Uterine fibroids are a pathology that most of the female population faces. But only a small percentage of women go to the doctor to identify the disease, since most often the fibroids are asymptomatic. Myoma is a disease in which benign nodes are formed in the layers of the uterus. The etiology of this disease, as well as its causes, is not fully understood. And in order not to miss its development, you must regularly undergo an examination by a gynecologist. Currently, this disease began to appear in women often and often fibroids are diagnosed in women who are not yet 35 years old.
This article was written without the support of expert advice. If you suspect fibroids, you should contact a qualified doctor.
Despite the fact that this disease is one of the most common, the causes of its occurrence are not fully understood. There are many prerequisites for the development of the disease, but not one of them has received scientific confirmation until now, which means it is only an assumption. But it's safe to say that this is a hormone-dependent disease, which after menopause stabilizes or regresses. Doctors identify a number of provoking factors that can trigger the risk of this disease:
- hormonal disorders,
- surgical interventions
- chronic inflammatory processes.
Causes that may adversely affect the development of the disease:
- sedentary lifestyle.
Sports in myoma
In order to determine which sports are available for myoma, it is necessary to identify the type of disease, the number, size of nodes and their localization. If the node is under the mucous membrane, frequent bleeding may occur, and therefore it is better to forget about the sport until complete recovery. However, the doctor may allow you to perform simple physical exercises for uterine myoma, but it is better to refuse exercises related to the press.
If they were diagnosed as having a knot on a leg, then it is worth while to abandon the sport, since the effectiveness of such activities may be irreversible. During the "swing" of the press and active exercises, the knot can twist, which will lead to serious complications. In the event of acute pain, you should immediately consult a doctor. Women with such a diagnosis should avoid training with jumps, sharp movements, slight physical exertion is allowed.
Types of loads and sports
A few decades ago, it was believed that sports and fibroids are not compatible things, today with such a diagnosis one should not refuse to perform physical exercises. In addition, sports with uterine myoma in moderate amounts is a good prevention of the disease. With the help of numerous studies, it was possible to prove that those women who lead a healthy lifestyle rarely suffer from fibroids. In addition, one of the factors in the development of fibroids can be called overweight. And if a woman is constantly engaged in the port, then she will be able to overcome excess kilos and will be slim. That is, gynecologists allow women with fibroids to engage with the port, listening to the following tips:
- during exercise, the pulse should not increase by more than 30%,
- after 2 months of training you need to see a doctor
- do not perform only exercises that do not affect the press.
If the fibroids do not progress and there are no unpleasant symptoms, you can increase the load, but it should be done only after consulting a doctor. Below we describe what exercises you can do with uterine myoma without harm to health.
What sports can you do
The most optimal sports can be called those that are based on cardiovascular activity. These include:
- training on simulators (treadmill, stepper, orbitrek),
- fast walk,
- bicycle riding,
- ski walks.
Swimming has a positive effect on the body as a whole, and in addition to the usual visit to the pool, you can sign up for aqua aerobics. If you are used to running in the morning, you need to watch your pulse, it should not exceed 130 beats per minute. Excellent results can be achieved from the eastern sport: Pilates and yoga for uterine myoma are very effective. But before embarking on physical education, it is necessary to discuss the level of pressure by the attending physician so that sports activities in case of uterine myoma bring only benefit. If you want to do fitness, it is recommended to choose programs for beginners.
If you have never played sports, then in the fight against myoma, you need to pay attention to physical therapy. And it is better to attend classes with a specialist who can create a program for you and monitor the condition. Yoga for uterine myoma with a developed set of exercises (kegel, nauli, uddiyana) will have a positive effect on the dynamics of the disease.
If any unpleasant symptoms appear, you should consult a doctor and be examined.
Contraindications to sports
For sport to bring only positive emotions, it is necessary to choose such exercises and physical loads for uterine myoma, which will not provoke the growth of knots. It is not recommended to engage in such sports in case of illness and to use the following equipment:
- weight lifting exercises, the maximum weight a woman can lift is 3 kilograms,
- hoop with weights and suckers (simple metal inventory is allowed to twist),
- slimming cream and corrective belts that interfere with blood circulation,
- activities that put a heavy strain on the belly, such as belly dancing,
- high jumps and sharp movements.
Any sport should be abandoned for women with pronounced symptoms of fibroids: bleeding, unbearable pain, dizziness and weakness. It is necessary to take a break after surgery.
Sport as the prevention of female diseases
Above it has been said that sport is an excellent prevention of women's diseases, which include fibroids. If you practice moderately, blood circulation improves throughout the body, including in the pelvic area. That is, the woman is not observed stagnation, and the risk of pathology is reduced to a minimum. Constant training allows you to control your body weight, which has a positive effect on overall health and the development of the disease.
Questions and answers
Below we list the most popular questions concerning the development of fibroids and the answers of specialists.
- If a woman has been playing regular sports before identifying fibroids, can these classes be continued after the diagnosis of the disease? This issue is resolved individually and negotiated with your doctor. If a small fibroid is diagnosed to 2 centimeters in diameter and there are no obvious signs of the disease, then you should not cancel the classes, in some cases it is necessary to adjust the training. If the fibroid has reached a huge size and the woman is suffering from constant pain and bleeding, then the load may remain minimal.
- If sports activities with mime are not accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, is it possible to play sports with uterine myoma? If the patient feels satisfactory, then you should not give up the sport. It is necessary to carry out loads that are familiar to your body. But to control the condition, it is necessary to visit a doctor every six months. If pain and bleeding occurs, stop exercising and consult a doctor.
- Is it allowed to engage in power sports with myoma? Such questions are resolved only with an experienced doctor, and if the disease does not bother the patient, the doctor may be allowed to perform the previous exercises.
This disease raises many questions in women, since all its causes and factors of appearance are not fully understood. If you do not know whether it is possible to play sports with uterine myoma, you need to consult a doctor, go through the necessary research and understand whether you are allowed or not.
The benefits of sports with uterine myoma
This disease occurs when the cells of the muscular uterine tissue begin to divide abnormally, which entails the formation of tumor nodules. There are a lot of provocative factors, including non-observance of a correct lifestyle, as well as hormonal disturbance, in which the level of estrogen exceeds the permissible rate. To remedy this situation can be a medical treatment. After the cessation of drug use, the disease often returns. This happens in cases where such therapy is the only way to deal with the disorder. An additional stimulus to growth arises in the tumor.
Exercise helps to balance the amount of hormones. This eliminates several problems at once:
- muscles restore their tone and this is very important in case of myoma, because it creates an additional load on all organs, often causing them to shift. Strong muscles reduce the likelihood of such an outcome,
- bringing to normal not only muscles, but also metabolic processes in the body. Regular exercise helps produce carbohydrates, cholesterol and fats. An excessive amount of these substances in the body causes the growth of estrogen, thyroid disease and other pathologies of the reproductive system,
- weight reduction. Excess fat in the body means the arrival of a large amount of estrogen. This is because fat cells themselves create them. In the absence of overweight, the tumor loses the stimulus to develop,
- restoration of the nervous system. Hormonal disruptions, frequent stress, painful menstruation worsen its functioning. Sports activities improve mood due to the production of endorphins.
What sports to choose with uterine myoma
There are several types of uterine tumors, differing by location. If the tumor is located under the mucous membrane, then frequent bleeding from the uterus occurs. In the presence of this type of tumor, the force load on the press is contraindicated because of the strong blood flow, which can trigger bleeding or increase it. In this situation, the most suitable exercises for the overall strengthening of the body. It is necessary to exclude sharp movements, jumps, bends and turns. If there are no contraindications from the attending physician, then you can try to do oriental dancing. Due to the internal massage of organs during movements with the pelvis, mood and general condition are improved.
If the tumor site is located near the abdominal cavity, then there are no external manifestations. A woman can find out about him only at a reception at the gynecologist. Sports activities for this type of disease is not prohibited.
If myoma is located near the abdominal cavity, you should ask the doctor if she has a leg. If so, then physical exercise will have to be eliminated, as there is a high risk of twisting it, and in this case only surgical intervention will be required.
The only exercise allowed when detecting a fibroid leg is to twist the hoop. The fact is that when practicing with a hoop, the body practically does not change its position in space. However, the exercise should not be long. If discomfort occurs, it is recommended to stop the session and consult a gynecologist.
In the case of fibroids in the thickness of the sport is not contraindicated. You can perform exercises on the press and with a hoop. The main thing that the hoop was smooth and without weighting.
It happens that the tumor is located between the ligaments. Here aerobic loads are most suitable, the same classes with a hoop. It is important not to overwork. The main goal is to strengthen the muscles and maintain body tone.
Water exercises for this disease are very helpful. When swimming is a uniform distribution of exposure throughout the body. There is no possibility of overheating of organs in the area of the tumor and a point load on a certain organ. In addition, this sport does not involve sudden movements, which also has a positive effect. Classes in water contribute to weight loss and properly distribute the effects on the internal organs. Do not forget that even such a harmless load should be increased gradually. Water aerobics is also welcome, but it is important that there are no sudden movements.
Every patient with myoma is recommended to walk. The simplest walking tour or Nordic walking will help to enrich the body with oxygen, improve all metabolic processes, and also serve as a good heart training. The gynecologist must choose exactly what kind of walking a woman should do. However, even patients after surgery showed walking in the fresh air at a slow pace.
If the tumor is small, the doctor may order a walk with quick steps or even a light run. But to engage in such exercises is possible only after consulting with your doctor. It is best to start with walks, gradually moving to jogging. If the state of health does not deteriorate, the load can be increased. During the run you need to closely monitor the pulse. It is important that the indicator does not exceed 120 beats per minute.
Yoga classes are not contraindicated. This sport involves a slow repetition of movements and stretching without jerks and sharp turns. But from exercises that involve the abdominal muscles, should refrain. It is best to develop an individual training program, which is usually composed by an instructor or an exercise therapy specialist. But basically, a set of exercises is very similar to classes for pregnant women.
There is also a therapeutic yoga. Such exercise helps to improve a woman’s health.
Like Pilates, fitness classes for neoplasms are not prohibited. It is important to choose the right set of exercises. The basic rule is to avoid under similar loads:
- Fast and sharp torso torso.
- Abrupt and constant movement of the stomach.
- Intensive body loads and turns.
Physical activity is very important in myoma. Numerous observations of scientists have proven that exercise helps prevent benign tumors and slows their growth. The most popular ones are:
- This breathing practice has a beneficial effect on the entire body system. It is necessary to inflate and retract the abdominal muscles for 7 minutes. Such repetitions are recommended to be performed 15-20 times daily.
- Classes involving the work of the lower abdominal muscles are also helpful. It is very important concentration and the correct position of the body in space.
It must be remembered that such exercise is shown only for small tumors. Otherwise, gymnastics can only worsen the condition.
The complex of classes in Kegel
These classes involve the training of intimate muscles:
- The first part of the exercises involves squeezing and unclenching the vaginal muscles at a fast pace for 10 seconds,
- the second part consists of the same actions, but lasts 5 seconds. This is followed by a 5-second break,
- The final stage in the Kegel training complex is to compress the vaginal muscles and hold them in that position for 20 seconds. After that, you need to relax. Over time, the load increases, and muscle compression lasts up to 2 minutes.
Professional sports in uterine myoma are not allowed. This is due to the possibility of bleeding and severe pain. But it happens that some types of tumors allow you to engage in professional sports.
Exercise, including jumps and fast running, is prohibited. Bodybuilding also falls into this category.
Contraindications for sports with uterine myoma
Sports sometimes need to be completely eliminated. This occurs under the following circumstances:
- rehabilitation period after surgery,
- very large size of the tumor,
- the presence of menstruation,
- bouts of abdominal pain,
- uterine bleeding,
- rapid development of pathology.
Choosing the type of physical activity, it is very important to observe the golden mean in the loads distributed to the body. It is necessary to choose such a set of exercises, where there will be a general strengthening of all the muscles of the body, and the absence of an adverse effect on the organs of the reproductive system. In any case, when detecting this disease, a woman should consult with a specialist about the choice of a suitable sports mode.
Myomas are different depending on their location in the uterus. When a tumor is under the mucous, quite often there are uterine bleeding. In this case, your question about whether it is possible to pump a press during uterine myoma, the gynecologist will say categorically no.
And all because when the pressure on the abdominal press increases blood flow and this can cause an increase in bleeding. Therefore, in this case, it is advisable to engage in fortifying exercises without sharp jerks, jumps, turns, bends.
Попробуйте дыхательную гимнастику, а также танец живота, если доктор не имеет ничего против. Eastern dances, thanks to the smoothness of their movements, carry out the massage effect of the internal organs, and women’s well-being and mood improves.
When the node of fibroids is located closer to the abdominal cavity, it does not manifest itself in any way - the woman learns about the disease only at a gynecologist's appointment. Sport with uterine myoma in this case is not excluded. But before the exercises, ask the doctor if the node has a leg. If there is, then no need to take risks. At some point from the load, it can twist and then the woman will have to urgently seek surgical help.
Is it possible to twist the hoop in case of uterine myoma if the node has a leg? The answer is positive - it is possible, because the body does not change its position in space. Of course, exercising too long is not worth it. And at the slightest discomfort, stop and contact your doctor.
When fibroids appear in the mass, both the hoop and the exercises with an emphasis on abs are allowed. It should be noted that the hoop should be the most common - light, without weighting.
Physical activity with uterine myoma, which is located between the ligaments, implies aerobics, gymnastics, the same light hoop. The basic rule is loads without excessive intensity. Your goal is to keep your muscles in a pleasant tone to enhance overall well-being.
We found out what types of uterine fibroids and contraindications in sport exist. Now let's look at what experts recommend for this diagnosis.
The best sport for a neoplasm in the uterus is cardiovascular disease. You can swim, go walking, skiing. Can I ride a bicycle with uterine myoma? - you ask. Of course! With such loads, the muscles of the uterus are unduly involved, as well as when practicing on different cardiovascular machines - stepper, orbitrek, treadmill.
Based on this, the question may again arise whether it is possible to run around with uterine myoma. Doctors are allowed to run, but with this you need to monitor your pulse. As soon as it exceeds 130 beats per minute, you should immediately stop training. It will be useful to practice yoga and other Oriental techniques, if your doctor does not mind.
Wondering whether you can do fitness with uterine myoma, pick up the load for beginners and watch your feelings. If you experience any unpleasant sensations, notify your doctor about them and for a while engage in regular physical therapy. It is best to contact a specialist to work out with him a set of exercises that corresponds to your condition, age and the presence of other diseases.
In case of myoma, women should not choose loads, where they will have to lift weights of more than 3 kg. The pulse must always be controlled. It is possible to increase the load if the pulse remains unchanged and the load seems to be insufficient. Experts recommend about 110 beats per minute.
What kind of sports you can do with uterine myoma, we found out. Any exercise will undoubtedly benefit your body if the load is chosen correctly. Be careful when planning a particular sport, especially if there are still some diseases.
Even simple movements are better than just sitting and doing nothing. If you are anxious about your health, take a walk. Even in the case of large fibroids, such loads will not damage, and health will be tightened noticeably.
You train almost all muscle groups, but at the same time do not cause an increased blood flow to the pelvic organs. In case of small tumors and lack of discomfort, try the activities listed above.
We have already answered the main question - is it possible to play sports with uterine myoma, and now we will discuss how to do it correctly.
- You should always be in touch with your gynecologist to monitor the situation.
- It is necessary to select the load with a trainer, at least at the very beginning, in order to take into account
- features of your body and make an individual training program.
- Need to do regularly.
- Additional loads are introduced gradually.
- Do not forget about proper nutrition to achieve the desired results.
Exercise is beneficial because it helps the uterus not to lose its tone. If the tumor is large, it puts pressure on both the uterus and neighboring organs. By training your muscles, you will help yourself experience less pain, if there is one. The muscles of the uterus will become stronger.
Thanks to sports, blood circulation and metabolism are improved, which affects the functioning of all organs and body systems.
A woman is diagnosed with uterine fibroids, is it possible to play sports? Need to! An active lifestyle helps stabilize the nervous system. You forget about problems, dump negative energy that accumulated throughout the day.
Everyone knows that physical mobility is a guarantee of normal weight. The less fat stored by the body in reserve, the slower the tumor will grow. Take care of yourself, tune in to a positive and soon your health will improve, and your body will look fit and slim. In this state, it is much easier to deal with problems, so soon myoma will be a thing of the past.
Is sport useful for myoma?
Research conducted by scientists over the past 15–20 years has convincingly shown that adequate exercise and an active lifestyle serve as a preventive measure for uterine fibroids. The disease occurs in patients of reproductive age, therefore, previous restrictions significantly reduced the quality of life of a young woman. But exercise and sports exercises can not only prevent the development of myomatous nodes, but also help to treat the disease.
Among the risk factors that provoke excessive cell division of the muscles of the uterus are:
- lack of physical activity, physical inactivity,
- overweight, obesity,
- endocrine pathologies,
- low stress tolerance.
All these problems are interrelated and can be easily resolved with sufficient physical load on the woman's body.
Sports activities improve blood supply and nutrition of the pelvic organs, help strengthen the muscles of the abdomen. Physical activity enhances the metabolism and protective functions of the body. This forms the ability to resist stress and normalizes hormones. Girls and girls who are actively involved in sports or dancing, are much less likely to suffer from myoma.
But when a tumor is formed, not only the reduced activity is harmful, which inhibits the metabolism and reduces the overall resistance of the body. When playing sports, a sick woman should take into account her condition. Choosing physical training exercises, it is necessary to undergo a medical examination and consult with him about the permissibility of the selected loads.
What are the limitations of myoma
In case of neoplasm of large sizes (from 12 weeks), the restrictions are most noticeable. The condition of such a patient should force her to abandon any kind of power sports (weightlifting, martial arts, etc.). Restrictions apply to the maximum allowable weight when carrying or lifting: it should not exceed 3 kg.
Women whose tumor size is small should pay attention to the fact that with myoma you can not engage in sports that cause excessive tension of the muscles of the abdominal wall and pelvic floor, causing shaking of internal organs. These include:
- Any kind of sports and exercises related to weight lifting or tension of the abdominal muscles. These include the women's barbell, and bodybuilding, and exercises with weights in excess of 3 kg. You can not perform movements associated with the load on the muscles of the abdominal wall: to press the press, do the bar, etc.
- When myoma is contraindicated rotation of the hoop with weighting and massage rollers. This exercise is associated with excessive pressure on the straight and oblique abdominal muscles. Causes an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and increased blood flow to the pelvic organs. When myomatous nodes, this leads to or increases uterine bleeding and provokes tumor growth.
Sharp movements that cause shaking of internal organs: jumping, kicking, acrobatic exercises. Some types of dance associated with such movements, it is also desirable to exclude from the range of their activities with myoma.
When playing sports it is forbidden to use belts for slimming or warming up gels and creams for burning fat. They increase blood circulation in the muscles and organs of the abdomen. The result may be uterine bleeding.
Contraindications for sports
With myoma, there are direct contraindications for sports. Movement should be limited when:
- The woman had surgery to remove fibroids. In this case, only the doctor can determine the start time of exercise therapy classes and select the desired set of exercises.
- There are pronounced clinical symptoms of the tumor (pain in the lower abdomen, uterine bleeding, etc.). Recommend a class in this case may be a gynecologist. Based on the examination and assessment of the patient's condition, the doctor will select the acceptable types of physical activity.
In the diagnosis indicated myoma node on the leg. Before it is removed, the woman risks being in the hospital at any time due to the twisting of the leg. This phenomenon is accompanied by sharp pain, in this condition, you must immediately call an ambulance.
Ignore the general contraindications for sports with myoma is not worth it.
Even if the condition of the woman seems to her quite satisfactory, it is necessary to perform the exercises in accordance with the recommendations of specialists.
Benefit from myoma bring visits to the pool. Swimming or aqua aerobics have a beneficial effect on the entire body and do not put pressure on the abdominal muscles. They have a certain tempering effect and enhance the body's ability to withstand stress. Before starting water sports you need to consult with your doctor. Contraindications may be bleeding or large tumor size.
The benefits of walking
Walking is useful for any category of patients with myoma. Regular walking, Scandinavian or walking walking enrich the body with oxygen, improve metabolism, serve as a good cardio load (train the heart muscle). What kind of sports of this type can be practiced at different degrees of fibroids development should be decided by a gynecologist. But even for postoperative patients it is useful to walk at a slow pace. If the swelling is small, the doctor will allow both walking and even light running.
Jogging (jogging or exercising) should be started only with the permission of a specialist. It is better to start such loads with alternating athletic walking and short runs. In cases where no painful symptoms occur, the load is allowed to increase. When jogging, it is important to monitor your heart rate: maximum heart rate should not exceed 120 beats per minute.
There are a number of cardiovascular machines, classes which can be resolved with uterine myoma. These include:
Cardiac loads using such equipment are subject to the general rules: the maximum heart rate does not exceed 120-130 beats per second.
Other physical activities
In case of myoma, specially selected complexes of yoga, qigong and pilates are useful. Independently choose exercises and asanas is impossible. Before the start of classes, consultation with the attending gynecologist and gym instructor is needed. The same requirements are imposed on exercise therapy classes. A set of exercises that will be useful for myoma can only be selected individually, taking into account the patient's condition.
If a woman was engaged in some kind of sport before making a diagnosis of uterine fibroids, then the gynecologist can determine the need to stop or reduce the workload. With small sizes (up to 2 cm in diameter), the tumor is considered clinically insignificant, and sports can be continued in full. But for large sizes or intensive growth of fibroids, the doctor is likely to recommend physical activity in moderation.
At the beginning of physical therapy exercises or sports, as well as when a neoplasm is detected, those who practice some kind of physical activity are used in a general rule: doctor's observation and check-ups every 2-3 months. This helps in time to determine the development of adverse conditions of the patient and reduce the load, if it does not bring benefits. If pain or bleeding occurs, the woman should inform the trainer and the doctor in charge of it, without waiting for the next examination.
How exercise affects the growth of myoma
In relation to nat. exercises in myoma it is important to understand one thing: a miracle will not happen. Therapeutic gymnastics, yoga, Pilates - all these methods are uniquely beneficial to health and improve the overall tone of the body, but are unlikely to completely relieve a woman from the problem.
Myoma is a tumor, growth of muscle and connective tissue fibers, formation in the body of the uterus. This is not an inflammatory infiltrate that goes away after stimulating the body's defenses. This is not a cyst that subsides when hormonal levels are restored. Myoma is a dense muscular formation, and even against the background of therapy, the knot does not disappear, but only significantly decreases in size. The only method guaranteed to get rid of education is surgery.
As a rule, surgical treatment of fibroids relieves a woman from a tumor. But the treatment tactics is chosen depending on the size and localization of myomatous nodes.
Why then do women try to cure myoma with exercise and even say that it helps? Indeed, if you examine the reviews of visitors to yoga centers and other places for sports, you will notice: Regular exercise significantly improves overall health and helps to cope with the unpleasant symptoms of the disease. Many women say that Pilates, yoga and even breathing exercises lead to tumor regression, but it is rather difficult to confirm these statements.
An analysis of the histories of diseases of such patients often shows that fibroids actually shrink in size after regular training, but sometimes it was preceded by pregnancy and childbirth, prolonged breastfeeding and other factors. Often, positive reviews of therapeutic gymnastics come from women aged 45-50 years, that is, close to menopause. As you know, when joining menopause in many patients, fibroids are self-resolved without any intervention in this process. In women of reproductive age, significant changes after therapeutic gymnastics were not observed.
How does exercise really affect the condition of the myoma node?
Consider some aspects:
- Regular exercise increases the tone of the abdominal muscles and strengthens them. Strong muscles of the abdominal wall help to keep the uterus and other organs of the pelvis in place and also prevent them from moving due to the pressure of large nodes. This statement is also true for the muscles of the perineum, which are reinforced by Kegel exercises,
Exercises Dr. Kegel strengthens the muscles of the perineum, helping them to gain elasticity and elasticity.
Proper nutrition and an active lifestyle help a woman stabilize her hormonal levels.
The positive effect of exercise is noted mainly in case of myomas of small size (up to 2.5-3 cm). Such nodes may decrease in diameter and regress to clinically insignificant parameters. Against this background, leave the unpleasant symptoms of the disease. The menstrual cycle is normalized, persistent abdominal pain decreases or disappears, the risk of sudden bleeding decreases. Not surprisingly, many women speak well of gymnastics as a method of alternative therapy.
Physical stress allowed for uterine myoma
Exercises and techniques that are useful for benign uterine tumors:
- Yoga (with restriction on some asanas),
- Pilates in a comfortable rhythm,
- Kinesitherapy according to the method of Bubnovsky,
- Some elements of therapeutic gymnastics,
- Kegel exercises for training the muscles of the pelvic floor,
- Swimming in the pool or open water (without visiting the sauna and a long stay under the sun).
With diseases of the reproductive system of women is very useful swimming in the pool.
Practically all these exercises can be done at home after watching a training video, but it is better for a beginner to sign up for a special program. Today, some fitness centers and medical institutions offer sports activities for clients with reproductive pathology. Under the supervision of an experienced coach, a woman will be able to master the key exercises and will be able to repeat them at home in the future. Being engaged on their own, you can make mistakes that not only slow down recovery, but also can lead to the development of complications.
Another plus of group lessons is the opportunity to communicate with other women suffering from uterine myoma. Psychological support in this situation may be much more important than training.
Kinesitherapy according to the method of Dr. Bubnovsky
The set of exercises developed by Sergei Mikhailovich Bubnovsky is unique in that the process of training involves only the body’s own reserves without additional stimulation. Все занятия проходят на специальных тренажерах, основанных на антигравитационных и современных декомпрессионных технологиях. Движения совершаются легко, без лишнего напряжения, что особенно важно для женщин с миомой матки.A tumor is more often detected after 35-40 years, and at this age not every person is able to withstand serious loads without overwork.
Important aspects of kinesitherapy:
- All exercises are selected individually for each person.
- The intensity of training increases gradually, taking into account the well-being of women
- A set of exercises involves working on muscles and joints, which results in the activation of muscle tissue,
Specialized exercises according to the method of Dr. Bubnovsky help activate the strength of the female body to fight uterine myoma.
Dr. Bubnovsky associates the development of fibroids with insufficient activity of the muscles of the pelvic floor, abdominals and lower back. According to the expert, the study of these areas has a positive effect on the state of the uterus and helps to eliminate myomatous nodes. In the treatment of fibroids, these exercises occupy one of the leading positions, since they allow to cope with other diseases of the female genital sphere.
Arnold Kegel's technique is based on training the muscles of the perineum to strengthen them. It is believed that the weakness of muscle fibers and the stagnation of blood in the pelvic organs increase the risk of developing diseases of the uterus. To reduce myomatous nodes, supporters of this technique offer the following exercises:
- Quickly squeeze and unclench the vaginal muscles for 10 seconds,
- Squeeze the muscles and leave in this position for 5-10 seconds,
- During urination, interrupt urine flow for a few seconds. Repeat up to 5 times.
Variations for this gymnastics developed a lot, and such training will definitely benefit. Even if myomatous nodes do not decrease, there will be a chance to strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor, and this is the best prevention of uterine prolapse, urinary incontinence and other problems that await a woman after menopause.
In case of cervical myoma, Kegel exercises are not recommended.
Physical exercises according to the Kegel method for cervical uterine myoma are contraindicated.
The practice of yoga will depend on how the fibroid behaves. If the disease is accompanied by obvious symptoms, the goal of training is to stabilize its growth and avoid the development of complications. The complex of exercises is based on the following principles:
- All techniques that can increase blood flow in the uterus and cause knot growth are excluded: abdominal pressure manipulations (nauli, uddiyana-bandha, agnisara-dhauti-kriya), intense effects on the pelvic region (Mayurassen), twisting asanas, exercises that increase abdominal pressure cavities
- At the location of the fibroids in the cervix, do not use the techniques associated with training the muscles of the pelvic floor (mula bandha, ashvini mudra),
- The emphasis is on static loads and asanas that require quiet execution and concentration.
The complex of yoga exercises in uterine myoma is similar to those used during pregnancy.
With tumors in the uterus, yoga exercises should be dosed with a little stress.
In an asymptomatic tumor with a size of up to 2 cm, almost all asanas are resolved, however, the load should be moderate, the introduction into practice should be smooth and gradual. It is recommended to visit the gynecologist every six months and undergo an ultrasound scan to monitor the state of the tumor.
Of particular interest is the description of qigong technique in uterine myoma. This is a complex of physical and breathing exercises that help reduce myoma nodes and improve the general condition of a woman. In the Zhong Yuan Qigong system, attention is paid to the opening of energy channels and the activation of certain points on the body. Applied and methods of spiritual practice, in particular, reading the mantra. According to practicing yogis, high-quality work on themselves triggers cell regeneration, stabilizes hormones, promotes the adoption of a woman's essence and thereby eliminates the nodes located in the tissues of the uterus.
Pilates practice is based on yoga asanas. Indications and restrictions do not differ from those when practicing various yoga practices. With myoma, the load on the abdominals and pelvic floor muscles is also reduced, and the emphasis is on static exercises.
Therapeutic gymnastics and fitness
Uterine fibroids imposes its limitations on fitness and therapeutic exercises - in the gym or at home. Often, separate groups for women are organized in health centers, where possible problems and contraindications are taken into account.
With myoma you can do:
- Therapeutic gymnastics (exercise therapy) under the supervision of a trainer. Ideally, in a group for patients suffering from uterine fibroids or other hyperplastic diseases,
For physical therapy classes, women with reproductive system pathologies should preferably be grouped into specialized groups.
Women who have never played sports can start with swimming in the pool or aqua aerobics. At the same time, visits to the sauna or steam room should be avoided. Although the effect of high temperatures on myoma has not been proven, it is better not to risk it with heavy periods.
When uterine myoma can not do:
- Exercises on the press, including standard workouts for weight loss, vacuum, etc.,
- Pose "bar" and the like in Pilates,
- Weight training with weight lifting (over 3 kg)
- Dances that put pressure on the abdominal muscles (including belly dancing),
- Quick run, sudden movements, jumps,
- Torsion wrap with weighting.
Women with uterine myoma is not recommended to twist the hoop with weighting.
Breathing exercises will benefit a woman, but care should be taken here. Some exercises related to the effects on abdominal muscles are contraindicated in this pathology.
Under the ban are any training related to the warming up of the pelvic organs. High temperatures stimulate blood flow in the uterus, which can trigger the growth of myoma nodes.
When you can not play sports
Physical activity is prohibited in such conditions:
- Frequent uterine bleeding, including very heavy menstruation,
- Anemia of severe bleeding
- Intense pain in the lower abdomen,
- Signs of torsion of the leg of the tumor or necrosis of the node (by ultrasound),
- Large myomatous nodes with compression of the pelvic organs.
It is not recommended to continue training if they cause pain, lead to increased monthly discharge or the development of bleeding.
Physical activity after an operation to remove fibroids deserves special attention. In the first 1.5 months, it is recommended to avoid any loads, including lifting. Allowed quiet walks for about an hour a day (with good health). In the future, recommended exercise therapy in special groups with a gradual increase in load. After 4-6 months after surgery, a woman can play sports as usual, but only if there are no contraindications. Before starting workouts, you should consult a doctor.
Possible effect of physical activity on uterine myoma
Medical statistics indicate that myoma tumor is not a reason for the rejection of exercise and sports. On the contrary, it has already been proven that uterine fibroids and sports are compatible.
You will rarely see a young beautiful woman with a slender figure and a flat tummy at a gynecologist who would come to an appointment about her uterine fibroids. This is the sad fate of those ladies who rarely visit the gym or are not at all friends with sports. There is a direct relationship between extra pounds and benign tumors of the uterus. Therefore, obese women suffer from this disease.
Excess weight may be due to hormonal imbalance, which also contributes to the development of fibroids.
Sports are useful for the prevention of uterine fibroids and its complex treatment. Exercise is especially recommended for women who have a genetic predisposition to this pathology.
But physical activity, like a medal, has two sides. Sport does not always bring health benefits alone. Consider both the positive and negative effects of sports training on the course of such a disease as uterine fibroids.
Today, most women have a tendency to reduce physical activity, a sedentary lifestyle, unhealthy diet. All this leads to venous stasis of blood in the pelvic organs, overweight, endocrine disorders, susceptibility to stress.
Uterine fibroids, as has been reliably proven, is a hormone-dependent tumor and occurs if the body has a high content of estrogens. The excess fat layer is a depot of female sex hormones. Excess weight leads to pathological conditions - hyperestrogenic and hypertension. And this is a favorable background for the appearance of myoma nodes in the uterus.
The accumulation of excess adipose tissue leads to an imbalance between progesterone and estrogen.
Morning exercises or simple gymnastic exercises improve the blood supply to the muscles and organs of the small pelvis, eliminate congestion, have a tonic effect, increase stress resistance and activate the body's defenses, prevent hormonal imbalance. All this helps to reduce the risk of developing uterine tumors.
And if myoma is already there, is it helpful to work out in the gym and, if so, what are the limitations? After all, it is known that increased blood flow in the uterus can lead to rapid growth of tumor nodes or uterine bleeding.
It is unlikely that a doctor will completely ban physical activity for a woman, if prior to the discovery of fibroids she led an active lifestyle. Most likely, the doctor will recommend to limit sparing sports mode. Diving, jumping, basketball, volleyball, skiing, ice skating and other extreme sports are prohibited.
Those who used to be far from the sport will be prescribed physiotherapy exercises with low intensity loads to maintain muscle tone.
But, as they say, "nodes knot strife." And those strength training that is allowed for one type of fibroids, can be categorically contraindicated in complicated variants of the tumor.
Gymnastics and sports are permitted in the presence of uterine fibroids. It is only necessary to choose the intensity of physical activity. What kind of sport you can practice is determined by the doctor after a full examination.
Allowed physical activity depends on the size of the fibroids, its localization and the presence of complications.
What is not recommended for women with myoma when playing sports
In order to answer this question, you need to know what type of fibroids a woman has:
- Submucous fibroids. The most dangerous type of fibroids in terms of physical exertion is a tumor with a submucosal arrangement (nodes grow inside the uterus). A common clinical symptom of submucous lesions is uterine bleeding. With this type of fibroids, exercises designed to strengthen the press should be avoided. Such training can increase blood flow in the muscles and provoke severe bleeding, leading to severe anemia. Training the abdominal muscles is an excellent means to prevent uterine fibroids, but with existing nodes it will bring more harm than good. The exercise “vacuum” in myoma and concomitant endometriosis also cannot be performed due to the pressure difference between the chest and the abdominal cavity,
- Subserous myoma. This tumor grows in the direction of the peritoneum and is located outside the uterus. This is the most favorable option fibroids, which allowed moderate exercise. But if the tumor has a leg, then there are contraindications for playing sports. Weight lifting, sudden change of body position, “twisting” of the body are not allowed. Fitness is allowed, but you should refrain from exercises that involve active and sharp movements. Such loads can lead to malfunction of the node or torsion of its legs and, as a consequence, to emergency surgery,
- Interstitial fibroids located in the thick muscle wall of the uterus. Since sports exercises in this case lead to an intense contraction of the muscles of the myometrium and cause unpleasant or even painful sensations, during training you need to monitor your well-being and if it worsens, consult a doctor.
Types of uterine fibroids, depending on its location.
There is a dependence of sports restrictions on the size and location of the tumor. If there are many nodes or the uterus exceeds the average values, then contraindications to active training become larger.
When myoma is strictly prohibited:
- The tension of the abdominal muscles,
- Aerobics with sharp jumps and swing,
- Sports acrobatics,
- Breath-holding exercises and body flex,
- To lift weights more than 3 kg, as well as sports equipment - weights, barbells, dumbbells,
- Run on speed and with obstacles
- Jump rope at a fast pace
- Squat sharply.
All these exercises contribute to an increase in pressure in the pelvis and increase blood circulation in the organs, including the uterus and nodes. If the tumor has a good blood supply, then it has all the chances to increase in size, which is completely undesirable.
Abrupt changes of position and intense physical exertion can lead to complications of fibroids.
If you have recently undergone surgical treatment of fibroids, you have heavy menstruation or uterine bleeding with severe anemia, if the tumor has reached a large size or you suffer from attacks of pain, then any increased load should be immediately eliminated.
What exercises are permissible or even useful
With uterine myoma, doctors recommend choosing light physical exertion. Intensive sports enhance blood circulation in the pelvic organs. And since the nutrition of the tumor is also due to blood supply to it, the activation of blood flow can contribute to its growth.
Physical exercise in this pathology is not excluded at all. They are permissible and useful, but in all it is necessary to observe the measure. Do not think that exhausting exercises at the simulators will be more beneficial than, say, walking.
Gynecologists recommend their patients to pay attention to light gymnastics, Pilates or yoga. And the most appropriate sport, according to doctors, is swimming and water aerobics. Swimming is especially useful if there is overweight - in the water decreases the load on the spine and joints.
Swimming relieves the spine and strengthens all muscle groups.
To maintain physical fitness with myoma, popular qigong gymnastics is not prohibited. Exercises involve smooth movement, switching attention from external stimuli to internal sensations and immersion in a state of "quiet joy."
Myomatous nodes are an indication for exercise therapy. Physical therapy is carried out in all medical institutions under the guidance of an experienced instructor.
If “leg myoma” is excluded, then stretching exercises are welcome. Muscle stretching and yoga classes maintain a healthy tone of tissues, normalize metabolic processes in the body, cause pleasant fatigue, improve mood, set up a woman in a benign mood. Positive attitude helps to successfully fight the disease.
All movements during exercise should be done smoothly and slowly.
You should not abruptly join the sport, if before the occurrence of the disease you have never been engaged in it. In this case, walking, swimming, yoga and pilates, jogging, water aerobics, on a treadmill or exercise bike are recommended.
For therapeutic purposes, Iyengar yoga can be used, to which there are no contraindications. All poses and breathing techniques are done gently and smoothly.
If you want to start playing sports, then yoga will be the best choice for myoma.
There is a specially developed set of exercises on the system of Dr. S. Bubnovsky associated with the activation of the muscles of the pelvic floor. The method is aimed at eliminating venous stasis in the pelvic organs, normalizing blood flow in them (using simulators and without special tools). The treatment of fibroids with physical culture according to Bubnovsky is available to both trained women and beginners. Exercises are performed supine or side with the involvement of the muscles of the pelvis, buttocks and abdomen. The full gymnastic complex can be found on the website of the Bubnovsky clinic.
Kegel gymnastics is also associated with strengthening the muscles of the pelvic floor and has no limitations. You can spend it at any convenient time, and invisible to others. To do this, in a sitting or standing position, squeeze and unclench the muscles of the perineum and vagina. For beginners to start, you can simply rhythmically reduce and relax the intimate muscles. Then you can complicate the exercise and keep the pelvic muscles in a state of contraction for 5-30-60 seconds. It is recommended to do "intimate gymnastics" 3 times a day.
Kegel exercises are prevention of pelvic organ prolapse and strengthen the muscles of the pelvic floor.
The negative effects of physical exertion
Before embarking on sports, you must visit a gynecologist. Специалист назначит УЗИ малого таза, оценит размеры матки и расположение узлов на ней, учтет возможные осложнения. Врач посоветует, какие упражнения будут полезны при миоме матки.
Спортивные упражнения должны приносить удовольствие. Их не нужно делать через силу или в течение строго определенного времени, например, один час. It has been described above that improperly selected loads can cause bleeding or cause an attack of acute pain due to torsion of the legs of the tumor. Such conditions are life threatening.
If during exercise you feel discomfort, weakness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, sharp pains in the lower abdomen - immediately stop exercising.
If adverse symptoms appear, you should lie down or sit down, breathe deeply and quietly. Perhaps after a rest everything is normalized, but you will need to reconsider the intensity of physical exertion.
If uterine bleeding has opened or severe pains are concerned, then you will not be able to cope with this problem yourself. We need to call an ambulance. Delay in providing medical care in such a situation will lead to a large blood loss or necrosis of the tumor. Urgent surgery may be required.
As you can see, exercise can help and hurt. Therefore, before the start of classes is necessary to consult a specialist.
Of course, using exercise alone or yoga can not cure myoma. Sports loads with uterine myoma are of an auxiliary nature and are not intended to completely cure ailment. Properly chosen set of exercises and training regime help to normalize weight, restore hormonal balance and deprive the tumor growth opportunities.
Sport and myoma
Exercises for uterine myoma are shown. However, the exercises should not be strength. Also, you can not make sharp turns and tilts. Gymnastics and exercises for taking natural postures (slow turns, bending, sinking) are best suited. Enough to perform them for 10 minutes a day.
When doing fitness or gymnastics, the load must be adjusted according to the pulse rate. It should not exceed 100-110 strokes. You can do 1-2 times a week for 1.5 hours.
In the water to play sports with uterine myoma is very useful. Swimming provides a uniform muscular load on the whole body. Does not provoke tissue warming in the neoplasm. Does not exert on them a point load. The load is not sharp, which also has a positive effect.
Swimming helps to lose weight. Aligns the location of internal organs. However, it is important to remember that the load must be increased gradually. Also, do not jump into the water. Shown aqua aerobics. But the set of exercises should be selected so as not to include sharp movements.
Yoga with myoma has a positive effect. It involves slow stretching without sudden changes of postures, and therefore can be carried out. However, exercises with a load on the abdominal muscles should be avoided. It is better to develop the program individually. To help in this can teacher or instructor LFK. But in general, the practice is similar to that used for pregnant women.
Yoga with myoma can be therapeutic. That is, to improve the patient's condition. But the set of exercises in this case should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
It is forbidden with myoma!
Strength training aimed at the study of muscle mass, are contraindicated. They cause active muscle tension, which can result in uterine myometrial spasm. In such a situation, bleeding may begin or an attack of acute pain may occur.
Can I press the press with uterine myoma? This is one of the most popular exercises for many. It is completely contraindicated in tumors in the reproductive system. Muscle tension in this zone will increase blood flow to the tumor. As a result, bleeding may begin.
The same goes for lifting a barbell. This exercise also causes tension in the abdominal muscles. This leads to bleeding and pain.
It is forbidden with myoma!
Is it possible to do fitness with myoma? Fitness, like Pilates, with neoplasms is not prohibited. However, it is very important to choose the right exercises. In particular, the following types of activities are prohibited during fitness classes and Pilates:
- Sharp slopes
- Permanent abdominal vibrations,
- It is forbidden to jump,
- Intense and overly active corners are also undesirable.
Is it possible to run with myoma? The answer to this question depends on the intensity of the load. Rapid sprint, hurdling and weighting are clearly prohibited. They can cause a rush of blood to the pelvic organs. On the other hand, a slow “medical” run is indicated for any diseases. However, the duration of the load should be discussed with a physiotherapy specialist or trainer.
Is it possible to twist the hoop with uterine myoma? This is one of the most harmful exercises for this diagnosis. Such exercises activate blood supply to the reproductive organs. As a result, growth of the neoplasm can accelerate.
Regardless of the type of load on the muscles, with neoplasms in the uterus, it is not necessary to do it without consulting with the trainer. You can also discuss a set of exercises with an exercise therapy doctor.
The benefits of physical education
Some types of exercises in uterine myoma are shown. They help to have a positive effect on the body in several ways:
- Reduces the amount of estrogen responsible for the growth of fibroids,
- Strengthen the muscle frame, as fibroid is a load for the body,
- Normalize the metabolism and metabolism, resulting in a normal hormonal status,
- Allow to fight with excess weight, which is a predisposing factor for the development and growth of fibroids,
- Swimming also promotes uniform placement of organs.
The importance of physical activity should not be neglected. But the main type of load should be physiotherapy. Moreover, experts have developed a set of exercises for the normalization of the body with this diagnosis.
When is sport prohibited?
Even minimal physical exertion with myoma should be removed in the following cases:
- The postoperative period
- During menstruation,
- During exacerbations when the stomach hurts,
- In the presence of uterine bleeding,
- With the formation of very large sizes,
- When torsion legs fibroids,
- With the active growth of tumors.
In any case, if there is a neoplasm, it is necessary to consult with a doctor before the start of classes.
Gymnastics with uterine myoma is shown. But she should not assume sudden movements. It will be better if the exercises are aimed at a gradual stretching of the muscles. It is worth doing the following exercises:
- Pushups, holding the back straight (5-7 times),
- Lean on your knees and sit on your heels, then lean forward with your whole body and stretch your arms to the floor,
- Alternately pull back the right, then the left foot, standing on all fours,
- Sitting, raise both legs and slightly rotate the feet, then lower,
- Raise your hands up while inhaling and then slowly lower them.
Intensive breathing exercises with this diagnosis are not recommended. It is recommended to perform the exercises every day for at least 10-15 minutes. This will help to improve well-being. However, you should not assign them yourself. You need to contact a specialist to develop an optimal set of loads. This is especially true of those who have recently had an operation to remove fibroids. After embolization of the arteries also can not expose themselves to stress.
What to consider when practicing
Sports activities in case of a benign neoplasm should meet the following condition: during exercise, the pulse should not increase by more than 30 percent from normal. It is also important after a couple of months of regular workouts to visit the gynecologist again. The doctor will evaluate the state of the tumor and tell you whether it is worth it to continue to work.
The main recommendation in sports is the absence of sharp movements, as well as those that contribute to the heating of tissues in the abdomen. The program should be as gentle as possible.
What loads are useful for myoma
Sometimes sport can even be beneficial for a woman’s body. Physical exercise of certain types will be a good prevention of uterine fibroids. And those who already have the first symptoms will help prevent the development of a tumor.
Hike in the pool can improve women's health and in addition to tighten the figure. It is believed that regular swimming or aqua aerobics can help reduce weight, help improve the work of the digestive system. But it is important to monitor the smoothness of movements. There should be no sudden jerks, jumps into the pool, it can only aggravate the disease.
Plus swimming exercises in that they help to distribute the load on all the muscles of the body, and also do not allow to overstrain the press, which is unacceptable during a tumor.
In the gym and at home
Doing sports with uterine fibroids can be anywhere. In the hall, preference should be given to cardiovascular machines: a treadmill, bicycle, orbitreku. At the same time, it is important to choose a suitable training pace. Experts note that when practicing on such simulators, the pulse should not exceed 110 beats per minute.
Houses can also be practiced on a treadmill or bicycle. The hula hoop also helps to fight fat deposits. But you should pay attention to the fact that in case of uterine myoma it is recommended to choose only the simplest option. Hoops with additional weighting, balls better put aside.
Also at home you can do a special fitness exercises. It includes exercises chosen by gynecologists, so there is no need to fear that such exercise will harm myoma. In drawing up the complex, the individual characteristics of the woman, her age, and the state of the tumor are taken into account.
Another option for physical activity is morning gymnastics. It will keep the body in good shape. But with uterine myoma, the exercises should be unsharp, corresponding to the natural postures, for example, different bends and turns of the body.
This type of load behaves quite contradictory in relation to women with myoma. As it was said earlier, experts insist that women with a benign tumor should exclude all sorts of sudden movements from their exercise complexes. But this is a feature of fitness, it is built on intensity. therefore the program should remove the following types of load:
- sharp slopes
- active side turns,
- on the press.
However, some women can do this kind of training. But you should definitely consult with your doctor and choose only programs for beginners.
Oriental techniques will be a good form of physical activity in myoma. These exercises include yoga and pilates. Most of the exercises in these programs are designed to stretch. If press loads are encountered, they should be excluded.
It is worth noting that there is a therapeutic kind of yoga. It differs in that the complex of exercises is selected by the doctor.
Yoga and Pilates help improve the elasticity of tissues, form a strong frame that supports the pelvic organs. As a result, the woman protects herself from enlarging the tumor and moving it to a more severe stage.
When to abandon the sport
Physical activity usually only helps in the initial stages of the disease. But if there are more serious symptoms of uterine fibroids, it is better to give up sports altogether. Excessive stress on the body of a woman is contraindicated in the following cases:
- if the representative of the fair sex is in the rehabilitation stage after surgery on the genitals,
- uterine fibroids is accompanied by bleeding,
- if in the process of playing sports there are painful and unpleasant feelings,
- fibroids reaches sizes larger than average and is attached on the leg,
- if the tumor is actively growing.
Loads to be avoided with myoma
Given the fact that sudden movements in benign education of the uterus are contraindicated, it should be said about those types of training that should be left aside. Among the loads, contraindicated in uterine myoma, are noted:
- Swing press. The essence of this exercise is to perform fairly sharp and intense movements, which can lead to a twist of fibroids on the leg. And this is fraught with bleeding.
- Torsion hulahupa with weighting and uneven terrain. As mentioned above, only plastic wrap is suitable without additional options.
- Training with dumbbells and barbells. Weight lifting is contraindicated in myoma, as it can lead to hemorrhages and even pain shock. Also, such loads can cause the formation of tumors, if it is attached to the leg.
- Belly dance. Some believe that such a load will only contribute to the development of abdominal muscles, will accelerate blood circulation. But it should be understood that belly dancing is effective only as a preventive measure. If the tumor has already been diagnosed, it is better to refuse it.
And here more about why after sports there was a bloody discharge.
If a woman begins to develop uterine fibroids, this does not mean that you need to drastically change your lifestyle and stop playing sports. Physical activity of a certain type within reasonable limits does not harm health at all. But if the tumor still appeared, you should definitely consult a gynecologist for advice. Only an experienced doctor will be able to correctly determine whether to play sports and how.
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