Climax is an inevitable period in the life of every woman. When a woman's sex glands cease to function in a normal tone, menopause occurs, which is called menopause.
When a woman is about fifty years old, many body functions slow down. The speed of metabolism is actively reduced, the skin, in which the level of collagen gradually decreases, begins to fade. Also, women in menopause may appear illnesses that are absent in a young body.
Simply put, climax is the period of transition from a young to a mature age, with some functional changes in the reproductive system. One of the indicators of the beginning of menopause is the complete cessation of the menstrual cycle.
What are the symptoms of menopause in women after 50 years? You will learn about this by reading this article.
Stages (stages) of menopause
Before finding out what are the symptoms of menopause in women over 50, let's consider its stages. Doctors distinguish three stages of menopause. The first, also known as premenopause, is characterized by a decrease in the functionality of the ovaries to a partial cessation of the menstrual cycle after fifty years. The second stage of menopause is peremenopause, characterized by a scanty menstrual cycle with irregular indicators, flushes, an increase in the speed of the heartbeat, night sweats. The third and last stage of menopause is postmenopause. At this stage, the amount of estrogen in the woman’s body is significantly reduced, and its level acquires stable low rates. The menstrual cycle is complete.
Early menopause is the period of menopause in women under the age of forty. At what age it is the beginning of early menopause, it is difficult to say, since the age range varies from fifteen to forty years.
Artificial menopause is considered to be the period after undergoing chemotherapy, radiotherapy, the use of the strongest drugs, dulling the natural functions of the ovaries, removal of the ovaries surgically, even if the uterus remains intact. After the action of drugs or surgical intervention in the work of the ovaries, menstruation does not occur. Artificial menopause is characterized by hot flushes, increased sweating and insomnia at night. But not all women have a period of artificial menopause in the regime of strong general discomfort. There are frequent instances when a woman perfectly tolerates all physiological changes in her body.
The main symptoms of menopause
What are the main symptoms of menopause in women after 50 years? These include: drowsiness or insomnia, a “vegetable” condition, frequent and sharp headaches. The most common complaints of women also include: shortness of breath, dizziness, loss of consciousness, apathy, unstable work of the cardiovascular system with frequent heart pain.
What else can be observed symptoms of menopause in women after 50 years? This tingling of the palms and feet, paresthesia, pain in the muscles and joints, lower back and back are prone to aches. The abrupt appearance of a large number of new wrinkles also speaks of the coming period of menopause. Due to a change in the hormonal background, women may begin to lose hair, or, conversely, hair growth in unwanted places will increase.
Women who have reached the age of fifty often have irregular menstrual cycles, voluntary vaginal bleeding, frequent hot flushes, and cold sweats regularly occur.
What are the secondary symptoms of menopause in women over 50? We can not say about the female causeless change of mood. Fatigue caused by even the simplest work, nervous tension and long depressions also accompany climax. Additional indicators of the onset of menopause in women of fifty years of age include: frequent urging to the toilet, drying of the mucous eyes, nose, and coarsening of the skin of the lips. Naturally, sexual desire is reduced to a minimum due to the discomfort of reducing hormones, possible weight gain.
Symptoms of menopause in women after 50: hot flashes
Women who already have fifty and more often suffer from such a disease as hot flashes. By themselves, tides are an uncomfortable sensation in the upper body. This discomfort is manifested in the reddening of the skin on the chest, neck, face, as well as in the increased temperature regime of the body, sensation of heat. Tides can last from a few seconds to five minutes, and reddening of the skin can be either mild or severe. Particularly strong tides occur in those women who have their ovaries removed. This is due to low levels of the female hormone estrogen.
In the light stages of the tides, you just need to wash in cold water or take a cool shower. If the tides are too frequent and not short-term, it is worth asking for help from a doctor. It is always worth remembering that self-medication can lead to unforeseen consequences. If at high tide a woman loses consciousness, feels a strong fever in the upper part of the body, or her hands and legs are numb, there is a tingling sensation in the whole body, you need to seek qualified help from a doctor.
General recommendations for women
Women of rather solid age should clearly understand that the more they are nervous and worried about menopause, the stronger will be its main symptoms. Stress is very detrimental to the nervous system of women, which provokes not only increased intensity of menopause, but also the development of an inferiority complex. Next, you need to make sure that in the house or apartment was a constant circulation of fresh air. In a cool room, it is much easier for women to sleep than in heat.
Wearing warm clothes in advance, with the feeling of the onset of high tide, a woman can take off everything warm, thereby relieving her general condition.
Symptoms of menopause in women after 50: treatment
At the first manifestations of menopause, you need to consult a doctor. After all, you already know about the symptoms of menopause in women. Treatment should not be independent. You should not try a pharmacy to consult a pharmacist for the purchase of a drug that eliminates the symptoms. Only a gynecologist and a therapist have the right to prescribe a woman medication. The most common drugs include pills, drops, ointments, patches.
In addition to the main drugs that help fight menopause, additional drugs are prescribed to maintain the overall health of the whole body. These drugs include sedatives and immunostimulants.
It is known that the symptoms of menopause in women over 50 years of age can make themselves felt differently. Reviews of women say that it is all individually. Some women say that menopause is somewhat similar to pregnancy. The same frequent changes in eating habits, swelling of limbs, mood swings. Others say that there is a strong burning sensation in the groin area, redness and even cracks in the genitals may appear.
Almost all women over the age of fifty speak about delays in the menstrual cycle, frequent flushes. At high tides, almost everyone has a desire to plunge into a cold bath and sit like that for hours. Women claim that without the help of special drugs prescribed by a doctor, it is very difficult to postpone the period of menopause.
For most women, menopause began precisely with irritability and mood swings, apathy or aggression. They noted that such a state causes both physical and moral discomfort. Often these feelings lead to nervous breakdowns.
From the opinions of many women we can say that menopause is a very unpleasant phenomenon, which most often causes a lot of inconvenience in everyday life. Symptoms of menopause in women after 50 and the treatment was described in this article. We can conclude that you need to deal with the disease both with medications, and with the help of proper nutrition, good sleep and minimizing the effects of stress on the body.
Irregular menstruation during the premenopause
The decrease in the quantitative release of estrogen leads to an imbalance of the hormonal balance in the body. The maturation of the egg does not occur. An imbalance of hormones is the cause of endometrial hyperplasia. Thickened lining of the uterus during rejection leads to uncontrolled bleeding.
With a decrease in the number of sex hormones, the endometrium does not reach the desired thickness. There comes a long delay of menstruation, after which there is a spotting of blood.
For menopause is characterized by a decrease in all hormones, followed by a pulse release of estrogen. This entails maladjustment of the body. The intervals between periods become different.
In the middle of the cycle, a small endometrial detachment occurs at the junction of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. Marked mucous discharge with streaks of scarlet blood.
The time of menopause is determined by the content of eggs in the ovaries, environmental factors and genetic predisposition. The period of transition from preclimacteric to menopause can last a year or longer.
Symptoms of menopause
Climax at age 50 is considered normal. According to the time of appearance and character, there are 3 sets of symptoms.
The first group combines the early signs of menopause in women:
- hot flashes to the body
- increased sweating
- pressure fluctuations
- decrease in sexual desire.
This is a typical manifestation of menopausal syndrome occurs in 40-60% of cases.
The second group includes delayed symptoms. The time of their appearance is 1-3 years after the onset of menopause. Their prevalence is 30–40%. These include:
- dry vagina
- pain during intercourse,
- urinary incontinence,
- nail exfoliation,
- hair breakage,
- the appearance of wrinkles.
The third group combines the late symptoms of menopause in women after 50. The time of their manifestation ranges from 2 to 7 years. Most serious:
The frequency of manifestation ranges from 20-30%. The cause of late symptoms is a violation of metabolic processes, which affects the bone tissue and the vascular wall.
The most common manifestation of menopause are sudden flushes of heat to the body. They are characterized by an unexpected reddening of the skin of the face, neck, and chest. Accompanied by a burning sensation, sweating, palpitations, shortness of breath, anxiety.
Tides occur at the time of release of sex hormones. Their duration ranges from a few seconds to 2-4 minutes. Observed up to 4-6 times a day. With severe tides disturb every hour.
Most tides are increasing during the day, especially in a stressful situation, but sometimes at night. Frequent nighttime hot flashes make menopause worse.
Against the background of a decrease in estrogen production during menopause, a violation of the secretion of mucous secretions by the vaginal cells occurs. This leads to a decrease in the number of lactobacilli that protect against external infections. The growth of intestinal bacteria, streptococci and staphylococci is activated. Inflammation develops, characterized by swelling of the mucous membranes, itching, pain during intercourse. A reduced content of mucous contents and swelling is perceived as dry in the vagina.
The reduced level of estrogen in menopause leads to atrophic changes in the muscles not only of the genital organs, but also of the urinary system: ureters, bladder, urethra. There is a decrease in tone and muscle relaxation.
Failure of the urethral sphincter entails urinary incontinence. Initially, this manifests itself with a sharp increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity (coughing, sneezing, laughing). If untreated, the disease progresses. Urine is leaking and alone. It gives a woman inconvenience and causes inflammatory diseases:
- groin dermatitis,
With timely initiated therapy, the effect is observed in 70%. After late treatment, a positive result is observed only in 30% of cases.
During menopause, the lability of the nervous system is characteristic. This is expressed in depression, irritability, insomnia, increased excitability. Psycho-emotional manifestations in menopause are associated with impaired stable hormone levels in the blood. There is a failure in the production of endorphins (hormones of happiness) in the brain. The emotional state is normalized when the body adapts to a new level of hormonal levels.
Due to the extinction of ovarian function, fatty tissue takes over the production of estrogen. It should be borne in mind that the metabolic processes in the body during menopause slow down. For effective treatment of symptoms, first of all you should pay attention to nutrition during menopause.
The diet should be complete. Excess calories will result in fat deposition in the hips and abdomen. It should limit the use of fatty meats and fish. A daily intake of fresh vegetable salad with vegetable oil normalizes the work of the intestines. The oil contains vitamins A and E, possessing a protective property.
A diet containing dairy products, low-fat cottage cheese, sour cream will help saturate the body with calcium. It is known that calcium is better absorbed from food than from drugs. It prevents the development of osteoporosis and bone fragility.
For drug treatment is used:
- complex vitamins (menopace, lifemin),
- calcium preparations (calcemin, calcium-D3),
- Magnesium (Magne B6, Magnetic),
- homeopathic remedies (remens, zimifugol, ciclim),
- hormone replacement therapy (femoston, klimonorm).
In most cases, the fight against menopause is just the right diet, taking complex vitamins and homeopathic medicines. But with medium and severe course, it is necessary to appoint hormone replacement therapy.
Can I get pregnant after 50 years with menopause
With the appearance of early signs of menopause, the woman loses her vigilance and forgets about the need for contraception. However, within a year after the last menstrual period, the release of the egg is quite likely. Thus, getting pregnant after 50 years is possible.
Symptoms of pregnancy imposed on menopausal disorders, atypical, detected late. Unstable hormones affect the accuracy of the tests. Pregnancy tests are uninformative. You must perform a blood test for hCG.
Fifty years is only a part of life, many interesting things are yet to come. Climax is not a hindrance. It is a natural process of changing the body. A woman opens up new opportunities for creative realization. Correctly correct the treatment of unpleasant manifestations of menopause is fully able to qualified doctor.
The first symptoms of menopause in women after 50 years
Climax is an inevitable phenomenon that women fear. The most likely age of its occurrence is 45-50 years. Overdue menopause is considered a pathology. Stage, anticipating menopause, called premenopause. Disruptions in the functioning of the reproductive mechanism begin - menstruation becomes irregular and scarce. Entry into menopause (menopause) occurs a year after the last menstruation.
Surgical menopause occurs at any age after the removal of the uterus or ovaria. Complete cessation of the functioning of the ovaries stretches for five years. From this moment on, a woman enters a phase that anticipates old age - postmenopause.
When and why comes menopause in women
The onset of menopause is associated with the aging of the body, the gradual cessation of the production of female sex hormones in the ovaries, and the depletion of the supply of eggs. Due to the lack of these substances, the functioning of all systems is disrupted, therefore, a woman has various ailments and even serious diseases, as well as her appearance. Hormonal restructuring occurs within a few years, after which the menstruation stops, the fertility decreases.
Climax conditionally divided into 3 periods:
- Premenopause is the time of the first signs of extinction of the reproductive function.
- Menopause - complete cessation of menstruation. It is believed that this period has come if they have not been for 1 year.
- Postmenopause is the completion of hormonal adjustment, after which the obvious manifestations of hormonal changes disappear, but the effects of a lack of female hormones remain.
The normal age of the cessation of menstruation is 48-55 years. But the signs of menopause in women appear by 40-45. And the postmenopausal period sometimes occurs only after 60 years.
Climax, which began before the age of 45, is considered early. Его причиной могут быть операции на яичниках, эндокринные заболевания, употребление гормональных препаратов, генетические особенности организма.
Late is called menopause, occurring in women older than 55. The reason for the delay in its onset is heredity, as well as the presence of neoplastic diseases leading to hyperestrogenism.
Heredity is considered the main factor determining the time of onset of menopause. As a rule, in grandmother, mother, and daughter, menopause occurs at about the same age. But there are other factors that can accelerate the aging of the body and the onset of menopause. These include the socio-psychological climate and the conditions in which the woman lives, the nature of the injuries and diseases she has experienced.
Symptoms of menopause
If menopause occurs in a 40-45-year-old woman, then the cycle interruptions, the change in the nature of menstruation, and the appearance of ailments will most likely be associated with a disease. In order to dispel doubts about their nature, special tests may be needed, confirming that irreversible hormonal processes take place in the body.
At the age of 51-55, a woman usually already expects the arrival of menopause and is unlikely to miss the appearance of his first signs:
- increasingly scarce periods, with increasing interruption,
- unreasonable short-term sensation of heat,
- blood pressure surges,
- bouts of irritability,
- frequent urination,
- decrease in sexual desire.
Note: The symptoms at this age are not so painful for many women. Realizing that they are natural, women do not always pay due attention to them. Meanwhile, the risk of developing serious diseases at this time is much higher.
50 is the critical age at which most women begin to manifest ailments due to lack of sex hormones.
Menstruation comes with an interval of 2-6 months, bleeding is replaced by a smearing brown discharge, until it disappears completely. If a woman is more than 50 years old, then she is more likely to have malignant tumors, the only symptom of which is bloody discharge in the early stages. Therefore, she is recommended to undergo an annual check-up at a gynecologist in order to not miss the onset of a deadly disease for the symptoms of menopause.
Due to the slowing down of metabolic processes in the body, the absorption of nutrients from food is significantly reduced. Lack of calcium and magnesium leads to deterioration of bone tissue. Bones become more fragile, increased risk of fractures. In addition, collagen production decreases, which leads to the destruction of cartilage. As a result, pain in the joints (arthritis), spine. Changing gait, posture, reduced growth.
The reason is the deterioration of the digestive system, liver, biliary organs due to aging of body tissues. Violation of water-salt, fat, carbohydrate metabolism leads to an increase in body weight or a sharp weight loss, to the occurrence of diabetes, thyroid disease.
Malfunctions in the digestive system lead to constipation. This can cause the omission of internal organs (uterus, intestines and others). It also contributes to the weakening of muscles and ligaments due to lack of collagen.
In 51-55 all women suffer from this disease. The functioning of the glands that produce mucus in the cervix, practically stops. The lack of lubrication leads to the fact that the surface of the vagina becomes vulnerable, there are microcracks, areas of atrophy. Since mucus also plays a protective role, preventing the infection from penetrating into the uterus, when a woman suffers it, inflammatory diseases of the organs of the genitourinary system often occur in women. The woman is bothered by bladder cramps, frequent urination, burning and itching in the genitals, and unusual discharge.
Nervous System Disorders
They cause a change of character. A sweet and gentle woman can become irritable and aggressive. The appearance of depression, causeless anxiety, fear, apathy, insomnia is a sign of menopause at any age. But in youth it is easier to cope with them, while in old age the fear of being left without work is added, of becoming unnecessary for adult children, and of panic over the coming deterioration of health.
Tides arising from disorders of the autonomic nervous system and disruption of the centers of thermoregulation of the brain, occur in most women during menopause at the age of 50, as well as at a different age. Some seizures occur occasionally, lasting 5-15 minutes, others have long and very frequent, depriving women of strength. Attacks of heat are accompanied by profuse sweating, facial flushing, lack of air, increased heartbeat.
Lack of estrogen, primarily affects the state of the heart muscle and vascular walls. It is in 50-55 that a woman develops symptoms of heart disease (atrial fibrillation, tachycardia, ischemia), suffer from attacks of hypertension and headache in the morning.
A warning: You should not postpone the visit to the doctor when the first symptoms of such pathologies appear. The sooner treatment is started, the more chances to delay the development of the disease or get rid of it. The main thing is not to self-medicate. Sometimes lost time causes the most severe complications.
A woman at this age needs to undergo a general examination at least once a year: check the sugar content in the blood, do pelvic ultrasound, to notice the occurrence of uterine diseases in time, undergo preventive gynecological and breast examinations. It is important to seek advice from a therapist, urologist, cardiologist, endocrinologist.
Additional signs of menopause include dry skin and a sharp increase in wrinkles, loss of hair on the head, growth of hair on the face, reduction of pubic and armpit hair, flabbiness (involution) of the mammary glands, sharp deterioration of vision, hearing, memory, dental health, numbness fingers
What determines the severity of menopause
The severity of symptoms is influenced by the following factors:
- general health, the presence of diseases of the ovaries and uterus, endocrine disorders,
- the number of pregnancies, childbirth, abortions, operations on the uterus and ovaries,
- the presence or absence of sexuality, sexual activity,
- immunity, physical form,
- lifestyle, the presence or absence of bad habits.
How to ease the appearance of menopause
If a woman suffers from the onset of menopause, too often there are painful attacks of hot flashes, headache, signs of osteoporosis, cardiovascular and other disorders, the therapist sends her to specialist doctors, and also recommends a blood test for hormones. In some cases, hormone replacement therapy is used to alleviate the symptoms of menopause and prevent the development of diseases. Preparations based on female sex hormones can increase their content in the body and slow down the aging process. They are selected for each patient strictly individually, since exceeding the norm threatens with the onset of obesity, cancer.
Calming drugs and immunity enhancing medications are also prescribed. When menopause occurs in women at 50 years of age, vitamins are especially needed: A, C, PP, E, D, K, Group B, as well as mineral components based on calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, iodine, selenium. Therefore, doctors recommend taking them in the form of complex drugs.
Moderate exercise (swimming, cycling, walking), hardening of the body, the fight against excess weight contribute to an easier flow of this period. We must try to calmly respond to stress, provoking the development of hypertension and heart disease. It is necessary to stop smoking, drinking alcohol, too spicy food and strong coffee.
Why is it coming?
Climax - the inevitability of each person, he comes due to age-related hormonal changes, when they stop producing two important hormones for health, estrogen and progesterone.
It is worth noting that this issue is relevant not only for women, but also for men, only if for women this period is manifested by more pronounced physiological changes, for men it is defined as a decrease in sexual function and the risk of a number of diseases, such as adenoma, prostatitis, diseases of the cardiovascular system.
But not only age is the cause of menopause.
The following factors can also trigger it.:
- Bad habits, such as smoking, alcohol, long-term use of antidepressants and narcotic substances, anabolic steroids, contraceptive hormonal drugs,
- Wrong, sedentary lifestyle. For the proper functioning of all body systems, you need good blood circulation, which is disturbed by a sedentary lifestyle. Ideally, a person should take at least 10,000 steps a day, otherwise, health problems begin, and one of them is the premature extinction of the reproductive function, the reproductive system,
- Frequent stress, physical fatigue, lack of sleep. Regular nervous and physical stress brings the body out of balance and disrupts all physiological processes, starting with metabolism, ending with the production of hormones. That is why it is so important, especially after thirty, to try to avoid stressful situations and to give at least 6 hours of sleep a day,
- Hereditary factor
- The presence of diseases of the reproductive system, poor living conditions,
- Numerous surgical interventions in the pelvic organs, frequent abortions.
The climacteric period is divided into three phases, namely:
- Premenopause. This phase consists in the appearance of the first signs of the coming menopause — physiological disorders, unstable mood, and other symptoms, which we will discuss in more detail a little later.
- Menopause is the cessation of the production of estrogen and progesterone by the ovaries and the cessation of the menstrual cycle.
- Postmenopause - complete extinction of reproductive function and hormonal changes in the body.
Each phase is characterized by its symptoms and requires serious medical supervision.. This is the only way to avoid the negative manifestations of menopause.
And now let's look at all the questions concerning the raised topic in detail.
When does the menopause usually come in women and how long does it last?
Normally, menopause starts from 38-43 years and lasts 7-9 years. It begins with the first harbingers, by which it is possible to determine the impending hormonal changes and ends with postmenopause, after the occurrence of which it is necessary to monitor your health very carefully.
Along with early menopause, there is also a late menopause, which begins at 54-56 years. Like early, late menopause is a pathology and may (although not necessarily) indicate the presence of disease.
Already after thirty, a woman may be confronted with such precursors of menopause:
- The appearance of tides - that is, the emergence of a feeling of intense heat, accompanied by a failure of heart rhythm, excessive sweating, fainting, nausea,
- Frequent migraines
- Pressure jumps
- Pain and bloating
- Pain in the mammary glands,
- Sleep disturbance and mood swings. There is tearfulness, irritability, instability of the emotional state,
- Dramatic skin aging and body odor,
- The occurrence of dry mucous membranes,
- The deterioration of the hair and nails caused by the lack of important hormones for the formation of cellular background,
- Swelling and pain in the joints,
- The appearance of bone fragility.
And the main harbinger of menopause is a failure in the menstrual cycle, its short duration and small amounts of discharge. When these signs are found, it is necessary to visit a general practitioner and gynecologist to determine further measures to prepare for the menopausal period to minimize its negative consequences for your health..
How to delay the offensive
Studying information about the climacteric period, each woman thinks about the question: is it possible to delay the onset of menopause? The gynecologists answer is positive.
In order to increase your reproductive age, attention should be paid to the following factors.:
- It is important to review your diet, excluding from it fatty foods, easily digestible carbohydrates (fresh bread, pastries), include fiber in the diet, vitamins,
- It is necessary to lead an active, lively lifestyle. Good blood circulation stimulates the ovaries, which in turn prolongs the production of estrogen and progesterone and slows down the aging process,
- It is also necessary to stop smoking and taking alcohol, hormonal contraceptive drugs,
- And the last - after thirty you should regularly undergo examination in the gynecologist's office and examination of the endocrine system in order to timely detect the smallest violations and take effective measures to eliminate them.
Treatment of menopause after 50 - how to make it go painlessly?
Very rare cases when menopause without training and medical care is absolutely painless.
Medical assistance in overcoming the negative manifestations of the climacteric period are as follows.:
- The appointment of special hormonal drugs (they are appointed on the basis of the testimony of blood and urine tests) to compensate for the lack of certain hormones in the blood to normalize the general condition and functioning of all body systems,
- Upon detection of severe disorders of metabolic processes, anabolic spectrum preparations are prescribed to prevent premature aging and psycho-emotional disorders,
- Since menopause strikes at the endocrine and cardiovascular systems, on the basis of ultrasound and cardiogram readings, preparations are prescribed to improve the condition of the thyroid gland and the heart muscle.
The beneficial herbs in pre- and postmenopause include:
- Red clover,
- liquorice root,
- calamus root,
- and some other herbs.
We shared with you all the secrets of competent preparation for the climacteric period and ways to reduce its negative manifestations.. Be attentive to your physical condition, regularly visit the doctor for early detection of the smallest violations and be healthy!
Causes of menopause
The main reason is age. Due to the loss of childbearing function, menopause at age 50 and at an older age is accompanied by the following changes:
- metabolism slows down
- the process of the production of sex hormones fades,
- inhibited the process of cell renewal.
Harmful habits and environmental circumstances accelerate the onset of signs of menopause in women, and hormone-containing oral contraceptives slow down. The development of tumors leads to the removal of the ovaries and urethra - surgical climax. In addition to the loss of the body that produces hormones, the development of climacteric changes contributes to the mental state, characterized by the following shocks:
- awareness of the loss of ability to bear children,
- loss of sex appeal
- loss of libido
- predisposition to depression and stressful situations.
Much attention in the treatment of climacteric symptoms is given to providing the body with vitamins and the organization of good nutrition. The female body during menopause needs the following vitamins:
- Tocopherol - Vitamin E. Participates in the synthesis of steroid hormones. Extends the functional viability of the ovaries.
- Retinol - vitamin A. It slows down the aging process, prevents the development of dry mucous membranes. Shows anticarcinogenic effects.
- Ascorbic acid - vitamin C. Antioxidant, stimulates the immune system, prevents the development of tumors.
- Ergocalciferol - vitamin D. It prevents the development of osteoporosis.
- Thiamine and pyridoxine (vitamins B1 and B6) restore the functioning of the nervous system. Relieve insomnia.
In addition to vitamins, calcium, magnesium and boron are beneficial substances for men. Pharmacists offer the following preparations containing sources of vitamins and minerals that eliminate the symptoms of hot flashes and hinder the development of tumors associated with deficiencies of sex hormones:
- Alphabet 50+,
- Calcium Complite,
Symptoms of menopause in women after 50 years
The climacteric period in the life of every woman is an inevitable phenomenon. And the older the woman becomes, the more intense the symptoms of menopause in women over 50 years of age. It is in this elegant age that a woman is almost helpless in the aspect of preserving youth. And all the changes that occur with the body, from dryness of the skin to excess weight, are most likely associated with the extinction of the work of the sexual sphere. What is the beginning of menopause.
Phases of menopause
In the context of the swiftness of modern life, women are more often exposed to constant stresses and physical overloads, which leads to imbalance of nutrition and irregularity of sex life. These factors are the basis for early menopause, which, according to medical statistics, may now occur in 35 years.
But, considering the normal functioning of the female body, for which the extinction of all important organs occurs by the age of 45-50, it is worth noting that menopause is a capricious phenomenon, prone to occurring not only individually, but also at different stages.
In principle, gynecologists share three main stages of the climacteric period:
- the first stage is the initial one, when the menstrual cycle is still relevant, but its periodicity is changed. At this time, ovulation ceases almost completely, and the work of the appendages gradually reduces activity. But, despite these characteristics, doctors recommend using contraceptives for a full-fledged sex life,
- The second phase is characterized by partial disappearance of menstruation, accompanied by increased sweating, the presence of arrhythmias and a feeling of lack of air during the period of regular bleeding. During this period, it is quite possible to change the duration of the cycle, both upward and downward. In addition, bleeding becomes less heavy,
- The final stage is called postmenopause, when the irreversibility of hormonal changes reaches its peak. This stage takes place after the expiration of the annual period from the last menstruation. Normalization of the general health of a woman is characterized by the disappearance of dyspnea, flushing of blood vessels to the head and face.
Also today, the formulation of “artificial menopause”, which appears in women suffering from serious diseases, is very relevant. After a strong intensive therapy: chemical or radio exposure, as well as hormonal medication or surgical treatment with complete resection of the ovaries, premature aging of the genital area is normal.
Ovarian exhaustion syndrome is exposed by women of Balzac age when it is too early to talk about menopause, and the symptoms of its manifestations already exist. In contrast to this diagnosis, late menopause is considered relevant in the normal functioning of the female genital organs after 50 years. Usually, prolonged menopause is said after its first signs that appeared in the period of the 55th anniversary.
Medicine explains the phenomenon by the fact that nature initially endows the fair sex with a certain quantitative (ovarian) reserve of eggs and follicles in the appendages. During the whole life, not only the supply given by the body gradually wears out, but also the ability to regenerate tissues disappears, which leads to the individualization of the menopausal period.
About symptoms more
Signs of menopause in women necessarily manifest themselves when they reach the age mark of fifty years. And most of them are found in almost every woman.
- The menstrual cycle is the most important criterion in the diagnosis of "menopause" and determining the stage of its development. Usually, the delay in the arrival of monthly bleeding is more common than the reverse reduction of the time interval between them. The nature of the bleeding also changes, most often in the type of heavy and prolonged. More scarce and rare monthly talk about the transition of the first stage of menopause into the second. This symptom is due to the fact that the production of progesterone is reduced to the impossibility of the uterine mucosa to be reformatted to the secretory stage. Such manifestations have an individual course, which results in a significant difference between the duration of such a symptom: in some women it may be present for a couple of months, in others - a year or half.
- Hot flashes - a definition that is clear only for menopause, linking such manifestations as: hyperhidrosis, significantly increased at night, sharp staining of the skin of the face and neck in a red tint, sensations of throwing fever and a feeling of suffocation. The symptom is associated with impaired estrogen production, which is responsible for the normal state of the cardiovascular system. Hence, a sharp rush of blood to the blood vessels of the head, giving redness. Especially hard symptom experienced obese women suffering from diabetes and blood pressure instability.
- General somatic signs of menopause in 50 years are reduced to fatigue, decreased vigor, drowsiness, apathy, and faint faintness.
- Headaches, dizziness and darkening in the eyes with a sharp change in the position of the body accompany the female body due to hypertension, which is greatly enhanced due to climacteric changes.
- Nervous system disorders of the type of increased irritability, depressive manifestations, abrupt changes in the emotional background, painful sensations in the musculoskeletal system, loss of strength in the limbs and tingling sensations in them also occur in some women.
- The loss of signs of beauty in the aspect of the rapid appearance of wrinkles, severe hair loss, tingling of the nails and teeth is significantly associated with menopause. Therefore, the question “how to lose weight during menopause” is not relevant at all against the general background of problems.
- The complete lack of desire to have sex is due to a violation of hormonal content, which does not exclude a strong orgasm.
- Sometimes the aging of the genital organs affects the urinary system, which is a consequence of frequent urination, as well as urinary incontinence with a sharp tone of the abdominal muscles: laughter, coughing, sneezing and others.
Individualization of such a process as signs of menopause in women may have unexpected manifestations, so you should consult a doctor for advice to rule out the development of any disease.
How to help the body survive menopause
In the conditions of modern development of the medical field today it is easier to come to terms with the phenomenon of menopause symptoms in a woman after 50. In addition to subsidiary drug therapy, you can follow some of the recommendations of doctors for the rapid removal of a manifestation:
- hot flashes and skin redness are weakened by washing with cool water. At home, it is better to use the shower, which will also help relieve nervous tension,
- treatment of menopause with taking vitamins and sedatives, prescribed individually by a doctor, will relieve from nervous disorders and the feeling of “weakness”,
- healthy lifestyle with the refusal of bad habits and the activity of motor reflexes,
- the balance of the diet should be built in the aspect of increased content of vegetables and fruits, with a complete restriction of salty, smoked, fatty dishes. It is also very useful to be regular intake of fatty fish of marine origin, legumes and cereal products. Milk and dairy products are necessary in adulthood, even in the absence of menopausal manifestations,
- the state of physical and psychological rest should be commensurate with the expenditure of energy during the day,
- it is worth consciously forgetting about the obsessive idea of all women “how to lose weight,” because during the period of menopause, it is the subcutaneous fat layer that makes it easier to survive the hormonal imbalance,
- in case of strongly pronounced symptomatology, doctors prescribe correctional therapy, which may contain hormone replacement therapy with contraceptive preparations containing mainly a complex of pure estrogen and gestagens. Moreover, thanks to the development of the pharmacological industry today, hormones can not be taken orally, that is, there are patches, suppositories, gels, ointments that eliminate the visual physical consequences of using hormone-containing medications,
- homeopathic and phytotherapeutic agents are also very effective, significantly improving the general condition with a systematic and prolonged reception.
Despite the severity of the climacteric period, it is worth remembering that bad habits and excess weight increase the symptoms. In this case, doctors often advise patients of adequate recipes from the field: how to lose weight without harm to health in old age and with benefits for all stages of menopause. Usually a good effect in getting rid of excess weight is a sauna, yoga, water aerobics, swimming and cycling.
Menopause in women: symptoms, age, treatment
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment. Menopause (menopause) is a period in a woman’s life when the menstrual cycle stops completely. Menopause on average occurs at the age of 51 years, but a woman can overtake at 40, but no later than 55.
Menopause in the narrow sense of the word is part of the natural aging process. The result is a reduction in ovarian function, and thus the production of the main female sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone.
It is estimated that the average woman in her reproductive life has about 380 to 400 cycles. With the onset of menopause, the menstrual cycles stop, and with them the production of hormones, which leads to a number of clinical symptoms.
The organs and systems that are most dependent on hormones (especially estrogen) are also the most vulnerable to these changes. This is primarily the brain, skin and mucous membranes, urinary system, bones and blood vessels.
As a result of certain changes that occur in the body, the quality of life is significantly disturbed, and more importantly, the risk of developing chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis and senile dementia, increases. Menopause is predetermined genetically, and does not depend on the number of pregnancy and childbirth, breastfeeding, the use of hormonal contraception, socio-economic status, race, education, height, weight.
The only thing that needs to be noted is that bad habits, such as smoking and drinking, and unhealthy eating habits can shorten the onset of this period.
How menopause begins in women: symptoms
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment
The diagnosis of menopause can only be established after 12 months of amenorrhea, or the absence of menstruation. Premature menopause can usually occur before the age of 40 years. If menopause occurs after 55 years, it is called late menopause. The transition or transitional period to menopause usually takes ten years before the final cessation of the monthly cycle.
With age, a woman's reproductive abilities begin to decline, it becomes more difficult to become pregnant, and the frequency of miscarriages increases. Significant hormonal changes occur 8 years before menopause, and during this period, women notice the irregularity of menstrual cycles with numerous clinical signs.
Symptoms of estrogen deficiency in the body
As a result of a sharp drop in estrogen levels, the first symptoms of menopause occur - fatigue and exhaustion, which occur in almost 90% of women. Psychological problems tend to manifest as depression in 50-60% of women, and sleep disorders in 75%. In addition to increased fatigue in women, so-called "hot flashes" appear.
The effects of estrogen deficiency can be observed for 5-10 years after menopause, and mainly manifested as urogenital atrophy, changes in skin and hair, decreased libido and decreased cognitive functions.
Symptoms of urogenital atrophy are almost one-third of women aged 50 years, and after 60 years - 80 to 90% of women. Due to the extreme thinning of the mucous membranes, problems such as dryness, itching and burning in the vagina occur. With an estrogen deficiency, skin thickness, moisture and elasticity are reduced.
Skin thickness is reduced by 7% per year, hair and nails become thin, dry and brittle. The long-term lack of estrogens and androgens undoubtedly impairs the cognitive functions of the brain, and is reflected in the weakening of memory and concentration.
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment
Late symptoms of estrogen deficiency become more pronounced and significantly reduce the quality of life after 10-30 years of menopause. Cardio-vascular diseases after 50 years cause almost 50% of women to die.
Osteoporosis is a systemic disease, which is characterized by a reduced density of bone microstructure with a high tendency to fractures. It is caused by increased bone resorption due to the lack of estrogen in the body.
It is cardiovascular diseases that are the most serious consequence of menopause. Osteoporosis is also called "silent disease." Fractures occur most often as a result of falling, but often the bone becomes so fragile that fractures can be for no obvious reason. Osteoporosis is associated with loss of teeth, due to bone atrophy of the tooth alveoli. Menopause also affects eye health - cataracts, dry eyes, increased pressure in the eye, blurred vision and tearing.
Hearing loss and the development of dementia greatly increases with aging, and after 65 years this risk doubles every five years. The most common forms of dementia are Alzheimer's disease and vascular dementia, and estrogen deficiency plays a crucial role in the development of both forms. Osteoarthritis is the most common disease of the joints, its frequency increases with age, and is especially common in women after 50 years.
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment
Treatment of menopause in women
Elimination of certain manifestations of menopause helps to normalize a woman’s quality of life and restore her physical condition. Clonazepam can be used to normalize night sleep and eliminate nighttime tides.
If a woman has high blood pressure, then she can recommend continuous use of AT2 blockers and ACE inhibitors. For neuropsychiatric disorders and chronic insomnia, sleeping pills are recommended. Also, when the blood glucose level rises, patients are prescribed drugs that lower blood sugar.
It is very good to go through the course in the period of menopause: massage, therapeutic gymnastics, various physiotherapeutic procedures, hydrotherapy and sanatorium-and-spa treatment.
In some cases, doctors prescribe hormone replacement therapy for the treatment of menopausal syndrome. Appointment of hormonal treatment is recommended if the patient in the period of menopause began complications: cardiovascular disease, obesity, severe osteoporosis, type II diabetes, etc.
Hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated in:
- uterine bleeding of unknown etiology,
- malignant tumor of the female genital organs,
- breast cancer,
- a previous stroke or heart attack,
- severe hepatic and renal pathology,
- thyroid diseases,
- preparation for surgery.
During the premenopausal period, to relieve discomfort and discomfort, to normalize the cycle, for women who have not yet completed menstrual bleeding, it is recommended to take: Klimonorm, Divina, Klimene, Cycloprogenova, Femoston. And for women who already have menstruation, you can take: Kliogest or Klivial.
Climax in women: symptoms, age, treatment
Depression during menopause: treatment
To eliminate psycho-vegetative syndromes in the premenopausal period, women are prescribed the latest generation of antidepressants, such as Fluoxetine, Sertralin, Citalopram, etc.
Important! The use of such drugs is prescribed only for pronounced emotional disorders. And if there are contraindications for prescribing hormone therapy, and if the patient herself does not want to take hormonal drugs.
Treatment of tides folk remedies
Hot flashes are the most painful symptoms of menopause and the use of various medicinal plants is recommended to alleviate the condition. However, this method has some side effects, so it would be better to consult a specialist before starting treatment.
Folk healers to reduce climacteric tides recommend vegetable estrogens, which in the required amount contained in soy products. Only not bioadditives that contain a component of soy, but real soy products obtained by fermentation.
For relief of hot flushes, black kokosh is recommended. The course of admission lasts no more than six months. But the main side effect of taking this drug is an upset stomach. Black primrose oil can be used to treat menopausal disorders. It is not recommended for women who use blood thinners and may cause nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
Menopause and its phases
Menopause is the climacteric phase of a woman’s life. Функции яичников постепенно угасают, происходит перестройка в работе женского организма, менструации сначала становятся нерегулярными и менее обильными, а затем полностью прекращаются.
Сегодня многие женщины сталкивают с ранним наступлением менопаузы и климакса. This is due to frequent stresses, adverse environmental conditions, irregular sexuality, unbalanced nutrition, lack of physical activity. The combination of negative factors can cause a woman’s menopause to occur at the age of 35, and not at the age of 50, as is more often the case. It is worth noting that these changes are individual in each case; each woman has a climacteric period in different ways.
Experts identify 3 phases of the menopausal period:
- I initial phase. During this period, menstruation is still there, but the cycle becomes irregular. Ovulation almost completely stops, there is a decrease in the activity of the appendages. Experts advise women in this period to use contraceptives that allow you to have a full sex life,
- Phase II During this period, menstruation is partially interrupted, and a woman faces during menstruation with excessive sweating, arrhythmia, and lack of air. The cycle can change the duration, be more or less. There is a decrease in the abundance of secretions
- Phase III is postmenopause. By this time, hormonal changes reach their peak. The onset of this stage is set 1 year after the last menstrual period. The condition of the woman is normalized, shortness of breath, flushing to the vessels of the face and head disappear.
Experts today talk about another phenomenon - surgical menopause. It appears if a woman suffers from serious illnesses requiring radio or chemical exposure. This applies to the reception of a large number of hormonal drugs, surgery on the organs of the reproductive system, in which it is possible to remove the ovaries. In this case, the aging process of the reproductive system is considered natural.
As a rule, the first signs of menopause in women in 50-52 years. The combination of unpleasant symptoms adversely affects the quality of life of a woman. She is subject to constant ailments, psycho-emotional state becomes unstable. This period is transferred in each case individually. Specialists identified the main symptoms that during this period most women are worried about:
- Failure in the menstrual cycle is one of the main signs of menopause. As a rule, the woman notices that the delay between the onset of menses increases significantly. Bleeding becomes more scarce. This is due to the fact that menopause moves from the first to the second stage and significantly decreases the production of sex hormones. This manifestation is individual in nature. In some women, the irregularity of the cycle before the completion of menstruation lasts up to one and a half years, while in others it is only a few months.
- Due to the fact that the production of estrogen decreases, frequent flushes begin, cutting of the redness of the skin of the neck and face is observed, the woman feels choking, sweating increases. This symptom most of all troubles brings women with overweight, those who suffer from instability of blood pressure and diabetes. No less discomfort brings increased night sweats. In some cases, the woman needs to completely change the bedding, nightgown, how much sweating is.
- Menopause in 50 years has common signs that all women face - fatigue, drowsiness, reduced performance. Some experience faint fainting in this period, which can occur abruptly.
- The climacteric period becomes the cause of hypertensive disease, if the woman has it. Many suffer from constant headaches, frequent dizziness.
- There is increased irritability, bouts of apathy, depressive moods. A woman's mood changes dramatically. Nervous system disorders cause pain in the musculoskeletal system. Some women complain of weakness in the arms and legs, a feeling of tingling, numbness may appear.
- The climacteric period adversely affects the appearance of the woman. Wrinkles appear, dry skin is observed, hair may fall out, nails become brittle during this period, and the condition of the teeth deteriorates.
- Hormonal changes lead to loss of sexual desire. Dryness occurs in the intimate area due to loss of natural lubrication. Intimacy is accompanied by uncomfortable, often painful sensations.
- Frequent urination is another sign of menopause. Many are faced with urinary incontinence during coughing, laughing.
These symptoms are generalized, but the flow of menopause is always individual. In order not to miss the moment of development of the disease of the organs of the reproductive system, it is better to contact a specialist with complaints, he will prescribe the correct treatment, help normalize the condition, give the necessary recommendations.
As a rule, the menopausal period does not require diagnosis. It is enough for the specialist to examine and interview the patient so that the combination of symptoms indicates a menopause. Diagnosis is needed for women under 50 years old. It helps to establish - is it early menopause or the beginning of the development of a particular disease.
The specialist prescribes the following studies:
- Ultrasound of the pelvic organs,
- a blood test for sugar to rule out possible disease
- blood test for the level of sex hormones,
- a blood test for thyroid hormone levels,
- analysis of bone density - this is necessary to establish the possible development of osteoporosis, which is caused by a reduced level of estrogen.
After receiving tests, the doctor examines the level of hormones, the state of the pelvic organs, sees the thickness of the endometrium. The set of results allows you to diagnose the onset of menopause or the development of pathology.
How to help yourself
To treat the symptoms of menopause need to be comprehensive - this is the only way to solve the problem and stabilize the condition. A specialist may prescribe drugs that alleviate the condition, but if a woman does not change her lifestyle, she does not begin to help her body cope with unpleasant symptoms, then medicines will not be able to fully stabilize her well-being. Refusal of bad habits, proper nutrition, exercise is a part of therapy to eliminate the symptoms of menopause, depending only on the woman.
Herbal medicine to relieve the unpleasant symptoms of menopause has been used for a long time. Herbal medicine for menopause helps in the case of mild menopausal syndrome. If the symptoms are severe, then these drugs will not be effective.
The basis of drugs are phytoestrogens, extracted from plants. They are analogues of female hormones. Drugs can be created from one plant or be a combination of several. Phytoestrogens cannot provide instant effect, they work accumulatively. Herbal medicine is a time-consuming treatment method. Treatment takes courses between which there are breaks. Independently choose phytotherapeutic drugs is prohibited, it makes the doctor after the necessary examination, history taking.
For the manufacture of medicines suitable:
Hormone replacement therapy is a common strategy for treating menopause symptoms. Prescribed medications are artificial female hormones. The basis of the drug may be pure estrogen or a combination of estrogen with a progestogen. Hormone therapy is systematic and lasts a long time (at least 6 months). It is necessary to take pills daily, if an estrogen patch is prescribed, it changes 2 times a week.
The hormonal drug is individually chosen by the doctor after the examination, collecting the patient's history. In the course of therapy, the woman will undergo regular check-ups and take the necessary tests. It is strictly forbidden to change the dosage of the prescribed drug, interrupt treatment, change drugs.
Estrogen local action
Local estrogenic drugs are prescribed to patients for whom, for certain reasons, hormone replacement therapy is contraindicated. Estrogen can be in the form of a cream, vaginal suppositories. The cream should be evenly applied to the genitals, candles inserted into the vagina. The cream can also be inserted into the vagina with a special applicator. The duration of therapy is determined individually by the doctor, based on the clinical picture of the climacteric period. As a rule, treatment of menopause with local preparations is prescribed in short courses, during which the specialist monitors the patient's condition. If necessary, can be replaced prescribed drugs.
Features of menopause in women after 50 years
Throughout life, every woman goes through several stages of development of the body. At first, the girl is in the neonatal period, when all systems and organs develop and begin to contact with the external environment. During this period, the ovaries already have all the eggs that are in a "dormant" position. Next is the period of childhood, then the period of sexual development, during which the development of all secondary sexual characteristics occurs and the girl matures for the continuation of the race. Then the period of puberty, which lasts about thirty years. Everything ends with menopause - the involution of the reproductive system. This is a physiological process, but it has its own characteristics that you need to know in order to regulate the state of the body and know exactly when something is broken.
Climacteric period is conditionally divided:
- premenopause - a period of 45 years before menopause,
- menopause - the period of the last menstruation, the average age is about fifty years,
- postmenopause is the period from the last menstruation to the end of a woman’s life.
All these periods are characterized by successive changes in the body.
- The involution of the highest regulatory center is the hypothalamus, which is characterized by a gradual decrease in the sensitivity of the hypothalamus to the influence of estrogens, which violates its regulatory function on the principle of reverse regulation.
- The level of pituitary hormones increases - follicle-stimulating and luteinizing, which may further contribute to the development of various benign processes in the uterus in the form of fibroids, fibroids.
- In the adrenal glands increases the production of adrenaline and noradrenaline due to impaired normal regulation of the hypothalamus function of peripheral organs.
- The number of sensitive special estrogen receptors decreases in the ovary and in the uterus, which contributes to dysregulation of these organs.
- The most specific changes occur in the ovaries in the form of atresia of the follicles, destruction of the membranes, the death of oocytes and the preservation of only stroma, which helps reduce the amount of secreting estrogen. This in turn disrupts feedback to the hypothalamus, which further increases the changes.
- There is not enough stimulation of the pituitary gland and the secretion of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones is disrupted, which leads to the anovulatory cycle without the release of an egg cell.
As a consequence of all these processes, there is not enough hormone concentration and alternation for the onset of the next normal menstruation, and menstruation does not occur - this is the period of menopause.
Postmenopause is characterized by the complete absence of menstruation. And the role of hormone synthesis takes on the adrenal glands and adipose tissue, but this is not enough to compensate for the estrogen deficiency, and in parallel increases the production of androgens.
The first signs of menopause in women - it may not necessarily be the absence of menstruation, since this process is gradual. The first symptoms are often vasomotor and emotional-mental in nature. A woman is worried about irritability, mood swings, depression, decrease in sexual desire, insomnia, fatigue.
Also, vegetative manifestations can often be bouts of sweating, fever, headache and palpitations. These are, as a rule, the first clinical signs of premenopausal onset, and later - changes in the ovaries and uterus develop and menopause begins with a gradual cessation of menstruation.
Mental changes in menopause in women after 50 years
Throughout life, a woman has a specific hormonal background, which is caused by the concentration of the main female sex hormones - estrogen and progestogen (progesterone). These hormones do not have a strictly specific effect on the female genital organs, but they also affect the mental state by regulating the processes of inhibition and arousal in the central nervous system.
First, with the onset of menopause, a feeling of aging of the body comes and the woman realizes this, which is the basis of other psychological changes. Against the background of a decrease in estrogen, dysregulation of nerve impulse transmission processes occurs. At the same time, mood changes are often observed, which can often change - in the form of irritability or lability of the psyche, depressive thoughts, restlessness, tension. There is also increased fatigue, sleep disturbances such as insomnia or drowsiness, impaired performance and daily activity. Expressed reduction in sexual desire and vasomotor manifestations.
The feeling of a fading heart or, on the contrary, increased heartbeat, sweating, blood pressure lability - all this is associated with mental changes, since the conduction of the nerve impulse and the regulation of excitation and inhibition processes in the central nervous system are disrupted.
All these mental changes even more disrupt the morphological and functional state of the female reproductive system, since the emotional and functional state are closely interrelated. Therefore, in the complex treatment of such conditions, psychotherapeutic treatment is very important.
Hormonal and functional changes in the body during menopause
All changes in the body of a woman with menopause after 50 years are associated with a violation of the amount of hormones and their insufficient function. Normally, estrogens and progesterone regulate the functioning of the nervous system, bone tissue, cardiovascular system, and processes of mineral metabolism. During menopause, the level of estrogen decreases, their regulatory effect on the vascular tone of the brain and peripheral tissues decreases, which in turn contributes to the disruption of the adrenal glands. A high level of catecholamines contributes to a change in pressure, causes heartbeat and vegetative reactions in the form of a sensation of sweat tides, a sensation of hot face.
In the body, the extratypic sources of estrogen synthesis begin to be activated - this is adipose tissue, as well as the adrenal cortex, which causes an increased synthesis of androgens, leptin, and mineralocorticoids. They have other undesirable effects in the form of obesity, masculinization, decreased libido, and water and sodium retention, which affects the development of hypertension.
Such hormonal changes entail violations of the internal organs.
The cardiovascular system suffers due to hypercatecholaminemia, which is characterized by arrhythmias in the form of interruptions in the work of the heart, paroxysmal tachycardia. The processes of regulation of vascular tone are disturbed, which contributes to periods of peripheral vasospasm, an increase in peripheral resistance and an increase in blood pressure. Also arterial hypertension contributes to the retention of sodium and water and an increase in circulating blood volume.
Disruption of hormonal balance during menopause causes a metabolic disorder in the form of hypercholesterolemia, dyslipidemia. This is an unfavorable sign and therefore often in this period ischemic heart disease and angina.
Another serious disorder occurs with bone tissue. Reducing the level of estrogen contributes to the removal of calcium from the bones, impaired its absorption in the intestine and the development of osteoporosis. This causes clinical manifestations in the form of pain in the legs, fatigue, muscle twitching.
Later changes in the internal organs during menopause are trophic changes in the urethra, which contributes to the sensation of burning and frequent urination. Also, there is dry skin of the genital organs, itching, unpleasant sensation during sexual intercourse. This contributes to the frequent development of urogenital infections, since the barrier function of the vaginal mucus is impaired.
The general condition of the body is inhibited, cell differentiation processes are reduced and aging of the skin, the appearance of wrinkles, dryness and brittleness of the nails and hair, hair loss occurs.
All these changes in organs and systems are interrelated and predictable, therefore, to correct such conditions and prevent serious complications, it is recommended to carry out treatment with hormonal drugs. Use different complex drugs, individually selected.
Симптомы климакса у женщин после 50 лет свидетельствуют о старении организма, и каким-бы нежелательным был этот процесс – он необратимый. Since a sharp hormonal decline disrupts all internal organs and affects the metabolism, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist when the first symptoms of menopause occur. Then you can carry out the correction of hormonal disorders by taking a combination of hormonal drugs, which will contribute to the gradual change of hormones without drastic changes in the work of organs and systems.
What is menopause in women: symptoms, age, treatment of possible problems
Menopause (menopause) is a period of gradual attenuation of the body's reproductive function, which is caused by a decrease in the production of sex hormones. At this stage, the menstrual flow becomes irregular, scarce and stops with time. This is due to a decrease in the production of estrogen and progesterone, by the depletion of the follicular reserve of the ovaries during menopause, their atrophy, which leads to a decrease in their weight and size by almost two times.
Signs of menopause, as well as the time of their first appearance, vary and are individual for each woman. Someone may complain of hot flashes, headaches, unstable blood pressure, and someone - almost ignore the changes in their own body, except for the cessation of menstruation. If the symptoms of the onset of menopause cause a deterioration in the quality of life in a woman, then appropriate therapy is prescribed, which will be described below.
When the first signs of menopause appear: age of women
The time of occurrence of this period is individual for each woman and depends on a number of factors (heredity, general health, the number of births in history). On average, the age of onset of the first symptoms of menopause is 50 years, but in some cases, the onset of menopause can be observed at both 40 and 60 years.
We should also note the early menopause. Symptoms of this condition can begin as early as 28-30 years. If the first signs of menopause occur so early, there is a risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis at a young age.
The first symptoms of menopause in women 40-50 years of age: how does menopause begin?
Among the common signs of menopause, which manifest themselves primarily, are the following:
Hot flashes, sweating. It is the tides that are the first signs of menopause that 75-85% of women face. Hormonal restructuring of the body during menopause has an effect on thermoregulation processes. As a result of changes in hormonal background during menopause, a woman may suddenly feel bouts of heat, usually lasting a few minutes and passing by themselves. The mechanism of their occurrence is associated with the effect of estrogen on the hypothalamus, which is the center of thermoregulation, which controls the processes of heat preservation by the body. When the amount of estrogen in menopause decreases, the hypothalamus receives signals of overheating of the body, as a result, the function of increasing sweating and expansion of peripheral blood vessels is activated. At such moments, the woman’s face and neck turn red, sweat appears on her skin, her heartbeat quickens, dizziness, nausea and weakness may be present. At the end of an attack, profuse cold sweat may occur, accompanied by the appearance of a shiver.
- Heart rhythm disturbances during menopause. Tachycardia in menopause is caused by a decrease in the level of estrogen, which normally affects the maintenance of normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
- Dizziness, headache. These symptoms of starting menopause may be due to high / low blood pressure, as well as its sudden drops.
- Forgetfulness. Changes in hormonal levels lead to a decrease in vascular tone and affect cerebral blood circulation, which is why women during menopause complain of memory problems.
- Unstable emotional background during menopause. Reduced levels of estrogen and endorphins lead to tearfulness, irritability, and excessive sentimentality.
- Low levels of thyroid hormones (hypothyroidism). Symptoms of hypothyroidism in women in menopause are represented by apathy, impaired concentration, hair loss.
- Vaginal dryness, itching and burning in the vagina during menopause. By reducing the level of estrogen, a decrease in the production of natural vaginal lubrication is observed, the intensity of blood flow in the vessels of the vaginal walls decreases, and the mucous membrane is thinning. All this leads to dryness and itching, intimacy during menopause causes painful sensations.
- Osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is one of the dangerous symptoms of menopause, which can lead to bone fractures. The reason for the decrease in bone density is the gradual leaching of calcium from the body, as well as in violation of the processes of assimilation of phosphorus and vitamin D, lack of silicon, boron, fluorine, magnesium and manganese.
- Weight gain. Weight changes are explained by a decrease in the rate of metabolic processes, an attempt to compensate for the adipose tissue of extragonadal synthesis of sex hormones, which is one of the characteristic symptoms of female menopause.
- Decreased skin tone. One of the functions of estrogen is to maintain the elasticity of the skin. As the production of these hormones decreases, the skin tone worsens, resulting in wrinkles, dryness, peeling during menopause.
Problem features of menopause in women: symptoms and treatment
In some cases, the manifestations of menopause give the woman such a strong deterioration in the quality of life that in order to reduce them, you have to seek medical help. Below you will find general information regarding the treatment of the symptoms of menopause, but remember that a specialist should be responsible for prescribing the therapy. Self-medication can lead to new health problems and aggravate the manifestations of menopause.
Treatment of hot flashes with menopause
With frequent and intense flushes of heat, delivering physical and emotional discomfort to a woman, menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) drugs can be prescribed. Their composition includes analogues of sex hormones - both plant and synthetic origin. Most often it is a combined agent based on estrogen and progesterone, which has a protective effect on the uterus (endometrium) and mammary glands.
For best results, it is desirable to start taking hormone replacement drugs at the very beginning of menopause, when its first symptoms appear. The dosage and regimen should be compiled by the doctor taking into account the general state of health of the woman, history, age, level of TSH, FSH.
Despite the fact that menopausal hormone therapy helps to reduce the unpleasant symptoms of menopause, in some cases, its appointment is impossible. We are talking about absolute contraindications to receiving MHT, such as heart attack and / or stroke, deep vein thrombosis, renal or hepatic insufficiency, hormone-dependent cancers, and autoimmune diseases.
In the role of an effective alternative to MGT are drugs based on phytoestrogens - for example, “Klimafemin Ginokomfort”. This is a dietary supplement that contains phytoestrogen genistein, an organic substance that helps reduce tides and sweating, normalizes metabolism and hormones, and improves sleep quality. In addition to genistein, the product contains such active ingredients as vitamin E, coenzyme Q10 and grape seed extract. All of them have a beneficial effect on the woman's body, contributing to the preservation of youth and normal well-being.
Therapy of osteoporosis with menopause
To combat the symptoms of menopause in women as osteoporosis, they are prescribed bisphosphonates, calcitonin, strontium preparations, fluorine salts, vitamin-mineral complexes and nutritional supplements containing boron, calcium, and vitamins K1 and D. nutrition, rich in calcium and vitamin D (milk, hard cheeses, poppy seeds and sesame, soybeans, nuts, fresh herbs, fish, beef and pork liver, egg yolks, fish oil, cod liver and halibut, butter). To reduce the manifestations of osteoporosis in menopause, it is necessary to quit smoking, since tobacco contributes to the removal of calcium from the body.
Fight against vaginal dry menopause
To solve the problem of dryness in the vagina, due to the onset of menopause, you can use special intimate gels. For example, you can use Ginokomfort moisturizing gel, which provides a lack of natural vaginal secretions and eliminates itching, dryness, burning and irritation in the vagina. The mucus-like consistency of mallow extract, which is part of the product, envelops and moisturizes the mucous membrane of the vulva, and has a mild sedative and anti-inflammatory effect on it. Chamomile extract has a beneficial effect on the existing microcracks, contributing to their early regeneration. Panthenol and bisabolol eliminate irritation and have antibacterial properties.
Also during the menopause, the gynecologist may advise the use of vaginal suppositories, which contain herbal or synthetic analogues of sex hormones. The use of such tools contributes to the normalization of the thickness of the mucous membrane during its atrophy, strengthening the processes of formation of vaginal secretions, maintaining an optimal level of acidity.
How to reduce the symptoms and signs of menopause in women: useful tips
With the onset of menopause, it is recommended to adhere to the following recommendations:
- Move more, engage in feasible sports and physical education.
- To master the techniques of breathing and relaxation
- Eat right and follow the drinking regime.
- Load the brain (read, crossword puzzles, learn foreign languages).
- Perform exercises that train fine motor skills.
Remember: a correct lifestyle and timely access to a doctor if necessary will allow you to reduce unpleasant symptoms during menopause!
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