronic diseases can be exacerbated, which are accompanied by a change in temperature indicators, as well as pulling pain in the lower abdomen or lower back.
  • The onset of menopause. Early menopause is a fairly common occurrence. It is often preceded by a regular rise in temperature during menstruation, sweating, and hot flushes.
  • Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system. During the period of menstruation, the body becomes very vulnerable to the penetration of pathogens that enter through the dilated cervix. For this reason, gynecologists recommend that women carefully observe hygiene, avoid public restrooms, and regularly change the pads or tampons.
  • Disruption of the bowel. During menstruation, women may experience diarrhea, nausea, bloating. In the first place, this indicates a malnutrition or abuse of certain foods.

Possible concomitant symptoms

Pain in the first days of menstruation is a natural phenomenon caused by contractions of the uterus. However, it should be remembered that the pain during menstruation should be tolerable. Acute pain syndrome can be alleviated with painkillers. If severe pain during menstruation is repeated constantly, you should consult a doctor.

During menstruation, a woman may also have other manifestations other than pain and fever. The accompanying symptoms include headache, general weakness, drowsiness, nervousness, sleep disturbance, etc.

How to alleviate the condition?

How to alleviate the condition of women with menstruation? It all depends on the lifestyle of a woman these days. To eliminate the discomfort during menstruation, experts recommend that you observe the following rules:

  • Reduce physical activity, otherwise blood flow to the pelvic organs will only increase.
  • Exclude access to the sauna and bath. An abrupt change in temperature affects blood circulation. In addition, in the days of menstruation the risk of infection increases, so swimming in public places is better to exclude. All hygiene procedures should be carried out under a warm shower.
  • Do not drink alcohol. Under their influence in the female body increases blood flow.
  • Do not eat fast food and new foods. The digestive system is acutely responsive to a change in diet during menstruation.
  • Be sure to use a condom during sexual intercourse due to the high risk of infection.
  • Do not take drugs that increase blood flow or thin the blood. During menstruation, it is better for women to refuse Aspirin, which will increase bleeding.

In what cases it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor?

For most women, menstruation days are not accompanied by severe pain and an increase in temperature. An urgent need to consult a specialist when:

  • a sharp increase in temperature without a corresponding reaction of the body to antipyretic drugs,
  • the increase in pain,
  • severe bleeding, when the change of sanitary pads occurs every hour,
  • the presence in the menstrual flow of pus,
  • symptoms of intoxication - severe vomiting, pale skin, dizziness.

Non-random metamorphosis

The temperature of the mucous membranes is called the basal temperature. With the help of basal indices, the gynecologist obtains important information regarding the patient's reproductive health. Focusing on the basal indicators, the specialist will easily calculate whether you have ovulation. Increasing sensitive indicators "hints" to the lady that critical days are approaching.

Some girls ask how to measure the temperature of the mucous membranes. For this purpose, you need to put a thermometer in your mouth or in the vagina. There is another proven way to measure “delicate” values: the patient inserts a thermometer into the rectum. To make the indicators objective, you should measure the temperature immediately after waking up. Getting out of bed is extremely undesirable.

Before you start your period, the temperature will be 37 or 37.2. On the last day of the exciting period, the temperature will drop to the mark of "thirty-six and four."

If you keep a diary of "intimate" indicators, you will notice that this scenario is repeated monthly. Regardless of the time of year. Why it happens? A fever is a response to the hormonal metamorphoses that accompany every ovulation and menstruation.

"Tricks" of hormones

The body of the girls and the ladies are very dependent on hormones. After the end of menstruation, the temperature of most patients is low. If you follow the rectal parameters, you will see that in the quiet phase of the cycle, the thermometer does not rise above thirty-six and six degrees.

Shortly before the onset of critical days, the female sex glands begin to diligently produce the hormone progesterone. Under his influence, all the organs and systems of the representatives of the beautiful half of humanity operate in a special "mode". The woman is ovulating. The whole organism, all the processes occurring in it, as if "revolve" around the potential conception. During the period of ovulation, the temperature can rise to a value of 37.2 C and above. Two to three days before the start of menstrual discharge, rectal values ​​will be at thirty-seven degrees. To the ovaries and uterus intensively rushes blood, which affects the general well-being of women.

If critical days are delayed, and the temperature does not change, it is possible that conception has occurred. "Failures" in the menstrual cycle can also be caused by significant stress, a sharp change in climatic conditions.

What is considered a disturbing sign?

Rectal indicators at the level of thirty-seven degrees at the beginning of menstruation - the normal state. If you meticulously measure the “delicate” temperature, you will see that on the last day of the menstrual flow, the temperature drops to thirty-six and five.

Each menstrual cycle is accompanied by the above-mentioned temperature fluctuations. If you do not feel strong pains, weaknesses, vomiting does not exhaust you, you should not worry.

You need to be wary of discomforts:

  • Nausea, vomiting.
  • Fainting.
  • Rezi with each urination.
  • Significant increase in pulse rate.
  • Lethargy, apathy.
  • Noticeable blanching of the skin.
  • Aching pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Pain in the legs.

What troubles can there be?

As already mentioned, the change in temperature indicators at the onset of “delicate” days is a common phenomenon. But it also happens that the basal temperature rises to thirty-eight degrees, the woman is in a fever. The volume of menstrual flow can be significantly, or vice versa - more than usual.

We list the ailments to which such changes in well-being may indicate:

  1. The inflammatory process that captures the uterine lining. In medicine, the disease is called endometriosis.
  2. Inflammation of the appendages.
  3. Genitourinary infection.

Discomfort and pain in intimate areas, accompanied by chills and weakness - a signal that you need specialist help. Do not prescribe antipyretic drugs yourself. So you can only add to the body of problems.

"Shalit" intestines?

Some patients are faced with a situation where the temperature "jumps" sharply. If the beginning of critical days is accompanied by an increase in the basal indices (to a value of 37.3 or higher), this indicates that not all is well in the body. Нередко женщин мучают боли в животе, тошнота, диарея. Неужели во всём виноваты особенные дни?

Not always elevated rectal rates talk about problems in a feminine way. Sometimes critical days indirectly create the preconditions for trouble. It is known that many girls change their gastronomic preferences before “these” days. The patient can eat plenty of pickled cucumbers, smoked meat. Some girls with irresistible force begins to pull on sugary carbonated drinks. Continuing errors in the diet often becomes intestinal inflammation. If you suspect that stool disorder and fever are caused by your recent gastronomic experiments, you should visit a therapist.

The main thing - do not let your health flow

It is worth guarding if, before menstruation, your basal indicators do not rise above thirty-six degrees. You may be pregnant, and the fetus is in danger. For any suspicious conditions, it is useful to consult a doctor.

How normal is that

For the first time, an increase in basal temperature (that is, one that is optimal, and measured immediately after sleep) during menstruation was noted as early as the 18th century. It rises not only during active vaginal discharge, but in front of them. The decrease in the thermometer is noted at the end of the critical days.

The main causes of this phenomenon, which are considered by many specialists to be normal, are in the peculiarities of the functioning of the endocrine system and the ovaries in a given period of a woman’s life. This concerns not only hormonal changes, but also an increase in blood flow to the appendages.

Before the onset of menstruation, the ovaries begin to be supplied with hot, oxygen-rich and beneficial elements. This is part of preparing the body for a possible pregnancy. Because of this, the temperature may rise, but only slightly. With the passage of menstruation, the amount of oxygen in the blood decreases, chemical processes slow down. There is a decrease in BT, stabilized hormones. The organism enters the normal mode of functioning until the next critical days.

It is important to understand that a normal phenomenon means a slight increase in temperature - up to about 37-37.4 degrees.

If it is more - for example, 38 degrees, then we can talk about some kind of pathology. The same applies to cases where the temperature at 37 months, but it lasts a very long time, even the entire menstrual cycle. It is also unlikely to be associated specifically with the monthly. Accordingly, it will be necessary to look for the cause of the problem and fix it. Otherwise, the body and health of the weaker sex can seriously suffer.

Increased body temperature during menstruation

There are a lot of reasons, respectively, each must be considered separately. Some of the provoking factors are quite natural, others may indicate the presence of any pathology. Therefore, to ignore, if the thermometer rises above 37 degrees, it is not necessary.

The onset of menopause is characterized by a general deterioration of health. The most common symptoms are hot flashes, which is accompanied by fever. Also, the woman suffers from profuse sweating, especially at night. Climax can not be avoided, his presence indicates the appearance of problems with the menstrual cycle, as well as menopause.

  1. Genital infectious diseases

It is known that during menstruation the uterus expands significantly, especially with regard to its uterus. As a result, the protective mechanisms of the body are reduced. Various pathogens can easily get into the uterus, triggering an infectious inflammation. It is strongly recommended to use tampons only when necessary. It is desirable to replace them with special sanitary pads. It is also undesirable to swim in open ponds, go to the bath or sauna. The ban also applies to sex without the use of contraceptives. It is very important during this period to carefully follow the rules of personal hygiene.

  1. Gynecological diseases

Monthly lead to a weakening of the body, which affects its immune system. Against this background, chronic and hidden ailments are activated. It is they who can increase the basal body temperature. In addition, there are other unpleasant symptoms, especially in the genitals. Many women may feel nagging or cutting pains in the ovaries.

  1. Problems with the gastrointestinal tract

Menstruation, among other things, provokes a dramatic change in hormonal levels. This affects the habits of man. He often wants to eat something unusual, to which the stomach and intestines are simply not used to. Accordingly, the use of such products can lead to indigestion, and this is a direct way to increase the temperature. The solution to the problem is very simple - if your body does not tolerate one or another food that you prefer to use during critical days, you do not need to tempt fate. Revise your diet, and eat only proven food.

Fertilization of the egg does not always mean that there will not be menstruation. Often they still come, though not so abundant. Could there be a fever during pregnancy? Yes, and this is a very dangerous symptom. If this phenomenon is accompanied by pain, feel free to visit a doctor. He will confirm or deny the fact of pregnancy, as well as be able to timely identify a very dangerous pathology - ectopic pregnancy.

The reasons for the increase in temperature before menstruation and after them

The temperature at 37 is not always the first day, the second or the third. Sometimes an abnormal thermometer is observed even before the onset of menstruation, as well as after it. This almost always indicates the presence of certain problems:

  • if it lasts for all periods, as well as a certain period of time after them, this is one of the symptoms of inflammation of the uterine mucosa. This disease is called endometritis. Basal temperature rises predominantly, while the total remains within the normal range,
  • a figure in the range of 37 degrees may indicate a breakdown of the pregnancy,
  • increase in the first period of the menstrual cycle is characteristic of hormonal problems and malfunction of the ovaries,
  • a gradual increase in temperature in the second period of the menstrual cycle may indicate the unviability of the egg, its immaturity or death,
  • A sharp rise in the thermometer, up to 38 degrees, is a symptom of ovarian inflammation. In this case, the temperature can not stabilize during all periods.
  • 1-2 days before the end of active discharge, a sharp rise in basal temperature is observed. This may be a signal that not all is well with the cervix and fallopian tubes. It is likely that there is inflammation.

An important role is played by the peculiarities of the female body. It may be too sensitive to changes, especially hormonal. A woman often gets tired quickly, constantly feels tired and overwhelmed. All this directly affects the temperature rise.

How to measure basal temperature

To find out whether there are deviations from the norm, it is recommended to regularly measure the basal temperature, and for several months. It is known that the menstrual cycle has two phases - follicular and luteal. The first is characterized by low temperature, the second - high. This is normal. The transition between them is accompanied by a jump in the thermometer, but insignificant.

Measurements need to be done every day. The basal temperature will be optimal if measured immediately after sleep, because it fluctuates greatly during the day, and it will be rather difficult to find out which indicator is real. The measurement process can be different - through the mouth, vagina or rectum. The choice is up to the woman, as some ways may not be too pleasant.

The optimal time is 6-8 am. At the same time it is desirable to sleep well and calmly, no less than 5-8 hours. In the first days at the end of menstruation, the temperature drops significantly. She will begin to rise during ovulation. If the thermometer does not change throughout the entire cycle, it is almost guaranteed to indicate pregnancy.

Use to measure electronic thermometers is strongly discouraged. The best option - the classic mercury thermometers, which are able to respond to the slightest changes in body temperature. Be sure to keep an appropriate schedule, noting in it all measured indicators without exception.

In general, all of the above can be expressed in a special table:

What processes occur during menstruation

Throughout the entire menstruation cycle, the female body is intensely preparing itself for a possible pregnancy, producing for this a hormone called progesterone. But if conception did not happen, the body also begins to get rid of this hormone strenuously, producing another type of hormones - prostaglandins. They are the very harbingers of menstruation.

Vessels of the endometrium of the uterus begin to narrow, due to which its total blood supply decreases. The mucous membrane of the uterus with time is separated from it, stratified. It is her remains that can be seen in the discharge along with the blood that has accumulated as a result of the rupture of small vessels. This process is gradual: some parts of the mucous membrane with blood can come out in the first days of menstruation, others can go only under their termination, which is why the menstrual period can vary. At the same time, a new shell begins to be formed instead of the old one, thereby giving this process a recurrence.

Critical days are fraught with a number of unpleasant sensations for women:

  • nausea and fever
  • unpleasant smell of discharge
  • pain in the lower abdomen. Often women also complain of ovarian pain during menstruation. This is due to the fact that during menstruation the uterus is rapidly reduced. It is possible to cope with these painful sensations through medications, but before using them it is best to consult with your doctor.

An important guarantee of good health of every woman is hygiene. It is during the menstruation period that she should pay the most attention.

The relationship of monthly and temperature

Is fever possible during menstruation? A number of girls may experience an increase in temperature when menstruating to 37 ° C. According to experts in gynecology, there should be no reason for the girls to have it. Monthly for the body are considerable stress, because during this period he spends a lot of blood and fluids. This is what causes weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, headache.

Do not worry about the increase in temperature during menstruation in the event that it rises to a level of 37 ° C in the evening, and even after the working day. However, if the increased temperature during menstruation (37 - 38˚С) is observed throughout the day - this already serves as an occasion to undergo a consultation with a doctor, which will help to deal with why the body manifests itself in this way.

The reasons for the possible increase in temperature

Experts identify the following most common cases of fever during the menstrual cycle:

  • Inflammatory processes in the intestine. It happens that menstruation is accompanied by diarrhea or constipation. Usually the reason for this - the wrong food in a given period of time. Changing hormonal levels often leads to a strong desire to eat something special. It does not always have the liking of the intestines, which leads to inflammation. This is normal.
  • Urogenital system infections. The period of menstruation - the very time to pick up the infection is the easiest. The cervix opens in this period much stronger, which allows undesirable bacteria to settle freely inside, thereby causing considerable damage to the woman. It is very important to avoid public toilets and public bathing places at this time, sex should be protected, gaskets should be changed on a schedule.

  • The onset of early menopause. Early menopause is characterized by symptoms such as excessive sweating, a significant increase in temperature during menstruation, and tides also begin to appear.
  • Diseases of the reproductive system. With menstruation, the body becomes significantly weaker and, if there are already some chronic or hidden diseases in gynecology, during this period they can make themselves felt with increased probability, causing nagging or cutting pains in the lower abdomen.
  • Pregnancy as a significant cause of increased temperature. It will not be superfluous to take the test, and if the answer is positive, you should immediately go to the doctor for a checkup.

Change in basal temperature during menstruation

Why can basal temperature increase during menstruation? Basal temperature (BT) refers to the lowest body temperature. It is established when a person rests for a long time. It is measured most often immediately after waking up, without getting out of bed.

BT is a kind of health mirror for women; it is for her that a good doctor can determine with confidence whether there are inflammatory processes in the girl’s body, hormonal disorders, or reproductive problems.

What is the basal temperature during menstruation? In its ideal state it should rise to the levels of 37 - 37.5 ° C and remain stable from the beginning of ovulation to the middle of the month. Basal temperature after menstruation should quickly go down to normal. However, quite often there are opposite situations.

Reasons for increasing BT:

  • Inflammatory process of appendages. It is possible if with the onset of menstruation BT has increased dramatically and remains so throughout the entire period of discharge, not lower than the level of 37 ° C.
  • Diseases endometriosis or endometritis. A signal of such diseases is a sharp increase in BT on the day of the beginning of the menstruation period up to the level of 37.5 ° C. With all this, the standard body temperature remains normal.

  • Aborted pregnancy during the period of monthly discharge. The possible probability of a frustrated pregnancy may appear on the basal temperature during menstruation. The temperature can keep exactly at a level slightly above 37 ° C, but on the last day of discharge it drops sharply.
  • Inflammatory processes of the cervix and tubes of the uterus. This condition is possible if BT has increased in the last days of the end of the menstruation cycle, and the duration of discharge is not less than 4-5 days.

How to respond to temperature fluctuations

However, no matter how "authoritative" indicator of the state of the female body specialists did not consider the basal temperature, there is no need to worry much about its slightest increase. So, if BT was raised only one or two days, it still does not mean anything. It is worth remembering that inflammatory processes or diseases cannot so easily appear and disappear within one day. Also in the case of a cold, one should not be surprised at the overestimation of BT, because the body during this period is doubly weak, and it takes a certain amount of time to recover.

However, with strong suspicions, a girl should be examined by a competent gynecologist, an ultrasound scan and an analysis of blood and urine. Additional examination may be required.

Increased total body temperature during menstruation

Gynecologists believe that during menstruation may slightly increase the temperature. At this time, the body is experiencing stress, there is a slight loss of fluid. It is considered normal to increase no more than to 37.3 degrees. This is due to fatigue and weakness of the body. If the elevated temperature does not normalize after a rest or exceeds the specified value, it is necessary to be examined to determine the cause.

Among the common causes of pathological fever during menstruation are:

  • Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system. During menstruation, the cervix opens, acting as a gateway for infection. The internal environment contributes to the development of pathogenic microflora. It is recommended to keep from swimming in water and unprotected sex, which is associated with an increased risk of infection during menstruation. This risk is increased in those women who use tampons.
  • Inflammation of the intestine. In many women, menstruation is accompanied by a violation of the chair (diarrhea or constipation). There are many reasons for this: hormonal disorders, gastronomic preferences, unusual foods. The problem is observed more acutely in patients suffering from chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Gynecological diseases. On critical days, the body is weakened, under stress, and therefore chronic processes may become aggravated.
  • Pregnancy. Usually in this case they say about a low temperature increase, but the initial terms of gestation are different. The body perceives a new condition as a disease.
  • Climax. Постменопауза сопровождается потливостью, приливами, увеличением температуры.

Повышение при ПМС

Предменструальный синдром - нормальная реакция на изменения в организме, которые включают следующие симптомы:

  • stomach ache,
  • отеки конечностей,
  • набухание молочных желез,
  • dizziness,
  • mood swings
  • rash,
  • vomiting
  • weakness,
  • nausea,
  • abdominal distention,
  • back pain.

A change in temperature refers to the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome. In adolescents and young women it is associated with hormones, and later with diseases in the body.

With an atypical form of pathology, measurement indicators can reach 38-39 degrees. In this case, you must contact your gynecologist and endocrinologist.

How to measure BT

Basal temperature readings are widely used during pregnancy planning. It uniquely determines how well the reproductive system functions, helps to calculate the date of ovulation with an accuracy of a day, and indirectly indicates possible violations. To do this, it is necessary to measure it over several months and enter the data in the calendar. It is important to assess whether ovulation occurs every month, what is the difference in the indications between the phases.

Measurements are carried out every day at the same time. BT can be measured through the rectum, vagina or orally.

Rectal and vaginal measurements should be carried out during the first 5 minutes, and in the oral cavity - 3 minutes. Mercury thermometers are recommended. It is best to take measurements at 6-8 in the morning.

Consult a doctor if the following symptoms occur:

  • lack of ovulation for several months,
  • low temperature keeps the whole cycle
  • high temperature in the second part of the cycle with a negative pregnancy test result,
  • increased temperature during the menstrual period,
  • menstrual cycle less than 20 days,
  • high BT indications for several months.

To determine the cause of the pathology, a gynecological examination, ultrasound examination, blood tests, urine and feces are taken.

During menstruation, a slight increase in temperature (up to 37.5 degrees) is normal.

Increased total body temperature during menstruation

According to experts in the field of gynecology, a slight increase in body temperature during menstruation is not a reason for experiences. After all, critical days are a certain stress for the female body, since a large amount of blood and fluid is lost. Hence, weakness, loss of appetite, fatigue, chills and similar conditions.

If the rise in body temperature is observed in the evening, after a hard day, and falls within the range of 37-37.2 ° C, then most likely this is caused by weakness and fatigue. But when the temperature stays for a long time well above 37˚С - this is a significant reason to consult a doctor to identify the reasons for such behavior of the organism.

Reasons for the temperature increase:

  1. Urogenital system infections. During menstruation, the cervix opens and the reproductive system becomes vulnerable to infections. Through the open entrance, the infection can easily penetrate the uterus and “settle down” there, causing harm to the woman’s body. For this reason, during menstruation, it is undesirable to bathe in common areas (water bodies, lakes, water parks, swimming pools, etc.), to engage in unprotected sex. Many even refuse to use tampons, preferring gaskets. In the period of menstruation it is very important to monitor intimate hygiene.
  2. Inflammatory process in the intestine.

    In some women, menstruation is accompanied by diarrhea (diarrhea) or constipation. The reason is usually unusual gastronomical preferences inherent in this period. Hormonal background can provoke a spontaneous desire to eat something special and unusual. The intestine, unaccustomed to such food, will begin to irritate and react to the situation with inflammation. If the body wants to get rid of excess by diarrhea, then you should not interfere with it in this matter.

  3. Gynecological diseases. During menstruation, the body weakens and existing latent or chronic gynecological diseases can be activated and worsen. In addition to increasing the overall temperature of the body, they can manifest cutting and pulling pain in the lower abdomen.
  4. Pregnancy. High temperature during menstruation and pain can be a symptom of pregnancy. In this case, it is necessary to carry out a pregnancy test and, after a positive response, immediately consult a doctor to prevent the development of an ectopic or frozen pregnancy.
  5. Early menopause. A sign of early menopause is night sweats and a sharp increase in body temperature during menstruation, which is manifested by surges.

Increase in basal temperature during menstruation

Basal temperature (BT) is the lowest body temperature that is established in the human body during a long rest. It is usually measured immediately after waking up from a night's sleep, without getting out of bed.

BT for a woman is a kind of health mirror. It can be used to determine the presence of inflammatory processes in the body, hormonal disruptions, reproductive problems, etc.

In ideal condition, the basal temperature rises with the onset of ovulation (37.1–37.4 ° C) and stably keeps these indicators until the beginning of menstruation. 2-3 days before the arrival of the monthly BT decreases to 37.0–37.1 ° C and gradually continues to decline until the end of the discharge.

But there are cases when the basal temperature during and after menstruation does not decrease, but, on the contrary, increases. What does this mean, and what diseases lead to this, consider below.

Reasons for increasing BT

  1. Endometritis or endomyometritis

    . With these diseases, BT from the first day of menstruation rises to 37.5–37.5 ° C, while the general body temperature is normal.

  2. Pregnancy, interrupted in the days of monthly discharge. If the basal temperature since ovulation and until the end of menstruation kept above 37˚С, and on the last day of bleeding or after they began to decline sharply, then there is a probability of failure of the newly formed pregnancy.
  3. Inflammation of the appendages. If the temperature starts a sharp increase in indicators immediately after the luteal (third) phase with the advent of menstruation and the whole period of bleeding is higher than 37.0 ° C, then there is a suspicion of an inflammatory process of the appendages.
  4. The inflammatory process of the tube or cervix. This state corresponds to an increase in BT in the last 1–2 days of menstruation, provided that the discharge goes 4–5 days.

Although the basal temperature and the "authoritative" indicator of the state of the body, yet it is not necessary for each of its increase to "ring all the bells." For example, raising BT for one day means absolutely nothing, since the inflammatory process or any disease cannot appear and go straight away. Or a different situation: you get sick, you have a fever, cough and a runny nose, or a complex disease after which the body needs time to recover. In this case, an overestimation of the basal temperature is not reliable and should not cause anxiety.

The main reasons for the change in indicators

Gynecologists identify the following causes of increased body temperature during menstruation:

  1. Infection. During the menstrual cycle, the cervix dilates. At the same time, the reproductive system is not protected. Since infections can easily penetrate into the uterine cavity, during this period it is not recommended to bathe in ponds and have sex. During menstruation, it is recommended to pay special attention to personal hygiene.
  2. Digestive disorders. Rarely periods can cause constipation and diarrhea. Such symptoms appear due to the use of food unusual for the stomach, which can lead to inflammation of the stomach.
  3. Gynecological diseases. During menstruation, immunity and resistant systems weaken, contributing to the exacerbation of chronic or activation of hidden diseases. The main symptom of such phenomena are cutting or pulling pain in the ovaries.
  4. Pregnancy. High fever during menstruation and severe pain can be triggered by pregnancy. If a pregnancy test gives a positive result, an urgent need to contact a gynecologist. The physician must confirm / deny the presence of an ectopic pregnancy or an abnormal cessation of fetal development.
  5. Climax. The woman has excessive sweating at night (during sleep) and an increase in temperature during menstruation.

Basal temperature helps to identify the onset of critical days or the presence of ovulation. The lowest figure is set when a woman sleeps for a long time. The temperature should be measured while lying in bed, after sleeping. To do this, put a thermometer in the mouth. BT in a woman's body plays the role of an indicator of health status. At this temperature, you can find out the presence of inflammation in the body, hormonal and reproductive abnormalities.

The BT standard is 36.9-37.2 ° C. Under normal conditions, the basal temperature rises to 37 ° C with the onset of ovulation and remains at that level until the onset of menstruation. 1-2 days before menstruation, it falls. Then the temperature continues to fall, and at the end of the menstrual period comes to normal.

BT and menstrual cycle

Rarely during the discharge indicator BT does not fall, but rises. This is manifested against the background of various factors. With endometritis or endomiometry, the basal temperature rises (from the first day of menstruation) to 37.5 ° C, and the overall body temperature remains normal.

If an increased basal temperature is diagnosed during the ovulation period, and a lowered one from the last day of discharge, this is a symptom of the death of the embryo at an early stage (abortion).

If the body temperature is high from the beginning to the end of the cycle, then the appendages are inflamed.

In this case, an urgent need to seek help from a gynecologist. A sign of inflammation of the tubes or cervix may be a sharp increase in basal temperature in the last days of discharge (if the period lasts 4-6 days).

Reasons for a slight increase in temperature in the menstrual period and after menstruation:

  1. The temperature of 37 ° C before the cycle and during menstruation is associated with fatigue and rapid fatigue of the female body. Especially this phenomenon is observed in the evening. In this case, a woman loses her appetite.
  2. A strong and sharp increase in temperature, which is accompanied by abdominal pain, indicates the development of the inflammatory process. In such cases, you will need the help of a doctor. Pre-gynecologist identifies the cause of the development of pathology. The patient must undergo laboratory diagnosis. Antibacterial treatment prescribed taking into account the characteristics of the female body.

Women planning a pregnancy should pay special attention to basal temperature. This indicator is measured to determine:

To accurately determine the functionality of the female body, it is necessary to measure BT over several months. The menstrual cycle has two phases - follicular and luteal. The transition from one phase to another can be determined by the level of fluctuation in the basal temperature. There is a certain time when unprotected sex is safe. These days can be calculated using the BT measurement. To do this, it is necessary to understand what principle and how critical days pass.

Rules for determining basal temperature

The procedure must be carried out every day (at certain times). Measurements can be made earlier, but not later, the selected time. Doctors distinguish 3 types of BT measurements:

  • by mouth
  • through the rectum,
  • through the vagina.

For an hour after waking up, the basal temperature indices are changeable. Measurements should be done immediately after sleep. Rectal or vaginal measurements are carried out in the first 5 minutes after sleep, and the temperature in the oral cavity changes after 3 minutes after waking up.

Gynecologists recommend measuring a BT thermometer on a mercury basis. He is able to determine the slightest temperature changes. To accurately track the results you need a schedule. Before the start of the menstrual cycle, the temperature drops. If the value of the indicator during ovulation does not change for the period of menstruation, this is a sign of pregnancy.

The best time for BT measurements is 6-8 am. Sleep should be calm and measured (at least 4-8 hours). The menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. On the first day or the day before the end of the menstrual period, the BT indicators fall to 36 ° C. If during ovulation, the temperature began to rise (up to 37 ° C), it is a sign of egg maturation.

The help of the doctor is necessary in the following cases:

  • high temperature for the entire menstrual period,
  • lack of ovulation
  • low temperature throughout the entire menstrual cycle,
  • high temperature in the 2nd part of the cycle (negative pregnancy test result),
  • short (less than 20 days) or a long menstrual cycle (month),
  • BT indicators are higher than normal for months.

The patient must undergo a gynecological examination, ultrasound, and blood, urine and feces. If necessary, an additional examination. If the temperature has risen slightly, but does not exceed the limits of the norm, and additional signs do not appear (except for indisposition and weakness), then it is recommended:

  1. Revision of the diet in the days of the onset of menstruation. The menu includes vegetable food, fruits and vegetables. It is recommended to refuse fried, spicy and aggressive food. Do not drink alcohol.
  2. Refusal of coffee. This drink can be replaced with a weak green or black tea.
  3. An active lifestyle will quickly lift your spirits and relieve fatigue.
  4. Full sleep (8 hours).
  5. It is not recommended to visit the sauna, bath and gyms.

Gynecologists are allowed to take a warm shower. It is strictly forbidden to take hot water treatments. To increase the overall tone of the body, before menstruation, a tincture of Chinese Schizandra or Eleutherococcus is taken.

How is body temperature related to menstruation?

Menstruation (regula) in females occur on a monthly basis and is often accompanied by malaise, deterioration of the condition, as well as fever. Doctors believe that a slight excess of the norm is possible, and in most cases this is normal.

First, the uterus contracts, blood rushes to it, which provokes a local increase in temperature in the abdominal cavity. Secondly, during menstruation, the female body is overloaded and works hard, and because of this, the indicator will also increase. Thirdly, the hormonal background is changing, otherwise the endocrine system of the woman works, which is responsible for the processes of thermoregulation.

Important! Body temperature is an indicator of the functioning of the body. The indicator may change with various changes and deviations: hormonal disruptions, infectious diseases, inflammations, overvoltages.

When raising is not a concern

It is considered normal to raise the temperature to 36.9-37.4. The increase is often observed at the end of the day in the evening, after work, manual labor, overvoltage or stress. The growth rate of the majority of women is observed a few days before the onset of menstruation and persists for several days, and by the end of menstruation the level normalizes and falls.

The condition should be normal, although some have unpleasant symptoms on critical days:

  • cramping in the lower abdomen
  • mood changes or mood swings
  • depression
  • weakness
  • apathy
  • tearfulness
  • decrease in working capacity
  • general malaise
  • body aches

This is permissible, especially in the first two or three days. Further, the state normally improves and becomes as it was before menstruation.

How to measure and evaluate results

To obtain reliable results and their correct assessment, it is recommended to measure the basal temperature, which characterizes the lowest rate achieved in a quiet state after a long rest. And in order to catch deviations and fluctuations, keep a schedule and take measurements over several months.

The basal temperature during the menstrual cycle changes, which is due to the physiological characteristics of the functioning of the female body. This period is divided into the follicular phase and luteal. In the interval between them, ovulation occurs - the exit from the follicle of a fully mature and ready for fertilization egg.

In the first phase, the temperature indicators are lowered and will stay within 36.3-36.6 degrees (in any case, less than 37). Before ovulation, the temperature is the lowest and drops by 0.1-0.2 degrees, and then, upon going into the luteal phase, it increases by 0.4-0.5 degrees and reaches 37-37.1 degrees. Such values ​​are kept to menstruation, after which they decrease to the norms characteristic of the first luteal phase.

Measurements are taken daily after sleep in the morning immediately after waking up, right in bed. It is recommended to use an ordinary mercury thermometer (an electronic thermometer often has significant errors). The instrument may be placed in the mouth, rectum or vagina. But, choosing one method (oral, rectal or vaginal), use it always.

Possible causes of fever during menstruation.

Why does body temperature increase during menstruation? The reasons are different:

  • Intestinal disorders. Functioning on critical days may vary due to active contractions: the uterus is in close proximity to the organ, therefore diarrhea is likely with high activity of its muscles. In addition, diarrhea is possible due to eating disorders or strange taste preferences observed during the ICP period. And with enhanced peristalsis of the intestinal walls, blood rushes to them, which provokes a local increase in temperature.
  • Genitourinary infections. During menstruation, the cervix expands, the entrance opens, and the organ becomes vulnerable to pathogenic microorganisms. Bacteria can enter the urinary system when bathing in open public waters, unprotected sex, and non-compliance with personal hygiene.
  • Intestinal infections often develop in the summer: pathogens can enter the body with food or water, airborne droplets. Such diseases are characterized by nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, increased body temperature, weakness, bloating and flatulence, pain.
  • Venereal diseases. One can become infected with sexually transmitted diseases through unprotected and promiscuous sex without using condoms. When STDs are observed abnormal vaginal discharge, menstrual cycle failures, general malaise, high fever.
  • Pregnancy. Its offensive is not always accompanied by a delay: sometimes menstruation continues to go on, but it becomes poorer. It is necessary to make a test as soon as possible and contact a gynecologist to confirm conception and eliminate the risks of missed or ectopic pregnancy, as well as spontaneous termination. Often, menstrual flow speaks about such states.

  • Hormonal disruptions observed in both adult women and adolescent girls during active puberty. In case of violations, there are delays in menstruation, a reduction or increase in the periods between them, changes in the nature of discharge, the complete absence of critical days (amenorrhea), painful periods (dysmenorrhea).
  • Gynecological diseases: myoma, endometritis, adnexitis, polycystic ovarian cancer, endometriosis, cervical erosion. If you are sick “like a woman,” you might not have noticed, but the reproductive system will work differently: inflammation will provoke fever, menstrual failures, pain, problems with conception. In the absence of treatment, the disease becomes chronic, and exacerbations often occur on critical days, because at this time the body is weakened, and the genital organs are overstressed and vulnerable.
  • Consequences of abortion. If it was performed in clandestine conditions, or the patient ignored the doctor’s recommendations, surgical intervention could trigger an inflammatory process that would most likely be accompanied by fever. There may also be heavy discharge with clots, bleeding, chills, weakness, fever, cramps and cramping in the lower abdomen.
  • Climax. During this period, global changes occur in the female body, accompanied by changes in the functioning of the endocrine system and hormonal disturbances. Women experience a feeling of fever, excessive sweating, hot flashes, mood swings, tearfulness, dizziness, increased heart rate, shortness of breath and other unpleasant symptoms.
  • Colds. The risks of getting acute respiratory viral infections or flu during menstruation increase as the body is weak and overloaded, and often the onset of critical days coincides with the first signs: weakness, soreness and cough, runny nose, fever, lacrimation. A sick woman can be feverish and shivering, shaking, nauseous, will also hurt her whole body, and her head will hurt a lot.

Note! Breastfeeding women believe that they provide contraception and are insured against pregnancy. But this is not the case: prolactin does suppress ovulation, but if the child begins to take the breast less often, the level of the hormone decreases, and its contraceptive effect is minimized.

In what cases and how to normalize the temperature during regulation?

Should I churn the temperature if it is above the norm? If the increase does not affect the state, does not cause discomfort and is not accompanied by alarming symptoms, it is not desirable to take action. But in case of indisposition and a strong increase in the index, take action. The table below describes the temperature characteristics and possible actions.