In the woman's body, along with the beneficial microflora, conditionally harmful lives live: fungi, gardnerella. With a small amount of it, regulated by immunity, there is no threat to women's health. But the weakening of the protective forces leads to an increase in the number of microflora and the development of urethritis.
- Candida accompanied by white discharge, resembling flakes. There is intolerable itching of the urinary orifice and surrounding tissues, hyperemia, edema. The discharge has a peculiar sour smell and a cheesy consistency.
- The urethral canal may be exposed to gardnerell. Itching, burning during urination, discharge of off-white color. Vaginosis and colpitis join the inflammation of the urethra. There is a characteristic smell of "rotten fish."
Non inflammatory processes
Discharge from the urethra in women may be non-inflammatory. The amount of mucus increases during pregnancy, but it has a transparent color and is not accompanied by unpleasant sensations.
The calculi in the urethra give the discharge a brown tint. This is due to damage to the mucous membrane of the urethra when moving stones. This condition is accompanied by dysuric disorders and pain when going to the toilet.
In the appearance on the underwear of small colorless spots should not worry a woman. But if abundant mucus is secreted, acquiring unpleasant shades and smell, such manifestations cannot be ignored.
Causes of Urethral Discharge
Discharge from the urethra is one of the symptoms of its damage, which can occur due to infectious or non-infectious causes.
Infectious urethritis is triggered by the infection of non-specific flora, which enters it with a stream of urine, bladder or kidney, during the migration of bacteria from the rectum or vagina, especially if the latter has undergone inflammation of bacterial or fungal origin. The urethra can become irritated and inflamed after sexual intercourse, here the mechanical effect is more important, and the infection overlaps later. When infection is more common, white discharge from the urethra in women, sometimes they have an admixture of blood.
Separately, you need to say about specific infections - those that are sexually transmitted. Urethritis can be chlamydial, gonorrheal, trichomonas, ureoplasma. Inflammation of the organ may be due to the defeat of viruses - herpes, adenovirus.
Noncommunicable causes include:
- tumors of the urethra - can cause bleeding from the urethra in women
- urolithiasis, when fine sand comes out of the urine and scratches the wall, causing damage to it,
- compression of the tumor during growth from neighboring organs,
- allergic injury due to personal care products,
- chemical - irritation from the use of spermicidal preparations.
What causes urethral discharge after childbirth
After giving birth, women may have discharge from the urethra for several reasons:
- mechanical damage due to the use of a catheter,
- heavy discharge can enter the urethra and cause inflammation
- the occurrence of urethritis due to immunodeficiency due to the large load on the body.
Video: Purulent discharge from the urethra
Urethritis is treated by a therapist or urologist. Treatment is prescribed depending on the causative factor causing it.
Sharp and salty foods are excluded from the diet, which can be irritating and increase the formation of secretions.
Treatment of infectious urethritis begins with the appointment of antimicrobials, to which the infection that causes inflammation is sensitive. This is determined by seeding on flora and sensitivity to antibiotics. In case of nonspecific urethritis, preparations from penicillins, cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones, macrolides, Monural are prescribed.
If the urethra is affected by a genital infection, antibacterial agents or a combination of several antibiotics are used:
- on gonococci Erythromycin, rifampicin, cephalosporins,
- on chlamydia - tetracyclines, macrolides,
- for candidal inflammation - antifungal agents (Nystatin) or combined - Polygynax,
- Trichomonas kills metronidazole in combination with antiprotozoal drugs,
- on mycoplasma tetracyclines act.
After a course of antibiotics, probiotics are administered orally to restore the intestinal microflora, it is possible, in addition to them, to put suppositories for the prevention of vagal dysbacteriosis, for example, Acilact.
If pain is expressed during urination, antispasmodics are prescribed - Baralgin, Drotaverin, No-spa. If necessary, add antihistamines, immunomodulators. In the case of secondary urethritis caused by damage to other organs, the main disease is treated.
Treatment of postpartum urethritis
Penicillin antibiotics and herbal antiseptics such as Canephron are used to treat inflammation of the urethra after childbirth. After treatment, it is necessary to restore the intestinal microflora with probiotics. In order to relieve pain immediately after childbirth, antispasmodics are not used, since they can adversely affect the uterus contraction.
Treatment of folk remedies
Folk treatment is used at the stage of follow-up care or together with the main course of drugs. It is unacceptable to treat urethritis only by folk methods. The latter is used to improve immunity as a fortifying agent, and you can also use natural antiseptics, after a course of antibiotics.
What can be taken from folk remedies:
- cooking infusion of black currant leaves - 2 tbsp. l brewed with boiling water, allowed to infuse and take instead of tea,
- ready charges from the pharmacy - kidney tea (they are of different types), diuretic charge,
- cranberry and lingberry mors are natural uroantiseptics, they are taken both during acute urethritis and for prophylaxis after hypothermia.
Prevention of acute urethritis is reduced to general health procedures - you need to monitor your diet, drink enough water, exercise, follow the rules of hygiene, regularly take courses of vitamin preparations, clinical examination.
It is also necessary to consult a doctor in time at the first signs of the disease, not to self-medicate. The use of barrier means during intercourse will protect against sexually transmitted infections. For the prevention of relapse, it is desirable to take uroanteptics of plant origin in courses - cranberry juice, lingonberry juice, Urogel and others, as well as diuretic teas.
Video: Urethritis in women: symptoms, treatment, drugs, prevention
Features and nature of discharge
The main cause of spontaneous urethral discharge in women and the urethra in men is the presence of the inflammatory processflowing in the tissues of the urogenital system.
What is the structure of the urogenital system in women find out here.
Diseases that contribute to the emergence of various kinds of discharge from the urethra can be associated with the ingress of pathological bacteria into the body, or may occur due to abnormal development of the organs of the urinary system, injuries or allergic reactions in the body.
By describing the discharge from the urethra of both women and men, you can pre-determine a disease that contributes to the pathological phenomenon.
Discharges in women occur due to illness:
When woman is pregnant, discharge from the urethra may occur for the following reasons:
- the development of urethritis, which has no infectious etiology. In this case, urethritis provokes uterine pressure on the bladder,
- the presence of cystitis. Cystitis often occurs during pregnancy, because the pressure of the bladder contributes to the disruption of the normal flow of urine, which provokes irritation of the bladder mucosa,
- stress and fatigue, which may increase the risk of discharge,
- excessive fluid intake.
During pregnancy, discharge from the urethra has a special concern when they appear due to infection. Infectious bacteria can invade other organs, especially uterine tissue, which may contribute to abnormal fetal development.
Discharge from the urethra differ consistency, color. In addition, the discharge may have a specific smell, or be without it.
In any case, the appearance of discharge from the urethra should alert and be the reason for visiting a competent specialist.
Women excretions are:
- whites. May indicate the occurrence of inflammatory course,
- light yellow transparent. May be a sign of cystitis or urethritis,
- with the presence of blood cells (usually brown or light pink). Blood in the urethral discharge can be a sign of injury to the organs of the urinary system, or the presence of tumors of various etiologies,
- thick yellow or with a green tint, and also blood purulent. Such secretions are a sign of purulent inflammation, most likely associated with venereal diseases,
- discharge may be too abundant, persistent or systematically occurring, dense or in structure resembling water.
In a man, discharge from the urethra can be associated with both pathology of the urinary system and diseases of the genital sphere. Infectious diseasesleading to the excretion from the urethra of men may be:
- sexually transmitted diseases,
- inflammatory processes of the urogenital system, having a bacterial etiology (prostatitis, balanoposthitis),
- dysbacteriosis, which leads to the development of urethral gardnerella,
- inflammatory process of the urethra,
- defeat of the urethra by candida fungi,
- tumor processes.
Diseases that do not belong to the pathologies of an inflammatory naturemay also cause discharge from the urethra in men. These include:
- hematorrhea. They are caused by injuries to the urethral canal,
- urethral polyposis. Occurs due to hormonal failure,
- prostatorea. Prostate secretions that are caused by diseases such as prostatitis, prostate adenoma,
- spermatorhea. Spontaneous secretion of sperm fluid, which occurs as a result of spinal cord injuries, nervous overstrain, stress.
In men, discharge from the urethra can be different in thickness, with or without clots, frequent or rare, abundant or scarce. Also differ in color, structure, may have a different shade. Pathological secretions men are:
- mucous, with pus, yellow or greenish-yellow. May be a sign of a venereal disease,
- whites. May be a sign of candidiasis, chlamydia, inflammation of the prostate gland,
- transparent. Systematically emerging discharge of this kind may indicate a chronic form of urethritis,
- with sukrovitsy. Discharges of this kind can be a sign of injury to the urethra (after catheterization, with the presence of calculus in the organs of the urogenital system).
Discharge in men from the urethra, which are accompanied by an unpleasant odor, most often indicate the presence of an infectious process in the organs of the genitourinary system.
Besides the fact that with a disease of the urogenital system they are disturbed by systematic discharge from the urethra, the symptoms of individual diseases bring even greater discomfort. In parallel with the secretions of the disease can accompanied by other symptoms:
- Discharge from the urethra in women can cause an itchy sensation, discomfort, irritation of the skin and mucous membranes, diseases can cause pain during emptying, swelling of urinary organs, pain in the abdominal region.
- Discharge from the urethra in men can lead to severe pain, burning in the genital area, decreased erection, edema, redness of the tissues of the penis, the appearance of plaque on the foreskin, pain in the abdominal region.
- Often, with abnormal discharge in women from the urethra, each process of urination causes burning and pain during emptying and for some time after it. This is due to irritation of the mucous canal or its damage.
Diagnosis of existing pathologies
The complex of diagnostic measures that are carried out to identify the disease that causes pathological discharge from women from the urethra is prescribed by a doctor. according to the nature of the discharge.
The main diagnostic methods are:
When conducting the necessary research, the doctor makes a diagnosis, according to which prescribes treatment.
What is the treatment?
Treatment of pathological secretions from the urethra in women is complex. The effectiveness of the technique depends on the correct diagnosis. Therapy may include:
- use of antibacterial agents. A wide range of drugs used in the first days after treatment of the patient. When the results of bakposev are ready, they use means aimed at eliminating those pathogenic microorganisms that cause the inflammatory process,
- intake of vitamin preparations and means for improving immunity. Used in parallel with antibiotics, since antibiotic therapy often leads to a decrease in immunity and destruction of the urogenital microflora,
- introduction of uroseptic drugs into the urethral canal,
- physiotherapy course. It is advisable to use electrophoresis and warm baths.
In addition to the main treatment, it is effective to use with the consent of the doctor traditional medicine, which are based on the use of decoctions, infusions and baths with herbal extracts.
An important condition for effective therapy is proper nutrition during the period of treatment, which implies the exclusion of spicy, spicy, smoked dishes. It is important to observe the water balance.
If the cause of the disease leading to pathogenic secretions in a woman is a genital infection, then the course of therapy should be given to the partner.
Thus, discharge from the urethra is usually a sign of the genitourinary systemIt is necessary to begin treatment as soon as possible.
Why does a man from the urethra appear purulent discharge will tell the doctor in the video:
Features of urethral discharge in women
The urethra is the organ of the genitourinary system, which performs the function of removing water-soluble waste products from the body.
Discharges of different shades from the urethra appear for different reasons. Since the female urethra is larger in size than the male, it is more often attacked by pathogenic microorganisms.
Discharge from the urethra in women can be caused by an inflammatory process. If there is pain in the urinary canal and irritation appears, do not delay the visit to the doctor. For example, burning in the urethra in women often indicates candidiasis.
As for bleeding, their exit from the urethra may indicate the beginning of menstruation. When the follicle is broken during the ovulation period, blood impregnations enter the urine, hence the exit from the vagina of the pinkish secretion.
Symptoms of pathology
Vivid manifestations of the disease, the development of which is indicated by discharge from the urethra, are often absent in women.but unpleasant smell of secretion and frequent urging to the toilet - these are the main symptoms of pathology.
- yellow urethral discharge. Indicate inflammation or infection of the genital organs,
- purulent or white secret - a sign of neglected infectious or inflammatory process,
- the occurrence during urination squeezing sensation.
- cheesy discharge - the main symptom of thrush. Its manifestation is associated with the reproduction of candida fungi,
- abundant exit from the urethra of the blood (in the absence of desquamation),
- discomfort when urinating,
- aching pain in the area of the ovaries.
When infected with pathogenic microflora in the urethra, there is a strong burning sensation and pain. Possible exit from the urethra mucous secretion.
Causes of discharge
The nature of secretion depends on the functioning of the body. If for some reason a failure has occurred in his work, it will affect the cyclical nature.
One of the signs of failure of the monthly cycle is the appearance of pathological whiter. In the absence of serious diseases of fungal and infectious etymology, they will disappear the field of normalization of cyclicity.
Consider the main reasons for the appearance of such secretions:
- urolithiasis. Characterized by the promotion of stones in the urethra, which injure him. As a result, the walls of the urethra are inflamed and sore,
- inflammatory diseases such as cystitis. With such ailments, the bladder becomes inflamed. This leads to frequent urination,
- reduced immunity
- sexually transmitted diseases. They are provoked by disease-causing bacteria, such as chlamydia or trichomonas,
- hypothermia, leading to active reproduction in the body of pathogenic bacteria,
- the presence in the urethral canal of malignant neoplasms,
- trauma to the urinary canal.
Also, the urethral secret can be caused by an abnormal lifestyle. For example, its appearance is triggered by the consumption of large amounts of fatty foods.
Discharge from the urethra during pregnancy
Expectant mothers often face changes in secretion. In most cases, white discharge from the urethra during pregnancy, which are not accompanied by itching and burning in the vaginal area, appear due to physical fatigue.
Other reasons for their occurrence:
- improper fluid intake
- noninfectious urethritis,
- non-compliance with personal hygiene,
- the emergence of difficulties in the treatment of cystitis,
- psycho-emotional stress, stress,
- gynecological problems.
The presence in the discharge of blood from the urethra (brown impurities) is an alarming symptom, indicating a pathological course of pregnancy. With its manifestation, you must immediately go to a medical facility for examination.
Non-infectious causes of secretions
When injuring the urinary canal, the urethra also becomes inflamed. For example, this often happens when a catheter is inserted into the vagina.
Other factors that provoke inflammation of the urogenital canal include ovum fertilization, an allergic reaction, and the development of gynecological diseases.
Urinary incontinence and vaginal discharge of clear mucus are symptoms of inflammation of the urethra. They also appear in non-infectious urethritis, which is accompanied by severe itching in the crotch area. It often provokes a banal hypothermia. Unpleasant smell - one of the features of the discharge in this disease.
Other causes of non-infectious etymology:
- failure to follow the rules of healthy eating,
- radiation exposure
- intoxication of the body,
- active sexual intercourse resulting in injury to the urethra,
- venereal pathology.
Discharge in urethritis
This disease is characterized by rapid lesion of the inflammatory process of the mucous membranes of the genital organs. If women have clear mucus when they urinate, they are likely to have urethritis.
The secret of this disease is thick. Its color is gray or off-white. Discharge with urethritis in women often come out lumpy. They have the unpleasant smell of rotten fish. Symptoms increase after intercourse.
Bloody secretion, accompanied by pain, burning and itching, indicates infection of the genitals. On the active reproduction in the vaginal area of pathogenic bacteria says the manifestation and other symptoms, such as:
- the presence in the urethral secretion of purulent impurities,
- unpleasant smell from the vagina. It is difficult to get rid of it even if you follow the rules of personal hygiene,
- thick consistency of the secret, the presence of blood in it.
Diagnosis of urethral discharge
If secretion comes out of the urinary canal, the color and consistency of which are suspicious, you should not postpone the trip to the hospital. Diagnosis and its consequences are necessary to determine the optimal treatment strategy.
The main diagnostic measures:
- determination of the sensitivity of bacteria to antibiotics. This is required for prescribing an antibacterial drug that will cope with the infectious agent. Discharge from the urethra after its reception will stop,
- urethral swabs
- general blood analysis,
- Ultrasound of the genitourinary system
The course of treatment is prescribed after accurately determining the cause of the manifestation of this symptom.
Treatment of secretions
If the appearance of urethral secretions is a result of physical overwork or stress, then treatment is not required. After the restoration of the normal functioning of the body, this symptom will cease to appear.
However, if the discharge is accompanied by pain when urinating, itching and burning in the genital area, this may be due to urethral infection or inflammation. In this case, the treatment of unpleasant symptoms will require the adoption of therapeutic measures.
To restore normal secretion will require therapy. Drug treatment of secretions from the urethra is aimed at combating the inflammatory process and pathogenic bacteria.
For the treatment of urethritis in women, doctors prescribe antibacterial drugs to get rid of pathogens that provoke the development of the disease.
If a pregnant woman gets into the urogenital system of a pathogenic infection, she will experience symptoms such as severe vaginal itching, inflammation of the urethral canal, and frequent urination.
Such a disease as urethritis will adversely affect the development of the fetus, therefore it is necessary to take medical measures in time. Therapy depends on the nature of the disease. If his appearance was provoked by infection of the urethra, then the care of the expectant mother will be provided only in the hospital.
In a medical institution, she will take antibiotics that stop the development of this disease. Also, for pathological secretions in pregnant women, immunostimulating medications are prescribed.
To avoid unpleasant consequences, you should follow these recommendations:
- Compliance with the rules of healthy eating.
- Timely treatment of female diseases.
- Minimize smoking.
- Avoiding stress.
- Personal hygiene.
- Avoiding hypothermia.
- Refusing to wear synthetic underwear.
- Warming the lower body in the cold season.
Itching in the urethra during the discharge should not be ignored. With the manifestation of this symptom it is necessary to visit a doctor.
Possible nature of discharge
It is possible to distinguish such features of the secreted substance:
- Liquid is a regular excretion of urine, the color of which varies from transparent to dark brown, which depends on the state of health, age, lifestyle, nutrition and amount of fluid intake.
- Clear mucous discharge without an unpleasant odor, burning and difficulty urinating - the norm. The symptom is due to the work of the glands of the urinary system.
- Bloody - by consistency liquid discharge, a mixture of urine and blood. Color depends on the amount of blood present.
- Sand - small grains, urinary crystals and flakes, which go with the ICD.
- White, yellow, brown, transparent blood-streaked mucus - they say about the inflammatory process or infection.
- Purulent secretion indicates a neglected inflammatory or infectious process. There may be fever, severe lower abdominal pain, nausea, weakness, and indisposition.
The first group of the disease develops when sexually transmitted infections, such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, mycoplasmosis, genital herpes, human papillomavirus, enter. Ailments manifest pathological secretions. This is yellow, green, white, gray, liquid, thick, jelly-like, heterogeneous, with lumps or flakes (as in the photo), with an unpleasant smell of rotten meat, fish, rot, sour, sometimes there is a discharge with the smell of garlic.
In addition to the vagina, infections affect the mucous membranes of nearby organs, including the urethra.
Discharge from the urethra is the main symptom of urethritis, but it is not always associated with infection in the body. Nonspecific urethritis occurs due to microorganisms such as E. coli, staphylococcus, streptococcus, candida. These pathogens of inflammation are present in all women and men, but the immunity of a healthy person inhibits their numbers and prevents the development of diseases. The weakening of the immune system causes an increase in their number and the development of the inflammatory process. All the symptoms of nonspecific urethritis are similar: abundant abnormal discharge, itching, burning during urination, frequent urging to the toilet.
Urethritis, characterized by the appearance of cheesy white discharge during urination in women is a sure sign of reproduction of fungi of the Candida family (see photo).
The disease is transmitted through sexual contact. White plaque covers the mucous membranes of the vagina, falling on the urethra. Candidiasis is accompanied by a burning sensation, itching and a fermented milk smell.
Urethritis is manifested by a thick secret of off-white or gray color with lumps, secretions smelling like rotten fish. The inflammatory process affects the mucous membranes of the urinary organs and provokes bacterial vaginosis. It is transmitted both sexually and develops against the growth of opportunistic bacteria living in the local microflora. Symptoms are aggravated after intercourse.
Inflammation of the internal organs
There are severe inflammations of the female genital organs, which are transmitted to the bladder and provoke urethritis.
Nephritis is an inflammation of the kidneys. In many cases, not indicated by obvious signs. But sometimes it makes itself felt bloody streaks and pus, painful urination.
Urolithiasis, sand in the kidneys and bladder are characterized by frequent or difficult urination, burning, and ichor as a result of trauma to the urethra when sand and stones enter. The disease may be asymptomatic. Bleeding after urination often speaks of mechanical damage to the urethra, problems with the kidneys.
Sometimes a small amount of blood in the urine develops into abundant blood loss. In this situation, you need to immediately consult a doctor, since we can talk about tumors of different etymologies, and even cancer.
Many women who have found similar symptoms begin to be treated at home. This is erroneous, since this kind of ailments require a competent integrated approach.
Treatment of urethral discharge depends on the type of pathogen that caused the inflammation. In general, therapy is based on antibiotics, which are individually selected for each case.
In combination with medicines of general action, it is recommended to take sessile baths with antiseptic and anti-inflammatory agents. All sorts of decoctions and infusions of herbs will do. The complex therapy includes local suppositories and tampons impregnated with medicinal substances.
Physical therapy (electrophoresis) helps quickly and without harm to the body to get rid of the disease.
The main causes of discharge
Discharges of urethra in women can appear for many reasons. Among them are:
- Venereal diseases. The most common causes of urethritis lie in the activity of chlamydia, gardnella, gonococcus, trichomonas and other microorganisms. Depending on the causative agent of infection, discharge from women may have a different shade.
- Urolithiasis disease. The resulting stones move along the urethra and traumatize it, which provokes the development of inflammation.
- Reducing the protective functions of the body.
- Long stay in the cold. This factor contributes to the active reproduction of bacteria in the female body.
- Mechanical trauma of the urinary canal. this may occur during accidents or improper medical manipulations.
- Wrong way of life. Eating large amounts of fatty, sour and bitter foods.
- Malignant neoplasms in the urethra, which provoke inflammatory processes.
Discharge from the urethra in women is often the result of sexually transmitted diseases. Infection occurs during contact with the carrier of the infection. Failure of the rules of contraception and personal hygiene, weakened immunity, emotional overstrain, hypothermia, and other factors contribute to the rapid course of the disease.
The quality of therapy will largely depend on the correct identification of the cause of the disease. You can not make a diagnosis yourself. At the first sign of a problem, contact your doctor.
Varieties of secretions
Depending on the cause of the problem, they can observe the discharge of a different shade and texture. The following options are possible:
- White discharge. This symptom does not speak about the factors of the appearance of the disease. It only indicates the development of the inflammatory process. Therefore, in such a situation, careful diagnosis will be required.
- Brown discharge. This hue indicates the presence of blood in the secreted secretion. Most often, this symptom accompanies the formation of tumors in the urinary system. The cause of brown discharge can be mechanical damage to the urethra.
- Purulent bloody discharge indicates the progression of venereal disease. They may have whitish streaks or a greenish tint.
- Yellow discharge from the urethra is observed in gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and some other sexually transmitted diseases.
To make an accurate diagnosis, it is not enough to determine the type of discharge. It is necessary to analyze the whole complex of symptoms.
Symptoms of the problem
Discharge in women is rarely accompanied by vivid symptoms. In the early stages to identify the problem is quite difficult. Noticeable signs appear only when the disease begins to progress. The main manifestations of acute inflammatory process include:
- Painful urination.
- Aching pains in the genital area.
- Blood in the urine.
- Sensation of squeezing of the urinary canal when urinating.
Symptoms may not be all. Some of them will prevail. It all depends on the exact cause of the disease. When infected with pathogenic microflora, there are several characteristic symptoms:
- When gonorrhea, there is severe pain when emptying the bladder. If you urinate for a long time, discomfort appears in the urethra.
- Infection with Trichomonas is accompanied by severe itching in the genital area. Puffiness may occur.
- Symptom of candidiasis becomes burning during urination. At the same time, the secret from the urethra is white and has a curd consistency.
- Mycoplasma infection is accompanied by itching and a constant feeling of discomfort in the lower abdomen.
When urethritis in women, it is important to identify the problem in time. If the disease begins to progress, long and difficult treatment will be required.
Establishing an accurate diagnosis
Urethral secretions may appear under the influence of several factors. One symptom cannot be accurately diagnosed. Experts resort to the following diagnostic methods:
- A smear is taken from the urethra, which is further subjected to laboratory tests. The most commonly used polymer chain reaction or staining according to Gram. Such techniques allow determining the presence of pathogenic microflora in the sample.
- A blood test is performed to detect sexually transmitted diseases.
- When detecting the presence of bacteria, a study is conducted to determine their sensitivity to antibiotics. Only after such an analysis can a specialist be able to pick up an antibacterial drug that is guaranteed to cope with the causative agent of the disease.
- Ultrasound examination of the urogenital system. The survey can detect the presence of pathological changes.
- Urethroscopy. This endoscopic method of research, which allows to assess the state of the mucous membrane of the surface of the urethra. If necessary, a specialist takes a biopsy of the tissue. In some cases, the examination can eliminate the areas of narrowing of the urethra.
- Urethrocytoscopy.This technique allows us to study the state of not only the urethra, but the entire bladder, in which foci of infection are often found.
The specialist should analyze all the results of the research. Only in this way can he make the correct diagnosis.
If you notice that a secret is released from the urethra, immediately consult a doctor. Delay in such a situation can lead to serious complications of the disease.
The main methods of therapy
Discharge from the urethra in women require immediate treatment. After the doctor has determined the exact reason for their appearance, he will be able to choose an effective method of therapy. The following remedies are used:
- Antibacterial drugs. The most commonly used drugs with a wide range of actions. You can start using them even before the final results of bacteriological seeding are obtained. In identifying sexually transmitted infections, experts recommend the use of Amoxiclav, Clarithromycin, Ofloxacin, Azithromycin and some other drugs.
- Sulfonamide drugs effectively eliminate bacteria, whose vital activity leads to the development of an inflammatory process. Doxycycline becomes the most effective of them.
- Antimicrobial drugs. Most often, doctors prescribe Metronidazole.
- Most often, the disease develops against the background of a decrease in the protective functions of the body. Therefore, experts recommend the use of immunocorrective agents, as well as vitamin-mineral complexes.
- It is shown washing the genitals with decoctions of medicinal herbs. Chamomile, calendula and knotweed are effective in this situation. With the same purpose can be applied and antiseptic solutions. Potassium permanganate is good to use in the preparation of sedentary baths.
- Discharge from the urethra can be treated using physiotherapeutic techniques. The most effective are electrophoresis and heating applications.
- Injection of uroseptics directly into the urinary canal. For these purposes, use a solution of collargol, protargol or chlorhexidine.
In addition to the main treatment, women are encouraged to review their lifestyle and especially their diet. It is necessary to completely abandon spicy, overly salty, smoked food, pickles and canned goods. Give preference to light vegetable dishes, soups and porridges. focus on fermented milk products. They will help restore normal microflora in the intestines, which suffers greatly from taking antibacterial drugs. Try to drink as much clean water as possible. Good results are obtained by eating cranberries. On its basis you can prepare compotes and fruit drinks.
At the time of treatment, stop smoking and drinking alcohol. Try to lead a healthy lifestyle, walk more in the fresh air and do gymnastics, do not overcool. Avoid excessive physical and mental stress. They significantly impair the protective functions of the body. Avoid sexual intercourse with partners who may be carriers of infectious agents. When contacting a regular partner, use a condom.
If, after bacteriological seeding, it was found that the cause of the development of the disease was the vital activity of pathogenic microflora, then treatment would be required not only for the woman, but also for her sexual partner. Otherwise, the infection will be repeated, and therapy will not bring the proper result.
Two weeks after the end of the course of treatment, repeated laboratory tests are carried out. Only in this way can a specialist ensure that the pathogen is completely defeated.
Discharge from the urethra in women always becomes a symptom of a serious illness. Therefore, when they are detected, you should seek medical help as soon as possible. Only competent diagnosis and proper treatment will help to completely cope with the problem.
Etiology of the disease
There can be many reasons for a woman to have such an unusual pattern of discharge. From this you can not be insured at 100%, but those who monitor their health are subject to similar diseases much less.
One of the most frequent reasons for which a woman can observe discharge from the urethra is urolithiasis. This is because large stones leaving the body injure the urethra. As a result, inflammation occurs, which leads to the formation of secretions.
A similar symptom is a sign of a venereal disease. However, in this case, in addition to the discharge from the urethra, there are often other symptoms that can clearly determine that it is a sexually transmitted infection. A woman may notice discharge from the urethra and because of the development of diseases of a different nature in the body. But, as a rule, they are all related to gynecology.
Discharge from the urinary tract canal is often found in those who lead a wrong lifestyle. This applies to improper nutrition, that is, a similar problem can affect those representatives of the beautiful half of humanity who often diet or, on the contrary, eat everything indiscriminately. If the daily diet is dominated by fatty, spicy and acidic foods, this can cause an inflammatory process in the urinary system.
It is worth being very careful in the cold season. Hypothermia can be very dangerous for the female body, including the cause of the active reproduction of bacteria. In addition, do not forget about the danger of mechanical damage. If it has taken place recently, then inflammation in the urogenital system is not excluded, as well as purulent discharge.
Unusual disturbing symptoms in the female body can be caused by various bacteria and viruses. These include staphylococcus, chlamydia and gardnerella. If the cause was just an infection, urination will be accompanied by secretions of characteristic color and smell. As a rule, it is yellow discharge from the urethra or greenish with a sharp putrid odor.
If a woman notes a clear color from the urethra, this should not be a cause for concern. This is considered normal. Thick purulent or flocculent discharge can be evidence of a strong inflammatory process or a dangerous disease.
If burning, redness in the area of the orifice and painful sensations in the abdomen are added to a symptom such as discharge from the urethra, this may hint at a disease such as urethritis. This ailment infrequently affects the female body due to the structural features of the urogenital system. Much more often in the fair sex is found cystitis, which is similar to inflammation, but only with localization in the bladder.
In any case, if a woman has discovered such a suspicious symptom as a discharge from the urethra, it is worth contacting a doctor. There is no need to self-medicate, since the disease can turn into a chronic form or it can give many complications, which will complicate the treatment.
To solve the problem of secretions from the urethra, it is necessary to begin to deal with the main pathogen.
To do this, you must be examined in a medical institution and pass all the necessary tests. As a rule, to determine the type of pathogen in the female body, a smear is taken from the canal. Further, depending on the diagnosis, treatment is prescribed.
If pathogenic microorganisms are the cause of the excretions, they should be treated in a medical way. For example, Metronidazole is prescribed to get rid of Trichomonas, and doxycycline is used for gonococci. In addition to the use of drugs to get rid of the main disease often requires a course of drugs to improve the immune system and restore the normal microflora of the female genital organs.
Especially carefully it is necessary to get rid of the discharge from the urethra in women who are expecting a child. In this case, treatment is prescribed, which will not affect the condition of the fetus. It can be effective gels and ointments with antibacterial effect.
In addition, it is necessary to remember about the need for proper, balanced nutrition, adequate drinking and complete cessation of smoking, drinking alcohol and everything else that may harm the body.
Until such time as a woman solves the problem of secretions and the disease that caused them, it is worth refraining from intercourse in order not to pass on the disease to your partner. To restore the body, it is necessary to observe the regime of rest and sleep, as well as to spend enough time in the fresh air.
Often the causes of purulent discharge from the urethra lie in the urethritis. This disease affects the male body more often than the female one, but it brings no less trouble to the beautiful half of humanity.
The cause of urethritis can be hypothermia, trauma of the genitourinary system or unprotected sexual contact. Women with a weakened immune system are particularly prone to developing urethritis. In some cases, urethritis can occur without symptoms, which is very dangerous, since the disease easily becomes chronic, and then it will be difficult to completely get rid of it.
It is important to turn in time to a specialist who, based on the results of the analyzes, will make the correct diagnosis and prescribe the optimal treatment.
Urethritis can be caused by infectious pathogens. In some cases, there may be a white discharge from the urethra in women or yellow, as well as green and with blood impurities. Most often, urethritis is prescribed antibiotics, the course of which is about one week. In addition, immunomodulators and a special diet are necessary, that is, exclusion from the daily diet of fatty, spicy, acidic and too salty foods, as well as alcoholic beverages.
Discharge from the urethra is a very alarming signal that cannot be ignored in any case. Diseases, a symptom of which are the allocation of an unusual color with an unpleasant odor, can quickly develop into a chronic form and cause significant damage to the female body.
Why does highlighting appear?
In women, the urethra is located close to the anus and vagina. This increases the risk of infection. One of the initial symptoms of inflammation of the urethra is abnormal discharge.
The color and consistency of the discharge depends on the pathogen.
An irritant, getting into the urethra, causes local inflammation.
The consequence of this is the appearance of odorless discharge that disappears after product replacement.
In order to restore health, it is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease.
What are the selection?
Depending on the factor that caused the urethritis, the discharge can vary in consistency and color. Normal discharge from the urethra –transparent mucous membranes, without unpleasant smell.
Attention! In women, urethral discharge is often mixed with the secret of the vagina, which creates additional difficulties for the diagnosis.
Symptoms of the disease
In women, the urethra is short and wide, even a significant inflammatory process cannot interfere with urine flow.
Most often, urethritis in the fair sex is asymptomatic. Therefore, the disease is difficult to detect at an early stage.
The main signs of acute pathology:
Clinical manifestations depend on the cause of the disease.
Specific symptoms of genital infections:
Photos and videos in this article will tell about the symptoms of inflammation of the urethra.
Attention! For infection with gonorrhea, one unprotected sexual intercourse is enough!
How to regain health?
Modern techniques help to successfully combat inflammation of the urethra.
Instructions for the treatment of urethritis:
- broad-spectrum antibiotics (Amoxiclav, Clarithromycin, Ofloxacin),
- antimicrobial agents (Metronidazole),
- sulfonamides ("Biseptol").
For successful treatment it is recommended to take vitamin and mineral complexes.
- washing infusions of medicinal herbs (calendula, chamomile),
- sit baths with potassium permanganate solution,
- injection of antiseptics into the urethra (protargol, collargol).
- electrophoresis with antibiotics,
- infrared laser therapy
Self-medication is unacceptable! In case of incomplete cure, the disease will become chronic.
To ensure that the problem does not return, you must:
- To exclude from the diet marinades, smoked meats, overly spicy and fatty foods. Add soups, cereals and light vegetable dishes to the menu. Eat dairy products daily - they will help restore normal microflora. Useful cranberries.
- Stop smoking and alcohol.
- Do not supercool.
- Drink more (at least 2 liters per day).
- To observe intimate hygiene.
If the cause of discharge from the urethra is pathogenic microflora, treatment is necessary not only for the woman, but also for her partner.
Can I get infected in the pool?
Hello! Recently returned from a long trip. An unpleasant surprise awaited me: in a few days, pain appeared during urination and other unpleasant symptoms, which are not to be spoken about aloud. I had to run to the doctor. It turned out that my wife and I are sick with gonorrhea. She claims to be infected in the pool. Could this be?
Hello! In the pool to catch gonorrhea is impossible.